Breath in the exhaust gases

The Ministry of Natural Resources named the cities of Russia with the most polluted air.
16.4 million people in Russia breathe polluted air - such data are given in the state report of the Ministry of Natural Resources "On Environmental Protection". The most dangerous cities for living were, in particular, Krasnoyarsk, Magnitogorsk and Norilsk. The total amount of emissions to the atmosphere continues to grow: in 2016 it amounted to 31.6 million tons (1.1% more than a year earlier). At the same time, the most pollution from industrial facilities is in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, the capital region is the leader in motor vehicle emissions.

In cities with a high level of air pollution, 16.4 million people live, which is 15% of Russia's urban population, according to the annual environmental report of the Ministry of Natural Resources. The residents of Buryatia, the Khabarovsk Territory and the Taimyr Autonomous District suffer the most from air pollution - in these regions more than 75% of the urban population "is under the influence of high and very high air pollution." The cities with the highest degree of air pollution are steel, in particular, Birobidzhan, Blagoveshchensk, Bratsk, Krasnoyarsk, Magnitogorsk, Norilsk and Chita. So, according to the research, in Krasnoyarsk and Magnitogorsk exceeded the maximum allowable concentration of pollutants by 30 times. As told "Kommersant" in the Ministry of Natural Resources, they are "focused special attention of Rosprirodnadzor", in particular, the inspectors of the service constantly conduct "raid night checks" of enterprises to identify violations.

At the same time, the total amount of emissions to the atmosphere continues to grow - in 2016 it amounted to 31.6 million tons, which is 1.1% more than in 2015, according to the report. Stationary sources (that is, industrial facilities) account for 17.3 million tons of polluting substances (0.3% more than in 2015), about 14.1 million tons for road transport (2.1% increase). The largest amount of air emissions from industry was recorded in the Krasnoyarsk Territory (2.4 million tonnes), Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area (1.4 million tonnes), Kemerovo (1.3 million tonnes) and Sverdlovsk (0.9 million tonnes) , they say in the Ministry of Natural Resources. The most "clean" were Ingushetia, Sevastopol, Kabardino-Balkaria, but even in these regions, the Ministry of Natural Resources noted an increase in the amount of pollution.

According to the indicator of environmental damage from motor transport, the capital region is still in the lead: "emissions account for almost half of all road transport emissions of the Central Federal District and about one-eighth of the total Russian level." According to the research, in 2016, Moscow and the Moscow region accounted for about 1.8 million tons. Earlier in Rospotrebnadzor it was reported that up to 80% of air pollution in large cities falls on cars (see "Kommersant" on January 23).

Tatiana Chestina, head of the Ecological Movement of the ECA, notes that the measures that are already being implemented in other countries could reduce the amount of emissions from vehicles: "Development of convenient and affordable public transport, including an increase in its ecological class, the transition to the Euro-6 standard, which already operates in Europe, the restriction on entry to the center, other measures to encourage the refusal to use personal vehicles. " Also, she said, "it could be solutions in the sharing economy model - the development of the karchering, the services of the carpool (shared use) of the taxi - which shows a good effect of reducing emissions." "Speaking about industry, one of the measures is an accelerated transition to the principles of the best available technologies, the terms of which are constantly postponed and revised," adds Ms. Chestina.