According to the new rules, quotas are distributed through auctions. Now they give out for 15 years, and the term of fulfillment of obligations has been increased to 5 years. These changes occurred right after the RRPK became interested in catching crab in the Far East. First, the business of the so-called “crab king” Oleg Kahn, the main market player in crab mining in Russia, was defeated. The entrepreneur fled from prosecution to Korea, and his ships were arrested. After the discussion, a change in legislation began, which ended on May 1 with the signing of the law by Vladimir Putin.
After that, the media drew attention to a possible conflict of interest between the RRPK and Rosrybolovstvo. The fact is that the current deputy head of the department Petr Savchuk used to work as a top manager in the RRPK, which turned out to be the main beneficiary as a result of the adoption of the law. By a strange coincidence, at the same time, the RRPK was able to avoid a routine inspection of the Rosrybolovstvo all fishing companies.
“We didn’t have to check the indicated companies, as they carry out fishing in the exclusively economic zone and are checked by the border service. We check only those who damage aquatic biological resources in inland waters and the territorial sea, ”Ilya Shestakov, head of the Federal Agency for Fishery, commented on this coincidence.
In the Kamchatka Territory, the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation found out that officials of the Northeastern Territorial Administration of the Federal Agency for Fishery issued permission to catch pollock for the entire calendar year, without taking into account the time limits for fishing. The head of the Interregional Rosrybolovstvo Alexander Khristenko received several submissions from the prosecutor's office, but ignored the claims of the department. Then the Prosecutor General's Office began to sue with the management of the agency, but lost until the case reached the Supreme Court. The latter canceled all decisions of the Kamchatka courts, and recognized the actions of the regional Rosrybolovstvo illegal.
Indigenous peoples of Kamchatka repeatedly complained about Rosrybolovstvo. In February 2019, they wrote a letter to President Vladimir Putin, claiming that the agency allegedly refused to issue fishing permits in their native land. However, the source PASMI believes that the problem with the ban on fishing for Kamchatka residents is artificial. According to the interlocutor, unscrupulous fishermen, without having permission for industrial fishing, are engaged in illegal prey in Kamchatka. To avoid punishment, poachers talk about the harassment of fishermen by law enforcement agencies and the Federal Agency for Fishery.
Two from the market
In April 2019, the President of the All-Russian Association of Fisheries Enterprises, Entrepreneurs and Exporters (VARPE), German Zverev, criticized the work of the Russian Fishery Agency. According to him, the agency does not cope with the timely publication of legal acts to regulate the industry and “cleansing” excessive administrative barriers.
“In 2016, a new version of the law“ On Fisheries ”was adopted. The law provided for the issuance of 25 bylaws, seven of which were adopted with a significant delay. The Fishery Rules for the Far Eastern Fisheries Basin have not yet been approved, ”said the President of VARPE.
PASMI contacted Valentin Balashov, Chairman of the Board of the Interregional Association of Coastal Fishermen of the Northern Basin. “According to the quality of the preparation of regulatory legal acts, the Federal Fishery Agency should put two plus. It seems that the younger guys came to the office, and begin to invent notions, the farther into the forest, the more firewood. After the agency adopts any bylaws, they have to be urgently adjusted, ”said the source. He cited as an example 503 a resolution of the government of the Russian Federation concerning permits for the right to fish.
“The rules were so ineptly worked out that six months had to be proved that mistakes were made. As a result, the government has changed the rule. But it managed to affect hundreds of companies. Enterprises simply could not get work permits, ”explains Balashov.
The interviewee also called the catch initiative for fishermen a problematic initiative on daily allowances: “I’m wondering how [in the Federal Agency for Fishery] are they going to control it? Fisherman came to the river, fishes happy. You tell him: you have 400 grams more than you need. A man will say: I caught two days. How will you prove in the forest that he caught it in one day, and we have 2 million such citizens ”.
According to Balashov, the most painful for fishing companies was the initiative to create auctions for the distribution of fishing quotas. “FAS says that market competition is weak. It is proposed to play half of the quotas at auctions. But the thing is this. The largest players from Moscow will buy the quotas. And local enterprises, for example, in the North Basin with two steamers and a collective of 300 people, will be forced to reduce the volume of staff, or to go bankrupt, ”explains the source.
“Then they ask why the fish is expensive?” Because, in particular, mistakes are made in the regulatory framework, ”Balashov concluded.