Appointments for vice-premiers
Russian President Vladimir Putin invited former vice-premier Dmitry Rogozin, who was not a member of the new government, to head Roskosmos. "I will do everything possible and necessary to justify your trust," the official said in response.
Igor Shuvalov, who served as first vice-premier, the president proposed to become the head of Vnesheconombank (VEB). "Thank you for your trust, we will not fail," Shuvalov promised. Before him, this post was occupied by Sergei Gorkov. Previously, the future appointment of Shuvalov for the post of head of the state bank was reported by RBC's sources in VEB and a federal official. Shortly after the announcement of the appointment of Rogozin and Shuvalov, Putin signed relevant decrees.
The fact that Putin is scheduled to meet on May 24 with Rogozin, RBC previously told a source close to the Kremlin and an interlocutor, surrounded by a former vice-premier. Prior to this, RBC's interlocutors in Roskosmos and the space industry said that Rogozin would become the new CEO of the state corporation.
Sources RBC also reported that the former vice-premier was offered to head Roskosmos with the prospect of its reorganization into a rocket and space holding company. Initially, in the Kremlin, as RBC's interlocutor, close to the presidential administration, explained, in addition to Rogozin's employment in Roskosmos, the option of appointing an ex-vice-premier to the position of an assistant or adviser to the president was considered.
Roskosmos to Rogozin
Prior to Rogozin, Roskosmos was headed by Igor Komarov, 53, who was dismissed on the eve of his birthday. He graduated from the Economics Faculty of the Moscow State University in the 1990s, he worked in the banking sector. From 2002 to 2008, Komarov was Deputy General Director of OJSC MMC Norilsk Nickel, and later became an adviser to the general director of Rostek, Sergei Chemezov. In 2009, Komarov was appointed president of AvtoVAZ, where in 2013 he left for Roskosmos.
Rogozin held the office of the Deputy Prime Minister for the Defense Industry Complex from December 2011. In this post he supervised the first launch in the history from the Vostochny cosmodrome, which was postponed to the day due to the "automatic release of the cyclogram". The second launch was unsuccessful. In the new government, Deputy Prime Minister for the OPK, instead of Rogozin, was Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov.
Previously, the politicians of the St. Petersburg Policy Foundation named Rogozin among the members of the government, whom the society considers "allergens". Experts considered that the deficit of achievements in the space industry, which he oversaw as vice prime minister, is negatively perceived by Russians.
The future of Roskosmos
The source, surrounded by Rogozin, had previously told RBC that Roskosmos "expects great reform". At the same time, the creation of the new structure, according to RBC, was the initiative of the former vice-premier himself. "Rogozin [will be appointed] to space, so that later, when they create a rocket and space holding, make him the head of this structure. The president gave him a chance to correct mistakes made during his work in the military industrial complex, "a source in the military department told RBC.
In March, Izvestiya wrote that the rocket and space holding will unite developers and manufacturers of all types of missile weapons, as well as civilian carriers, satellites and spacecraft. In its structure, the publication reported, the Roskosmos state corporation, Almaz-Antei and RTI RTI Systems, as well as Tactical Missile Arms, should enter. The idea of creating a new mega-corporation, according to Izvestia, really belonged to Rogozin.
The source of RBC in the space industry confirmed that together with the appointment of Rogozin, an order could be formed to create a holding structure of Roskosmos with the merger of Tactical Missile Armament Corporation (TWR). "At the same time, they are not talking about Almaz-Antey so seriously," he said. "That is, Rogozin's appointment will not just take place, but an appointment with some tasks."
According to the interlocutor of RBC, Rogozin's strength is "a large-scale thinking and readiness for ambitious projects." This corresponds to Putin's mission of flying Russian missions to the Moon and Mars, RBC's interlocutor concluded.
Almaz-Antey is a rocket corporation, its joint work with Roskosmos will only have a positive effect, believes Oleg Mukhin, vice-president of the Russian Cosmonautics Federation. "In addition to rocket technology, there are also electronics, and a tip, and a lot of other directions. They can be applicable in other firms, "explained Mukhin.
Rogozin's appointment to Roskosmos is a kind of "last chance" for him, political consultant Dmitry Fetisov believes. In his opinion, "the lag in the" Roscosmos "even on the Martian program from NASA is so huge that the principle" there will not be worse "already works here. "If Rogozin manages to show himself in a new place, then he can return to the government, if not, then he will retire to an honorable pension," the expert said. The creation of a rocket and space holding company is the strengthening of Roskosmos resources, which in theory should help to break the gap from NASA, Fetisov is convinced.
Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics. KE Tsiolkovsky, Andrey Ionin, told RBC that the merger was "a movement within the world trends and the use of global experience." "The main goal of the association is to ensure defense capability. Since all three companies operate in the global market, it is necessary to ensure competitiveness. The task is also to diversify the military industries both for the production of civilian products and for export. Such tasks are easier to solve within the framework of large structures, as leading global companies have been doing for a long time, "he explained.
Ionin noted that the creation of a large structure is "a very difficult administrative task," for which a person with experience and an administrative resource "who understands what weapons and space" is needed is necessary. But the merger has risks, says Ionin: the united holding, due to objective reasons, will shift towards technologies related to ensuring defense security.