Alexei Krapivin, the son of a close associate of the former head of OAO "Russian Railways" Vladimir Yakunin, built a business empire state monopoly on contracts. Under its control - hundreds of billions of public money allocated for the Russian railways. Documents from the base Mossack Fonseca (MF) suggest that Alexei Krapivin controls the largest contractor of the most expensive and large-scale construction of modern times - the reconstruction of the BAM. Companies close Krapivin also participate in transactions involving a major partner of the "Russian Railways", the global transport market player - "Bombardier Transportation".
Krapivin family played an important role in the "Russian Railways" business from the time when the president of the state company became an old friend Krapivina Sr. Vladimir Yakunin, ie since 2005. But on the scale of its business in public procurement became known not so long ago.
Andrei Krapivin was always nonpublic businessman. He never talked to reporters, did not attend social events, his photographs will not find in the public domain. Moreover, in the "Russian Railways" tenders he preferred to participate through tech companyAnd major assets in Russia through offshore companies to own. According to some media, in 2015. Andrei Krapivin died in Switzerland, and the business moved to his son Alexei.
Krapivin Jr. has long been involved in his father's business projects. Files of the MF database shows part of the business empire Krapivin hidden in offshore. They do not give a complete picture of an extensive network of companies, but can help to get an idea on what kind of transactions do state close friends of the former head of "Russian Railways" Vladimir Yakunin.
What about the business Krapivin already known
In 2014, the Reuters news agency was informed of the bank accounts of several hundred companies, which from 2007 to 2010 received billions of rubles from the "Russian Railways" for government contracts. These companies did not conduct works on tenders, of the money went into offshore, the other - the Russian companies with signs of "ephemeral", and only a remnant was listed real contractors who actually do the work for the "Russian Railways".
The documents handed Russian banker German Gorbuntsov, who fled Russia after the conflict with its business servicesEU partners. He argued that all these companies, there was one group of people headed by Andrei Krapivin. Reuters investigation showed that most of these companies, indeed, won the "Russian Railways" tenders for billions of rubles, while the majority of firms can not be found at the registered office, and the true owners hide their involvement behind front directors who do not have any idea about the company's activities. One of the founders of formal confirmed that the actual owner of the company was Andrei Krapivin.
In the same year, "Elephant" has analyzed all tenders posted on the site "Russian Railways" for the years 2012 and 2013. According to calculations of the publication, only two years the company Krapivina and his closest business partners can get from a state monopoly to 200 billion rubles.
Documents of "Novaya Gazeta" Krapivin suggests communication with at least 11 companies from Panama, the British Virgin Islands and the US state of Delaware.
The activities of some of them do not know anything - for example, it is not clear what activities are companies incorporated in the UnitedStates. But there are companies Krapivina and those who work with large global corporations.
"Bombardier Transportation" - global giant in the manufacture of trains and planes. The company is traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange. Like many global corporations, is proud of its high standards of ethics. The company not only joined the "UN Global Compact", which requires from global corporations special attention to environmental issues, respect for human rights and the fight against corruption, but also developed a code of ethics for suppliers - it is assumed that the company's partners can become only those who share "Bombardier" values.
But, as is often the case with global corporations in the Russian values "Bombardier" is severely tested. According to "New", Russian "daughter" of the world's giant signs questionable transactions with offshore companies associated with Alexei Krapivin.
"Bombardier" in Russian
The Corporation provides for the Russian railways microprocessor price systemization and arrows Ebilock-950 signals. The company came to Russia in the late 90s. By the time the domestic developments in the field of automation systems seriously lost to foreign analogues.
Ministry of Railways was looking for a partner who will not only supply the microprocessors, but also be ready to invest in Russia's production of automatic traffic management systems. That partner was "Bombardier". In 1996 he was created a joint venture "Russian Railways" and Canadian company - "Bombardier Transportation (Signal)", the real founder of the part of foreign partners were the Swedish branch of "Bombardier", the main developer Ebilock.
Over the past 15 years, the joint Russian-Swedish company equipped these systems 150 railways stations in Russia. It also works in many countries of the former Soviet Union.
Ebilock production is gradually transferred to Russia, in 2011 the company bought a 50 percent stake in the company "Elteza", which owns five factories for the production of railway automation. Noneat least part of the equipment the Russian company still imports. The path of this equipment from Sweden to Russia somehow passes through the British Virgin Islands and the United Kingdom.
The way money from the Vikings
By studying the documents related to the company Krapivina Rambo Management, «Novaya Gazeta» came across an interesting contract between Rambo and the British company Multiserv Overseas Ltd. Offshore Krapivina sold Multiserv equipment Ebilock-950 production "Bombardier Transportation". Mutliserv also had to put him on the 14 railway stations in Azerbaijan, leading from Baku to the Georgian border.
