From Alexei Kuznetsov to Alexander Reimer: nine secret Russian billionaires

The servants of the people, in whom the investigators found amounts of more than 1 billion rubles.
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A rare week has been doing without the detention of another high-ranking official, security official or top manager of a state-owned company. The bribes and theft presented to him, as well as the amounts under arrest, often cannot fail to impress. We decided to compile a list of corruption cases, ranking them according to the amount of illegal income at the time of the crime (according to the investigation or by a court decision). Only former and current civil servants and managers of state enterprises got into our selection, the trials of which did not begin until 2000, when the vertical of power began to take shape in its current form. According to the investigation, it was the state service that gave all the participants of our list the opportunity to become ruble billionaires. More information about secret billionaires from high-profile criminal cases of the era of the current president - in our gallery.

Former Finance Minister of the Moscow Region Alexei Kuznetsov. The amount - 14 billion rubles ($ 482.7 million at the exchange rate at the end of 2008)

According to investigators, the ex-minister, together with his accomplices, from 2005 to 2008, turned a number of scams and stole billions of rubles from the budget of the Moscow region.

In particular, the former official participated in the creation of the Rosveb company, to which the region transferred liquid assets, after which Rosweb was sold for 7 billion rubles, and the money from the deal went to Cyprus offshore companies controlled by Kuznetsov and another accused.

Another episode incriminated to the ex-minister is buying up the debts of 16 utility companies and obtaining a loan of 2 billion rubles for them at Vneshtorgbank Retail Services guaranteed by the region.

Investigators claim that the numerous schemes of the defendants in the case, to which Kuznetsov’s wife Zhanna Bullock also belongs, together allowed them to steal at least 14 billion rubles. This amount can still be adjusted.

After a criminal case was opened in 2008, Kuznetsov left Russia. In 2013, a fugitive official was detained in France, and in January 2019 he was extradited to Moscow. The ex-minister is kept in the Kremlin Central remand prison. He was charged with fraud, misappropriation of another's property and legalization of funds obtained by criminal means (Art. 159, 160 and 174.1 of the Criminal Code).

Back in 2014, in St. Petersburg, the FSB officers found a cache with objects of art, which, according to their information, belonged to Bullock. In the cache were antique furniture and 113 paintings by famous artists, as well as several boxes of rare books. All these items are deposited in the Hermitage.

Kuznetsov insists on his own innocence. The investigation of the case continues.

Former top manager of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Almazyuvelirexport" Viktor Afonin. The amount - 5.5 billion rubles ($ 171 million at the exchange rate at the end of 2011)

According to the investigation, Afonin, in conjunction with his brother Boris, from 2008 to 2011, concluded with the International Joint-Stock Bank (IAB) loan agreements for 5.5 billion rubles. According to the materials of the case, Afonin took loans from IAB against the guarantees of the FSUE “Almazyuvelirexport” deposit to his front companies. As a result, the amount of loans transferred to the accounts of companies under his control and cashed.

The ex-manager of the state enterprise pleaded guilty, so the court hearings were held in a special order. In February 2019, the Moscow Savelovsky court found Afonin guilty of especially large-scale fraud and sentenced him to four years in prison.

Former head of the Serpukhov District of the Moscow Region Alexander Shestun. The amount - 10 billion rubles ($ 156.2 million at the exchange rate at the end of April 2019)

Shestun is accused of taking bribes for 9 million rubles and illegally selling 10.3 hectares of land in the village of Borisovo at a cost 100 times lower than the market price - for 628,000 instead of 62 million rubles.

The former head of the Serpukhov district himself claims that he suffered for political convictions because of his refusal to resign under pressure. Two months before his arrest, Shestun published a conversation recorded with a hidden voice recorder with the head of the K department of the FSB Ivan Tkachev and the head of the internal policy department of the presidential administration Andrei Yarin, during which both interlocutors persuaded Shestun to resign. Criminal case - revenge Tkachev, sure the former head of the district.

Shestaun's acquaintance with Tkachev has been dragging on at least since 2011, when the first participated in the operational design of the Moscow region prosecutors in the case of instigating underground casinos, and the second led the operational work.

The Prosecutor General’s Office found the property of Shestun, recorded for his relatives and nominees, in the amount of over 10 billion rubles, and filed a lawsuit for confiscation with the Krasnogorsk City Court. According to the materials of the case, it was about 750 properties, including 654 land plots in Serpukhov district, and 43 luxury cars. Also, the prosecutor's office claimed that Shestun was the actual owner of the park-hotel "Drakino" and the recreation center "Bear Den". All property has been confiscated by court order.

Chestun is in custody. The investigation of the case continues.

Colonel MIA Dmitry Zakharchenko. The amount is 9.5 billion rubles (almost $ 150 million at the exchange rate for September 2016)

The former head of the T department of the Main Directorate for Economic Security and Anti-Corruption of the Ministry of Internal Affairs is accused of a whole series of corruption crimes - extorting bribes from the owner of the elite fish restaurant La Maree Medi Doussa, receiving money from the former head of Rusinzhiniring Anatoly Przhegornitskiy, and countering to the investigation (according to the prosecution, Zakharchenko warned the owners of the bankrupt Note-Bank about the forthcoming check).

However, the case of the colonel became widely known after investigators found nearly 9 billion rubles in different currencies in the apartment of the policeman’s sister on Lomonosovsky Prospect. Neither Zakharchenko nor his relatives could explain the origin of the money. As a result, the Prosecutor General’s Office considered the funds illegally acquired property and appealed to the Nikulinsky Court of Moscow with a claim for confiscation.

