The government could not agree on new measures to support the oil industry. Disagreements remain between officials, and the largest companies vying with each other lobby their interests. The most radical position is traditionally held by the state Rosneft: its head, Igor Sechin, asks Vladimir Putin for unprecedented tax breaks worth 145 billion rubles. in year.
At a meeting with Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich on February 27, officials and oil workers again tried to agree on measures to stimulate oil refining, the profitability of which worsened the tax maneuver in the industry, sources told Kommersant. As one of the main options for supporting the refinery, a reverse excise tax has been discussed for a long time (refunding part of the cost of producing oil products). Almost all parties support the idea, but the decision can not be finally approved.
The main disagreement is the Finance Ministry's condition for zeroing the export duty on oil. Ministry of Energy and oil industry are against this. As stated in the letter of the first deputy energy minister Alexei Texler to Mr. Dvorkovich on February 22 ("Kommersant" got acquainted with the contents of this and the letters listed below), it is necessary to help the refineries due to the tightening of the customs regime and unplanned increase of excises against the background of the crisis, and the tax burden on the industry since 2010 it has grown by 1.4 trillion rubles. Instead of canceling the export duty, the Ministry of Energy offers targeted incentives - support for "system-forming" refineries that supply the Russian market with fuel. Also, the ministry says that the current level of revenues to road funds and the "customs subsidy" (the difference between duties on oil and oil products) of the refinery remain unchanged in the absence of pressure on fuel prices. State support, Mr. Texler clarifies, it is advisable to provide on a return basis (investment tax credit, FNB funds, etc.).
Meanwhile, oil companies are trying to use the situation - each to solve their own problems. Kommersant learned that the most radical was Rosneft, which, recently, the private AFK Sistema had paid out 100 billion rubles: on February 8, the head of the state company, Igor Sechin, asked Vladimir Putin for tax incentives immediately for 145 billion rubles. per year (may include reverse excise). To coordinate the introduction of incentives, he proposed with a partial transition to the tax on additional income (NDM) instead of the current MET, but how exactly, the letter does not specify. The reform should be launched on 35 pilot projects of oil companies in 2019, the NDM will be levied not on the volume of production, but on oil revenues, net of duty, reduced MET and expenses. Igor Sechin explains his request by an unequal position of the refinery near the border and within the country. The letter notes that support is needed for an oil refinery with a capacity of 85 million tons.
According to "Kommersant", Vladimir Putin instructed the government to study Mr. Sechin's ideas, and the Energy Ministry has already spoken out against their implementation. The linking of incentives to the introduction of NDM is inexpedient, the Ministry of Energy said in response to the president's instructions.