As it became known to Kommersant, as part of the investigation of a criminal case of multibillion embezzlement from the bankrupt Agrosoyuz bank, absentee charges of organizing a criminal community (OCS) were brought against the fugitive beneficiary of this credit institution Ilya Kligman and his right hand Yevgeny Urin. In the near future, the investigation intends to apply to the court for their arrest in absentia and declare both on the international wanted list. The investigation of the criminal case itself has been completed, and four defendants, who, in addition to fraud, were also accused of participating in an organized criminal group, began to familiarize themselves with its materials.
Investigation of a criminal case on embezzlement of about 7 billion rubles. from the Agrosoyuz bank, which in total after the collapse at the end of 2018 owed customers twice as much, the Main Directorate of the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in Moscow led exactly two years. According to Kommersant's information, it contains about 250 volumes. In the final version, charges of particularly large-scale fraud and participation in an organized criminal community (part 4 of Art. 159 and Art. 210 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation) were brought against former top managers of Agrosoyuz Bank Stanislav Shelovskikh and Andrey Somov, as well as ex-employee of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Denis Makartsev and Natalya Petrenko, who was responsible for black accounting, previously convicted of financial fraud.
In addition, the absentee accusation of creating an OPS was charged to the ultimate beneficiary of this credit institution and another fifteen bankrupt banks (more than 150 billion rubles were withdrawn from them) Ilya Kligman and his right hand Yevgeny Urin, the younger brother of the notorious ex-banker Matvey Urin. Both are hiding abroad. In the near future, the investigation intends to apply to the court for the arrest of both in absentia, after which they will be put on the international wanted list.
Agrosoyuz turned out to be one of those caught up in the cleaning of the banking sector from serial swindlers who put on a stream the looting of credit institutions in anticipation of the revocation of their licenses.
As Kommersant has already told, dealing with the disappearance of funds of Agrosoyuz depositors, the employees of the GUEBiPK Ministry of Internal Affairs found that shortly before the revocation of the license, the bank's management ceded the right to claim more than 7 billion rubles. loans under false cession agreements to the fictitious company "Voskhod". From there, hoping to confuse the traces of the fraudsters, all the debts were assigned to three other fictitious LLCs - Technology, Good Money and Megatorg.
As established by law enforcement officers, Natalya Petrenko and Yevgeny Urin were the developers of all criminal schemes for withdrawing money from Agrosoyuz. The immediate executors, as follows from the case materials, were the former vice-president of this credit institution Stanislav Shelovskikh and the deputy chairman of the board of Agrosoyuz Andrei Somov. They were assisted in the selection of fictitious companies by a former employee of the OEBiPK UVMD in the North-Eastern District of Moscow, Denis Makartsev.
The organizer of these machinations, according to the investigators, was Ilya Kligman, whose instructions were unquestioningly followed by Natalya Petrenko and Yevgeny Urin.
About what exactly Mr. Kligman is behind the scams in Agrosoyuz, Gelendzhik Bank (debt 825 million rubles), Bank Interkommerts (65.1 billion rubles), Time Bank (700 million rubles), Antalbank (14.7 billion rubles), Arksbank (over 35 billion rubles), Inkarobank (over 3 billion rubles), Transinvestbank (over 9 billion rubles), Baikalbank (6 billion rubles) and a number of other credit institutions, law enforcement officers have known for a long time. However, it was not possible to prevent the next collapse of this or that bank for a long time. By the way, on April 2, 2021, this list was supplemented by Geobank, which completely lost its own funds, the damage caused to depositors has yet to be established.
For the first time, ex-banker Kligman, who fled to Germany, came under criminal prosecution only at the end of 2019, as part of an investigation by law enforcement agencies of Buryatia of the case of embezzlement from Baikalbank.
At the same time, he was charged in absentia with the first fraud charge.
The problems that began with Ilya Kligman were linked by many in banking circles to the dismissal of the deputy chairman of the Central Bank Vasily Pozdyshev, who was in charge of banking supervision, which happened at about the same time. In particular, he made decisions on the revocation of licenses from banks and the appointment of a reorganization procedure. Moreover, many troubled bankers in some mysterious way found out about punishments from the Central Bank who in a month or two before the event, and who even a day before. But in any case, when the temporary administration came, there was usually no money or other assets left in the banks. So it was, for example, with the same "Agrosoyuz", from the box office of which, the day before the license was revoked, unidentified persons managed to take out 1.5 billion rubles. cash in different currencies.
Meanwhile, after leaving the Central Bank, Mr. Pozdyshev became the chairman of the board of directors of LLC "Management Company of the Fund for Consolidation of the Banking Sector." However, in the summer of 2020, he also left this position, becoming a senior adviser on financial recovery and crisis management at the Bank for International Settlements, headquartered in Basel.
Now, Vasily Pozdyshev, who has French citizenship, according to security officials, practically permanently lives in Nice, where he has real estate.
At the same time, the defense of the defendants in this case believes that the investigation blamed their clients for participation in the OCG absolutely unlawful. “According to the amendments made to the Criminal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code last year, to incriminate Art. 210 is possible only in the case when the legal entity was created specifically for the commission of crimes. It is quite obvious that the bank registered in 1991 is not such a bank, ”lawyer Georgy Antonov, who is defending Mr. Makartsev, told Kommersant.