However, as Pavlov says, the meetings with the head of the presidential administration were not effective. “After that, he began to look for other ways out to conclude an agreement, in connection with which he turned to Russian businessman Anisimov Vasily Vasilyevich for help. He told him what objects in Russia BTA Bank has and for which there is interest to work on collecting them for subsequent receipt of a stake in them. Anisimova V.V. This proposal interested. "
Vasily Anisimov is among the 200 richest Russians in the Forbes version. He is the owner of the development company Coalco, and the assets that might interest him are land in the Domodedovo district of the Moscow region. The BTA leadership was determined to receive for its debts several dozen land plots with a total area of more than two thousand hectares under the common name “Western Domodedovo”. Ablyazov’s company planned to build an entire city in Eurasia City in these territories. It is these assets that the lawyer Pavlov was supposed to return under the contract with BTA.
“The construction project of Eurasia-City was interesting, noticeable on the market,” recalls Maxim Leshchev, CEO of GeoDevelopment, operating in the Moscow region. “I think that in 2008-2011 his land could cost up to 4 thousand dollars for a hundred, if I bought in bulk, that is, I would estimate the whole piece of land at more than half a billion dollars.”
"Quorum" and 5 percent
Under the contract for the return of the asset, Pavlov should have received 5% of the value of the land.
As stated in the materials of the Kazakh court, Anisimov introduced Pavlov to "a major businessman in Kazakhstan," Alexander Klebanov, who "has extensive contacts in state bodies of the republic." Klebanov introduced Pavlova to the deputy chairman of the state welfare fund, who instructed the BTA leadership to conclude a contract with the Quorum.
According to Pavlov, half of the revenues received under the contract “Korum” should have been given to Anisimov and Klebanov.
Coalco Anisimova is a major player in the Domodedovo area. Now the company owns the residential complex “Bolshaya Domodedovo”, several cottage settlements along the Kaluga highway and along the “Don” highway, as well as 17 hectares of undeveloped land. “Anisimov bought more than 20 thousand hectares of former collective farm lands in the early 2000s,” says Maxim Leshchev, General Director of GeoDevelopment. - It was a very profitable business. Then the status of the land was very easy to change from agricultural purposes to land for housing, with people making billions. At the same time, the lands of Ablyazov were closer to Moscow than the lands of Anisimov. ”
Conflict of security forces
Pavlov's law firm has not completed the process of returning the land. “Consideration of the claims was delayed due to the need to notify the defendants located in the Netherlands and the Seychelles, who were directly borrowers of receiving loans from BTA,” said Pavlov at the trial. And when it was not possible to get the land quickly, Pavlov asked for an advance payment of 700 thousand dollars.
In Pavlov's correspondence (available at Novaya Gazeta) there is a detailed substantiation of the amount of the advance payment, for example, Quorum was going to spend 400 thousand rubles on extracts from the unified register of legal entities (extracts can be obtained free of charge on the tax website), 550 thousand rubles on extracts from Rosreestr on the transfer of rights to land plots (one statement on the Rosreestr website costs 1 ruble, that is, this money could be used to order information about 550 thousand land plots).
“The money received from BTA Bank <...> was spent on the companies own needs. In fact, the work and services were not performed, ”the court said.
A source familiar with the case file said that Pavlov’s detention in Kazakhstan happened during the intensification of the struggle for power between the Kazakh security forces. According to the interlocutor of “Novaya”, their struggle escalated after Kazakhstan suffered a final defeat in the case of Ablyazov’s extradition - the French State Council decided to release the fugitive banker from custody. Kazakhstan began to understand whose fault it is. “As a result, with the filing of the Ministry of Justice and the National Anti-Corruption Bureau, a version emerged that prosecutors and lawyers are to blame, who were interested only in money,” says a Novaya interviewee.
According to the source, the investigators did not care about Pavlov himself, only the necessary evidence was required of him. No charges were filed against him. After the testimony was received, Pavlov was allowed to leave Kazakhstan. In turn, from the assistant prosecutor general demanded indications on the Deputy Prosecutor General of Kazakhstan Andrei Kravchenko. And from that, apparently, they were planning to get evidence on the prosecutor general himself, the interlocutor of Novaya believes. As a result, only the assistant was convicted.
This version is confirmed by people from the circle of Ablyazov, with whom Novaya Gazeta spoke. According to them, after Ablyazov fled, Kazakhstan invested huge sums in the pursuit of a runaway banker around the world. “Huge money poured into BTA for the return of assets, with no significant results. At some point, they began to look for the guilty, the interlocutor believes. - The case should have been Deputy Prosecutor General Andrey Kravchenko (removed from office in 2017. –O.Sh.) and former Attorney General Askhat Daulbayev himself (removed from office in 2016. –O.Sh.), but they found patrons, so the scapegoats were made by Maksatbekuulu and another employee of the asset recovery department of BTA, Elena Molchanova. ”
Former Prosecutor General Daulbayev, after his resignation, got a place in the State Council of Kazakhstan, his deputy Kravchenko works as a lawyer in the National Welfare Fund.
Pavlov's law firm, Quorum, still accompanies the bankruptcy of banks — already Russian ones.
In 2018, Quorum was once again certified by the State Deposit Insurance Agency (DIA), which protects depositors of failed Russian banks. Moreover, the selection rules, for example, say that companies that have problems with business reputation cannot work with DIA.
According to the calculations of Novaya Gazeta, Quorum is involved in the bankruptcy of at least 10 banks and receives each from 500 thousand to 3.5 million rubles monthly and up to 15% of the returned property.
The “success fees” paid to lawyers in the event of a victory in legal disputes often have a double bottom in the context of use by government agencies. This creates fertile ground for corrupt practices, since an official, defining a “success fee,” can theoretically pawn his interest in him, ”believes Ilya Shumanov, deputy director of Transparency International. - The story of Pavlov tells us that a similar practice could be used in a case with the recovery of assets belonging to the Kazakh bank BTA. However, in the role of recipients of the “reward” part for a lucrative contract in this case, there are not officials who have decided to conclude a contract with Pavlov, but influential businessmen who have direct access to top officials in Kazakhstan. Due to the similarity of state models of Russia and Kazakhstan, it cannot be excluded that similar schemes were implemented in our country. My suspicions are strengthened by the fact that the Quorum company, managed by Pavlov, actively participates in litigations, representing the interests of the state corporation DIA. ”