Eduard Limonov fell from Strasbourg 195 thousand euros

The ECHR awarded Eduard Limonov compensation for the fine in the suit of Yuri Luzhkov.
Origin source
The European Court of Human Rights awarded 19.5 thousand euros of compensation to the leader of the banned National Bolshevik Party and the organizer of the March of Dissent, Eduard Limonov. He complained about the decision of the Babushkinsky court of Moscow, which in 2007 fined him 500 thousand rubles for saying that Moscow courts were controlled by Mayor Yuri Luzhkov.

“The Strasbourg court collected documents on Limonov’s complaint,” Interfax reported on November 1, 2010. The news stated that the lawyer of the writer Dmitry Agranovsky “did not begin to speculate in what time frame the European Court will decide on Limonov’s complaint.” The defender knowingly refrained from making forecasts: the ECHR considered the complaint No. 29088/08 Savenko v Russia only in the fall of 2019 - 11 and a half years after it was filed in June 2008.


2007 is the time of the protesting “Dissenters' Marches” uniting the Russian opposition. The National Bolshevik Party was then a member of a broad coalition called the Other Russia. The leader of the NBP, Eduard Limonov, led her on equal terms with the liberals Garry Kasparov and Mikhail Kasyanov. “That's really a wonderful three! It was obvious that something had changed: maybe not even Limonov himself, but his place on the political stage, ”the writer’s biographer Emmanuel Carrer was surprised. And he immediately quoted a colleague-journalist: “If he ever gets to power, he will first shoot them all.”

But the authorities reached Limonov first: in the spring of 2007, the party with the declared number of 56 thousand people was recognized as extremist and banned. The NBP then wanted to participate in the elections to the State Duma, but did not achieve official registration in the Ministry of Justice, and responded with refusal by colorful actions, which gave a formal reason for the ban.

On April 4, a couple of weeks before the party was banned, Limonov, on the air of the “Final Release” broadcast of Radio Liberty, commented on the decision of the Tver Court, which approved the ban on the next “March of Dissent” in Moscow. The writer imprudently remarked: “Moscow courts are controlled by Luzhkov. Here we should expect some kind of miracle ... In general, anti-clerical decisions were never made in Moscow courts. ” Yuri Luzhkov, whose retirement from the post of Moscow mayor was still two years old, reacted sharply to Limonov’s words and filed a lawsuit in Moscow court to protect honor and dignity.


Luzhkov’s lawsuit was filed with the Babushkinsky court in Moscow in the fall of 2007. Limonov’s mood is read by the headlines of his November articles: “Everything is very serious,” “Stop snotting to chew,” “Every throat will be needed.” “The mayor wants to recover 500 thousand rubles from me. In my opinion, the mayor has had enough, ”the writer explained. “I have a dependent sick mother with paralyzed legs in Ukraine and two children.”

Judge Tatyana Chernysheva who examined the lawsuit heard six witnesses. “Witnesses Galkin, Burakov, Tyulenev, Skvortsov, Chechel and Yezerskaya brought their pain and disappointment to the tiny courtroom in Moscow and the living conditions in Moscow,” the writer said. “The testimonies of these people opened the curtain on the sea of ​​human misfortunes, and, I confess, it was sometimes hard to listen to, hard to be in the hall.” Chernysheva sided with the “king of the suit,” as the magazine “Power” called Luzhkov, and fined 500 Limonov and Radio Liberty for 500 thousand rubles.

The events of a decade ago this year rhyme especially well with the news of the Russian political agenda. In the summer, the Investigative Committee attempted to investigate a criminal case under an exotic article on obstructing the work of election commissions (Article 141 of the Criminal Code), according to which in 2007, activists of the NBP were tried in the Moscow Region. In the fall, opposition leaders were ordered through the courts to pay multimillion-dollar fines for lawsuits by public and private organizations, which considered protests to be a hindrance to their work.

The next two months were not easy for the NBP leader. November 14 - 500 thousand fine. December 2 - State Duma elections won by United Russia. December 10 - Yuri Chervochkin, a severely beaten national bolshevik, dies in Serpukhov near Moscow. December 24 is the last “March of Dissent”, all leaders are severely detained. February 7 - the decision of the Babushkinsky court was approved by the Moscow City Court.

However, Limonov quickly figured out how to save face by formally fulfilling the claimant's claim: he announced the collection of trifles for a fine. “Help a poor writer, but an honest man, pay the mayor,” he wrote. - All but the poorest, probably have banks where copper coins are collected. Please donate your copper pennies to Mr. Luzhkov. We will give him what he has sued in no case under his control of the court, but we will give it with copper, a trifle. This will be our silent social protest with you: five hundred thousand rubles a trifle. ”


“Radio Liberty” a couple of months later issued a refutation of Limonov’s words, which the court recognized as “untrue, discrediting the honor, dignity and business reputation of Moscow Mayor Yuri Mikhailovich Luzhkov”. The adventures of the writer himself, meanwhile, were just beginning.

“Then the bailiffs came to describe Eduard’s property,” recalls Limonov’s long-time comrade Nikolai Avdyushenkov in an interview with Mediazone. “They described, in my opinion, a table, books and a typewriter from him there - but they didn’t seize anything, because these are means of production.”

“On Thursday, I will take a copy of the inventory from them and I will understand what they estimated. So far I only know the total value of my property - 14,850 rubles, ”Limonov boasted of his asceticism. He asked for an installment plan, but was refused.

“We thought: the mayor demands money from the writer, like a beggar with a cap, and since everyone Luzhkov knows as a man with a cap, we decided to do like this,” says Avdyushenkov. - We decided to make a cap from the old [Limonka newspapers], and a trifle - Eduard wrote at home, like, I won’t pay him anything, let the Muscovites, if they want, will pay him a trifle. All the little thing that’s on the video is that Muscovites brought Edward. ”

On the video, activists of Limonov’s new party “Other Russia” and the “Change” movement (the faces of the future person involved in the “swamp business” Konstantin Lebedev and blogger Stanislav Yakovlev are guessing) poured small coins into the huge black “cap” at the door of the city hall. “I made a cap from old“ Lemons, ”such as papier-mâché,” adds Avdyushenkov. - They did not discuss with Edward [preparation for the action]; said: "Edward, give a trifle."

Police detained one protester, but soon released him.

A complaint

“The applicant, Eduard Veniaminovich Savenko, a Russian citizen, was born in 1943 and lives in Moscow. The applicant is a writer published under the pseudonym of Limonov, and a prominent opposition politician, ”the author submits to the Court.

“The case of Savenko v. Russia was brought before the European Court on June 2, 2008 and is awaiting a decision from June 18,” a spokeswoman for the court told RIA Novosti. “Unfortunately, the number of cases awaiting a decision is now approaching 100 thousand, and the time limit for making a decision is three years.”

The ECHR demanded materials from Limonov’s complaint even faster, exactly two years later. Decisions had to wait another nine years. Little has changed during this time: the case of the murder of Chervochkin has not yet been opened, United Russia still holds a majority in the Duma - however, Yuri Luzhkov was replaced by Sergei Sobyanin.

As a result, in its decision, the ECHR indicated a violation of the right to freedom of expression (Article 10 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Freedoms) and awarded Limonov compensation of 19.5 thousand euros.