As it became known to Kommersant, today the Tverskoy District Court of Moscow will consider the investigation's petition to arrest one of the organizers of the so-called Moldovan scheme, banker Alexander Grigoriev. A year ago he was sentenced to nine years in prison for embezzling more than 2 billion rubles. from two controlled credit institutions. Now the convicted ex-banker will have to answer for the creation of an organized crime community, which withdrew more than 500 billion rubles from Russia.
An investigator from the Investigation Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs applied to the Tverskoy District Court of Moscow with a motion to arrest Alexander Grigoriev. It is this unit that, since May 2015, has been investigating a criminal case on “carrying out currency transactions to transfer funds to non-resident accounts using false documents” and “organizing a criminal community” (Article 193.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and Article 210 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation).
The following year, representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs issued a loud statement that the members of the group over the past few years could withdraw about $ 46 billion from the country (according to the Central Bank, during the same time, more than $ 75 billion was illegally withdrawn abroad). At the same time, a Kommersant source in law enforcement agencies claimed that the annual turnover of the criminal group was about 1 trillion rubles.
However, the first progress in the investigation of this high-profile case appeared only in February 2019.
As Kommersant has already told, then Alexander Korkin, a shareholder of Victoriabank, whose owner is considered to be the Moldovan oligarch Vladimir Plahotniuc, who is on the international wanted list, was detained in Moscow and the next day arrested by the same Tver District Court. It is the latter, as well as another well-known Moldovan businessman Vyacheslav Platon (sentenced in Moldova to 18 years in prison in 2017, and recently released in connection with the review of the case) and Russian banker Alexander Grigoriev, are considered by the Russian law enforcement agencies to be the organizers of the criminal scheme. According to some reports, it was Mr. Korkin's confessions (his case was separated into a separate proceeding and has already been completed) that helped law enforcement officers establish both the scheme itself and the persons involved in it.
According to the investigation, in 2013–2014, the OCG members, using forged documents, organized the transfer of funds from the accounts of legal entities controlled by them in Zapadny Bank and the Russian Land Bank (RZB) to non-resident accounts in Moldindconbank under the pretext of selling currency. The funds received were debited from the correspondent accounts of Russian banks at Moldindconbank on the basis of forged decisions of the Moldovan courts in favor of individuals and legal entities. Then the laundered money went to the accounts of the organizers and active participants in the scheme. One of these, according to the investigation, was the mayor of the Moldovan city of Balti, Renato Usatii. The well-known politician, who, in addition to being Moldovan, also has Russian citizenship, was arrested in absentia at the request of the investigation in July this year, and put on the international wanted list.
According to Kommersant's information, now the members of the organized crime group are accused of transferring more than 500 billion rubles abroad.
And one of the key roles in this crime, according to the FSB, which provides operational support in this case, was played by the shadow owner of the Zapadny and RZB banks Alexander Grigoriev. The investigation considers him to be the head of one of the largest organized criminal groups in Russia, engaged in illegal financial, including cash, operations. Allegedly, it was on it that the activities of more than 500 ordinary members of the group were closed, using about 60 Russian banks, including with the participation of state capital. Among them were, for example, "Russian Credit", "Eastcomfinance", "Transportny", Mast-Bank, Antalbank, Intercapitalbank, Russian Land Bank, "Taurus", "European Express", "Rublevsky", "Baltika", Tempbank and a number of others. According to the law enforcement officers, all of them, to one degree or another, were involved in the “Moldovan scheme”.
Note that exactly a year ago, the Leninsky District Court of Rostov-on-Don sentenced Alexander Grigoriev to nine years in prison for embezzling about 2.1 billion rubles. from banks Zapadny and Doninvest. The investigation also believed that the crime was committed by him as part of an organized criminal group. However, in this part of the ex-banker and his five accomplices, the court acquitted, qualifying the actions they committed as part of a simple "criminal group." After the verdict was announced, Grigoriev was sent to a colony, from where he was recently convoyed to Moscow, now accused of more serious crimes.