Eastern Siberia is increasingly strengthened in the status of a joint condominium Moscow and Beijing. On Monday, Vladimir Putin launched in Yakutia build a gas pipeline to China "Power of Siberia" and blessed part CNPC China National Petroleum Corporation in the share capital of the hydrocarbon Vankor field in the Turukhansk district of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. Now it is developed "Rosneft". It is not simply the scale of the Russian deposit explored in the last quarter of a century, it has a working oil field, one of the largest and quality.
Today we are talking about non-controlling, minority participation in Vankor CNPC (no more than 10 percent). But it is. "We are generally very careful approach to the admission of our foreign partners, but of course for our Chinese friends there are no restrictions," - said the President of the Russian vice-premier of the State Council of China Zhang Gaoli.
Undoubtedly, this is a new milestone in the development of Siberia. Kremlin for the first time allows foreigners to mineral resources on such a rich and already working field. Before it was either much less ambitious projectOr complex projects, offshore, require foreign technology and expertise. Although, of course, the further development of the Vankor group of fields is impossible without investment, he Vankor does not require, in principle, the foreign participation - neither money nor technology, nor the personnel, - it crudely, a very fat piece of cake, a hole from which smoothly poured oil : in fact, to have been so invested nearly $ 5 billion. Moreover, I remind you, Igor Sechin said on the absence of "Rosneft" problems with the financing of ongoing projects and the ability to do a long time without additional credit lines.
"Rosneft" is in talks with CNPC on its participation - as a shareholder - has a number of hydrocarbon projects. Obviously, such a rapprochement with the Chinese partners due to financial sanctions of the West, "Rosneft" still need money for development and debt repayment, measured in trillions of rubles. Well, what can still be a need for gutting a chicken that lays golden eggs? It is not for the same scheduled this deal's CNPC, that by presenting Chinas as a "bona fide purchaser" to avoid litigation with Khodorkovsky? The struggle for the Vankor "Rosneft" and Yukos largely determined the fate of Khodorkovsky.
Interestingly, in the Krasnoyarsk Territory news had not noticed; no triumphant reports, nor crying about the conquest of Siberia, China. Similarly, everything happens on the moon, but not at home. And this indifference, in general, is clear: the Siberians themselves from putting the Chinese hydrocarbon assets neither cold nor hot. And that's why.
Young Krasnoyarsk, as white-collar workers, and blue, leaving for the United Arab Emirates, Dubai. They live and work there, open up businesses. Alexei Grigoriev, Alexander Arkhipov. Yes, a lot of them. Dubai artificial artificial island in the sea, ski resort in the desert, in the same gardens, skyscrapers - the highest in the world and the world's first rotating ...
What am I? Yes, the fact that Dubai has, for example, there is a metro and Krasnoyarsk - no. At the same time in the Vankor field in the Krasnoyarsk region is extracted 21.4 million tons of oil per year. In fact, had already planned to go to 25 million. In any case, it is many times more than in the Emirate of Dubai. There is a maximum level of production & mdash; 5 million tons. Well, in Dubai, and the cost of production is lower about three times. That is, the oil in Krasnoyarsk and Dubai should give comparable profit. And the population of the emirate of Dubai in about the same amount as in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, a little less. At the same time, I remind you, the Krasnoyarsk Territory - this is 40% of world production of platinum group metals, one-fifth of the world's nickel market, the tenth - cobalt. Even aluminum, copper, wood, electricity and so on. And the Krasnoyarsk Territory - the leader in Russia among regions on the public debt (by 100 billion rubles), the leader in the number of families standing in line for a place for a child in kindergarten ... List of the phenomena of poverty and insecurity can last a long time.
Dubai - a fantastic city, and Krasnoyarsk with its crumbling almost after every rain the walls of the August and communications - also fantastic. Or Igarka - the closest to the Vankor, 140 km, the city where the flock shift workers and where they are sent to the field. Permanent devastation, dancing, lopsided houses, ejected permafrost and sink to hell ... or Taishet, the starting point of the ESPO pipeline to bring inItay flows Vankor oil - the area is quite infernal, fried smell of sulfur and other fumes whether most of the underworld, or a giant industrial zone, which is easy to get lost: pipe sticking up and go down, crawling through thick mud in all directions; endless railway siding (here comes not only ESPO and Baikal-Amur Mainline); dead field, trampled to death by land, through the city and bubbling creek champs Krutenky (aka shitty) in color divorce. This space is filled with a vague fixed smokes, it velis acid forever. This is the reverse side of oil as an energy superpower. The former capital of several islands of the Gulag - YuzhLAGa, TayshetLAGa and from 1949 - the famous Ozerlag, which contained political.
Here and now man - louse, it is necessary for maintenance of the infrastructure set up to pump raw resources; All local life is structured by it and none underneath something else.
Vankor opened in 1988. The license to develop the field the company has received "Eniseineft", 59% of which in the early 90's got a registeredCyprus Anglo Siberian Oil Company (later the company buys "Rosneft"). And before that, from Vankor will overcome series of Shell British-Dutch, French-Belgian TotalFinaElf (Governor Alexander Khloponin assured that everything is done for "Eniseineft" French entry in the main shareholder rights), well, then, in fact, Yukos. The Vankor organic minerals have got "Rosneft". At the same time, I note Khodorkovsky corporation and held on while the various points of view in the way of oil transportation. Yukos lobbied for the construction of an oil pipeline to China, "Rosneft" - a pipeline from Angarsk to Nakhodka. As a result, a plan was implemented Khodorkovsky. But he - he wanted to do their own and borrowed resources. The project has come, in fact, the state, giving to cut the amount many times greater.
Since August 2009, Vankor launched. The government strongly promotes this business - due to the budget. At the end of 2009, Vankor zeroed duty, and in this mode, he worked until June of 2010 and then operated a reduced rate. There are calculations which incomes have dropped out of the budget of the Russian Federation (120-150 billion rubles annually), But I do not think that they are correct. The Chinese - China oil, «Daughter" state corporation CNPC, - always bought Vankor oil through off-market price, far less. But what about this sad state corporation: You can always find understanding in the Kremlin, and to compensate for losses.
From the Letter to Shareholders head of "Rosneft" Igor Sechin, the Board of Directors: "Rosneft" has continued to participate actively in the development of amendments to the current system of taxation of the oil industry. The most significant result for the company in 2009 was the creation of the system at the legislative level, allowing to introduce preferential export duties on oil produced in a number of fields in Eastern Siberia. "
The main trick is that he Vankor is not in remote eastern Siberia, he - on the left bank of the Yenisei River, between the rivers Yenisey and Taz, is Pur-Taz region, and oil and gas West Siberian oil and gas province.
When the benefit is over, the governor of the Krasnoyarsk Territory - by the time they become eternal deputy and successor, Lev Kuznetsov Khloponin - Personalto ask Putin to renew it. In November 2010, the Russian government preferential Vankor export duty once again extended. Not him alone - otherwise it would look at all unattractive, and again among the 22 fields in Eastern Siberia. However, the semantic (and financial) burden these preferences have had it for Vankor.
Even during the governor Khloponin, in 2008, oil producers gave marginal benefit - reduced the income tax rate (13.5%). Later, the deputies found that Vankor, taking advantage of privilege, underpaid in the Territory budget of 4% of the total taxes.
Now it will be even, and Chinese business.