The Federal Tax Service has completed the preparation of a new tax that will be levied on self-employed Russians - those who provide services, but are not registered and do not pay anything to the state.
"Convenient interface, which will" one-click fulfill obligations to the state "is developed and is waiting for testing on real people, the head of the Federal Tax Service Mikhail Mishustin reported at a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
"Let's conduct such a test," the president approved the idea.
The pilot project, which has been developed for more than a year by the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Economic Development, will be launched in four Russian regions from January 1, 2019.
In Moscow, Moscow and Kaluga regions, as well as in the Republic of Tatarstan, tutors, nannies, car mechanics and other self-employed Russians, who, according to the Ministry of Labor estimates, nearly 15 million people in the country will be offered to download a special mobile application.
It "will allow you to register with the tax service without coming to the registration centers and make payments without tax reporting, without any special certificates or documents," Mishustin said.
Payment will be 3% of income for those who provide services to individuals, and 6% for employees with legal entities. The money will go to the Pension Fund and the Mandatory Health Insurance Fund.
Criteria for self-employment in May formulated the Ministry of Justice. According to the amendments to the law "On employment of the population in the Russian Federation", these are "individuals who independently carry out their activities aimed at systematic income generation at their own risk."
Self-employed offered to register with the Federal Tax Service in 2018 and promised a tax holiday, but on May 1, according to the service, only 1,400 people were registered. The number of self-employed is difficult to determine: according to Rosstat, this is 4.5 million people, according to the RANHiGS - more than 20 million.
Polls show that self-employed people are rural residents (44.6%), pensioners and parents with many children, says Tatyana Misikhina, Deputy Director of the Development Center of the Higher School of Economics.
People do not earn money from a good life: according to the monitoring of the Higher School of Economics for 2016, the earnings of self-employed on the basis of work are on average 14% lower than those who do not work part-time, she says.
Among the self-employed, there are more pensioners over the age of 60 than among those employed - 10.8% versus 5.3%. They usually have more families - an average of 3.74 people per household compared to 3.46 for employees.
The task is not to collect taxes, but to bring the self-employed out of the shadows, whitewashing the labor market, Ilya Trunin, the deputy finance minister, explained earlier.
According to the Ministry of Labor, the budget charges to the budget from the tax will amount to 500 billion rubles a year.