In the lawsuit, prosecutors also asked to turn in favor of the state and other property of the Zakharchenko family, recorded for relatives, girlfriends and the former colonel’s wife - only 13 apartments, 14 parking spaces, four cars (two Mercedes-Benz and two Porsche Cayenne GTS) and half a kilo of gold.

The claim was satisfied in December 2017. And in April 2019, investigators and prosecutors found several more accounts and real estate properties of the “secret billionaire”. After that, the court considered and granted the second appeal of the prosecutor's office to the relatives of the colonel - this time at 484 million rubles.

In parallel with this lawsuit, the Gagarinsky Court of Moscow sought 380 million rubles from the family of Zakharchenko’s friend, former FSB colonel Dmitry Senin. Senin himself is on the run, and Zakharchenko is on the dock. His case is considered Presnensky court of the capital.

Former employee of the Department for Combating Organized Crime of the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for the Moscow Region Yuri Shcherbakov The amount - 1.25 billion rubles ($ 41.9 million at the exchange rate at the end of November 2009)

The ex-operative of the Moscow Region Organized Crime Control Department tried to receive under fictitious instructions 1.25 billion rubles belonging to the Pension Fund of Russia.

In November 2009, Shcherbakov and his associates submitted fake documents to the Central Bank, and the money went first to the account of the front company to the Kuban Bank, and then in six tranches to the accounts of various companies, including Cyprus offshore companies.

However, after only three days, the money was returned, and the scammers were detained. In 2011, Shcherbakov was sentenced to 6.5 years in a penal colony. He admitted his guilt, so the hearing was held in a special order.

Former head of the Federal Penitentiary Service Alexander Reimer. Amount - 1.2 billion rubles ($ 39.6 million at the exchange rate at the end of 2012)

The former head of the Federal Penitentiary Service is already serving his term - eight years in prison - for a major fraud with a government order. In June 2017, the Zamoskvoretsky Court of Moscow found Reymer guilty of fraud. The damage from his actions by investigators is estimated at 2.7 billion rubles. Sam Reimer and other persons involved in the case, according to the prosecution, stole more than 1.2 billion rubles from this amount.

According to the verdict of the court, Reimer gave the contract for the production of electronic bracelets for the prisoners to the firm under his control - Meta LLC. After that, the cost of one bracelet increased 10 times - up to 120,000 rubles. The firm was carried out in documents as a branch of one of the FSIN FSUE - the Center for Information Technology Support and Communications (CITOS) - and entered into a contract for the production of equipment without competition.

Raymer did not admit his guilt. His lawyers in court insisted that Meta’s developments were the most efficient on the market, and the bracelets were based on the Russian GLONASS satellite navigation system, while competitors' bracelets used GPS.

Former investigator of the Investigative Committee at the Prosecutor's Office Roman Ruslanov. Amount - 1 billion rubles ($ 33 ​​million at the exchange rate at the end of 2012)

Former deputy head of the Investigative Committee at the Prosecutor’s Office for the city of Lyubertsy, from 2009 to 2012, he stole 300 hectares of land in the Moscow region.

The prosecution claims that the former prosecutor’s office forged the ownership of land on the front owners and registered their rights in Rosreestr, and then sold the land.

Investigators estimate the total cost of the stolen land at 1 billion rubles. Since 2012, Ruslanov has been on the run and has been put on the international wanted list.

Former head of the Republic of Komi, Vyacheslav Gaizer. The amount is about 1 billion rubles ($ 26 million at the weighted average rate in 2014)

The former head of the Komi administration, according to the investigators, caused the region nearly 3.3 billion rubles in damage. According to the materials of the case, we are talking about frauds with shares of a profitable enterprise, the Zelenskaya poultry farm.

However, the investigators consider only 1 billion rubles directly stolen. According to their calculations, Gaiser managed to legalize 988.5 million rubles.

Now the ex-head of the region is in the dock, he is charged with creating and managing a criminal community, which included at least 14 other defendants in the case, as well as large-scale fraud, taking bribes and money laundering. The property of the Gaiser family - including the apartment of his wife in Moscow and Syktyvkar and the land plot (6 acres) in Komi - is under arrest and can be recovered by a court sentence.

The prosecutor has already requested a harsh term for the ex-head of Komi - 21 years in prison. In the near future Zamoskvoretsky court of Moscow will pass a sentence.

Former Governor of the Sakhalin Region Alexander Khoroshavin. The amount is more than 1 billion rubles ($ 15.9 million at the exchange rate at the end of March 2015)

Khoroshavin was detained right on the job in March 2015. According to investigators, he created for local businessmen the conditions under which they were forced to pay him "kickbacks". So, for example, occurred at the conclusion of a contract for the construction of the fourth power unit of the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk CHP, followed from the case file. In total, investigators considered it proved that the former governor received bribes worth 522 million rubles (he must return this amount by a court decision).

In February 2018, the city court of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk sentenced him to 13 years in a penal colony. Khoroshavin was convicted of accepting bribes and legalizing criminal proceeds (sections 290 and 174.1 of the Criminal Code). Now the ex-governor is serving a sentence.

During a search of his home and in the office, investigators found 1 billion rubles in cash in different currencies. Later, the prosecutor's office filed a lawsuit about the confiscation of the money, real estate (four apartments in Moscow, houses in the Moscow region and several other land plots), as well as two Bentley cars. All property was turned to the state as illegally acquired.