We buy a ticket, we are waiting for the Sunday broadcast on NTV with bated breath. The host Mikhail Borisov in a magnificent mustache and with a bag of magic barrels quickly puts in place - the ticket was empty. The main prizes of billions of rubles are received not by those who play, but by those who sell.
Russian Lotto is the most famous game, but far from the only one. There are dozens of luck games in the Stoloto assortment - “6 of 45”, “Housing Lottery”, “Matchball” and so on. In 2017, the state lotto system brought in revenues of 34 billion rubles, in 2018 - already 46 billion. All this money was provided by people who buy tickets.
On Thursday morning, there is already a small queue at the ticket office of the Stoloto central office. Winners come here - to receive winnings of several thousand rubles - or just fans who are sitting tight on the lottery hook. They like to be closer to the game (here you can follow the draws live). The elderly man was lucky - he won 1,160 rubles, but money is not the most expensive.
- Let's get a thousand of these tickets. And for 160 more of these, ”says the man with a gambling gleam in his eyes.
In the next window, a person buys a whole pack of 5,000 rubles. Basically, it guesses the "Russian Lotto". The most popular lottery accounts for about 75% of total revenue.
The central office is located in the Avilon dealership, which sells luxury cars, with a helipad, blue glazing and a scattering of premium Mercedes cars. If you're lucky big, you can sit down and go home on a new "swallow". But such cases are not remembered here.
Russian lotto with an Armenian accent
The lottery business in Russia is considered completely state-owned, but there is not much from the state. Only 5% of the total revenue goes to the budget for the construction of sports facilities, although for the sake of this, everything was planned. In 2014, at the initiative of Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov, the Russian government banned all private lotteries. It was assumed that the system would become transparent, players would no longer be cheated with wins, and additional funds would be poured into the budget to maintain the infrastructure of the Olympics in Sochi. Two ministries are responsible for organizing the lotteries - the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Sports. Each of them has its own private operator, which is responsible for the drawing process itself - twists the balls, prevents the barrels, etc. Sportloto LLC is under the patronage of the Ministry of Finance, and State Sports Lotteries CJSC (GSL) is under the Ministry of Sports. The distribution and sale of all tickets is carried out by the Stoloto company. It would seem where is the snag? The answer is on Volgogradsky Prospekt Moscow. All sub-ministerial private firms are in the same office - the very same one, with a helipad.
How it works
- The most interesting: before the non-state lottery was removed, contributions to the state were 10% each. For some reason, non-state ones paid more than state ones pay now. It seems that this is just a corruption story that originated in the zero years, during the time of the State Sports Committee. Then it all started, - concludes Slobodkin.
Revenue distribution scheme (by law)
50% - on wins
45% to private intermediaries
5% to the state