In 2013, the government of Azerbaijan held a tender to upgrade the automation systems at the site of the railway. The contract worth a total of $ 288 million won by a consortium headed by "Bombardier Transportation". Site works led Russian "Bombardier Transportation (Signal)" by using the Swedish equipment.
It turns out that the Swedish branch of "Bombardier" supplied his own equipment subsidiary for at least two offshore "pads".
Multiserv registered in London in 2010. There is only one fact, which connects this small British company, whose ultimate owners are offshore, with the railways of Russia. The first director of the company was made by Yuri Obodovskii - one of the family of key partners Krapivin.
There is reason to believe that Ebilock-950 equipment supplied by the same route and the broken line in Russia. Thus, according to information received, "Novaya Gazeta", from 2012 to 2014 the Russian "Bombardier Transportation (Signal)" purchased the British Multiserv Overseas Ltd microprocessor equipment centralization Ebilock-950 on the tens of millions of euros. Hundreds of thousands of euros paid in favor Multiserv «Elteza" - "daughter" of Russian "Bombardier".
It turns out that the Swedish branch of "Bombardier" supplied his own equipment subsidiary for at least two offshore "pads"
"Novaya Gazeta" asked "Bombardier Transportation (Signal)" to explain why the equipment is such a long way to go before there from Sweden to Russia. In a telephone conversationCompany officials said that all the information on deliveries Ebilock at hand. Soon, however, it is an official letter to the company: they will not be able to prepare a response, and within 7 days, as required by law.
The Swedish office also did not respond to the query "New".
Billions on "pockets"
Most other offshore companies Krapivin uses as a source of funding for different projects they make loans to various Cypriot entities, including for the acquisition of assets in Russia. Loans - not commercial: the interest on them are low, the borrower does not repay the loan amount on a monthly basis, the terms of the constantly revised - repayment periods are transferred, reduced interest rates.
"This activity is generally typical for offshore companies involved in money laundering. They use a variety of accounts to law enforcement authorities has been difficult to trace the flow of funds, - says Daniel Reeves, who spent 35 years in the US tax office investigating cases involving offshore companies, tax offenses and money laundering. - You Préaux, IndreOlelo one level of secrecy by revealing the final owner of the company, but you immediately have to deal with next. "
Moving funds from one "pocket" to another characteristic of the majority of companies Krapivina - from 2012 to 2015, they passed through more than two hundred thousand dollars.
"They use a variety of accounts to make it harder to trace the movement of funds. You overcame a level of secrecy by revealing ultimate owner, but you immediately have to deal with the following "
Among the loans, there are very interesting. In May 2014 the company issued Gordox 100.5 million dollars to another company from the Virgin Islands to purchase a Cyprus Sterema structure. Around the same time Sterema owns a controlling stake in a major Russian construction company "Bamstroymekhanizatsia", one of the main contractors' project of the century "Vladimir Yakunin - the reconstruction of the BAM.
The Virginia-Baikal Railway
In 2013, Russian President Vladimir Putin has approved the plan of the largest construction projects "RZD" - the reconstruction of the Baikal-Amur Masterand whether the Transsib. This is one of the most ambitious projects initiated by Vladimir Yakunin. The total cost of construction - 562 billion rubles, and if we add to this additional work on the reconstruction of East landfill out of more than 1 trillion rubles costs. All the money comes from the budget.
In 2014 JSC "Russian Railways" held a tender to determine the contractor for the main part of the work. The largest item in the "Russian Railways" history won by a consortium headed by the managing company "Bamstroymekhanizatsia", the bulk of the work should hold a joint stock company with the same name.
PJSC "Bamstroymekhanizatsia" for a long time belonged to the founder, Vasily Tarasenko, but just before the participation in the largest "Russian Railways" contest the change of ownership. Who is the ultimate owner of the construction company that has received billions from the state budget, is hidden in offshore.
The controlling stake in the Cypriot company is Sterema Limited, which in turn is owned by Evling business Inc, registered in the British Virgin Islands. About the ultimate owner is not knownBut, according to the documents available to the "Novaya Gazeta", the money to buy the Russian company has received from the company Evling Krapivina Bush. Krapivin has been linked to several other companies, controlling the largest construction contractors "Russian Railways".
In fact Krapivina part in the construction of BAM can be more ambitious. For contracts we received two more structures ( "Energomontazh" and "Transtroymontazh"), which are the owners of Cyprus companies. At various times he acted Krapivin ultimate owner of almost every one of them. But then it took possession in a closed jurisdictions - the British Isles, to Belize or Panama. The documents, obtained by "Novaya Gazeta" ultimate owners of these companies are not traced.
Alexei Krapivin refused to answer the questions of "Novaya Gazeta".