In Moscow, employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the FSB liquidated a large obnalny site. Over the ten years of existence, members of an organized criminal group, which included at least 50 people, helped businessmen put about 40 billion rubles into the shadow turnover, including for the purchase of large lots of beer. The underground financiers themselves earned more than 4 billion rubles on this.
The investigative and operational measures were carried out by the officers of the GUEBiPK Ministry of Internal Affairs together with the Moscow security officers and the Russian Guard at the same time in Moscow, Moscow, Saratov and Yaroslavl regions, as well as the Komi Republic. A total of searches went to 65 addresses. More than 130 fictitious firms, more than 100 telephones that they used for operational management of bank accounts, 45 electronic keys to the Bank-client system, financial documents, and electronic storage media were seized from the suspects. Police officers and KGB officers detained 50 people, six of whom, at the request of the investigation, were sent to the Moscow Nikulinsky district court to pre-trial detention centers, several were sentenced to house arrest, and 13 more were released on bail and proper behavior. Moreover, the operatives had to travel to several regions for several persons involved, where they not only lived, but also looked for new customers for the cash-out site.
According to the Department of Internal Affairs in the Western District of Moscow, which instituted criminal proceedings against the defendants under Part 2 of Art. 172 and Art. 210 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (illegal banking and participation in the criminal community), members of the group were engaged in illegal cashing of funds for ten years. Frauds were carried out through the settlement accounts of fictitious organizations opened in various capital banks. According to some reports, one of the members of the criminal group was a former employee of Sberbank.
Dozens of clients were dozens of capital and nonresident medium-sized commercial firms that pumped about 300 million rubles a month through them.
Entrepreneurs paid between 11% and 15% for each transaction for services. Thus, according to law enforcement officers, over the entire period of their activity, cash-in workers could withdraw about 40 billion rubles into the shadow turnover, and they themselves earned more than 4 billion rubles from this. At the same time, clandestine financiers did not experience a shortage of clients - every year the number of people wishing to use their services only grew.
The investigation considers the capital businessman Roman Shirinyan to be the organizer of the criminal scheme. Previously, he was the founder and head of four companies registered in different areas of the Moscow region. To date, they have all been eliminated. In contrast, the alleged accomplices are listed as heads of existing firms that are engaged in cargo transportation, beer trading, cleaning of premises and so on.
It should be noted that during the interrogations, several defendants went to cooperate with the investigation and confessed, including to the organizer of the criminal business.
As Kommersant already said, Sergey Magin is considered the largest shadow businessman in this market. In 2013, he was caught by the subordinates of the former head of the GUEBiPK Denis Sugrobov, who was later convicted of creating an organized criminal community. The Moscow Presnensky District Court of Moscow charged Sergey Magin with the illegal cashing of 122 billion rubles, sentencing him at the end of 2016 to eight and a half years in prison. Sergey Magin was released on parole in March this year.