RBC Investigation: what the church lives upon

The welfare of the Orthodox Church is based not only on considerable state aid, generous donations and altrage of the flock; the Church also has its own business. However, how it spends the earned money is still a secret.
Origin source
Half of February, the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) Patriarch Kirill held a distant wanderings. Negotiations with the Pope in Cuba, Chile, Paraguay, Brazil, landing on the island of Waterloo near the Antarctic coast, where Russian polar explorers from the Bellingshausen station are surrounded by gentoo penguin.

To travel to Latin America and the patriarch about a hundred people enjoyed the support of Il-96-300 aircraft with tail number RA-96018, which operates special flight group "Russia". It is the airline complies with the president of the administration and services of the first persons of the state (about the cost and conditions of travel to Antarctica).

Authorities provide not only the head of the ROC air transport: a decree on the allocation of the patriarch of the State Guard was one of the first decisions of President Vladimir Putin. Three out of four residences - in Clear lane Moscow Danilov Monastery and Peredelkino - given the state of the church.

However, using one of the state and big business revenues of the ROC are not limited. The Church itself has learned zaraatyvat.

RBC understood how to construct the economy of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Multi-layer cake

"From an economic point of view, the ROC is a giant corporation, uniting under a single name of tens of thousands of independent or semi-independent agents. They are each parish, monastery, priest, "- wrote in his book" The Russian Orthodox Church: the current state and urgent problems "sociologist Nikolai Mitrokhin.

Indeed, in contrast to many public organizations, each parish is registered as a separate legal entity and religious NGOs. Revenues for the conduct of church rites and ceremonies are not subject to tax, are not taxed and the proceeds from the sale of religious literature and donations. At the end of each year, religious organizations constitute the declaration: according to the latest data provided by RBC in the Federal Tax Service, in 2014, non-taxable income of the church revenues amounted to 5.6 billion rubles.

All annual ROC Mitrokhin estimated revenue in the 2000s at about $ 500 million, the very same church about your moneyx says rarely and reluctantly. At the Council of Bishops in 1997, Patriarch Alexy II reported that the bulk of the money received from the ROC 'management of their temporary free funds, placing them on deposit accounts, purchase of state short-term bonds, "and other securities, and income from commercial enterprises.

Three years later, Archbishop Clement in an interview with "Kommersant-Dengi" the first and only time will tell, of what constitutes a church economy: 5% of the budget Patriarchate - deductions dioceses, 40% - sponsorship donations, 55% from earnings of ROC businesses.

Who sponsorship donations are fewer, and contributions from dioceses may be a third or about half of the general church budget, explains Archpriest Vsevolod Chaplin, to December 2015 directed the Department for Church and Society.

The property of the church

Confidence ordinary Muscovite in the rapid growth of new Orthodox churches around the not very opposite of the truth. Only since 2009 across the country built and rebuiltand more than five thousand temples - these figures voiced at the beginning of February at the Council of Bishops, Patriarch Kirill. These statistics came as a church, built from the ground up (mostly in Moscow about how this activity is financed - in the investigation RBC), and "On the transfer of property to religious organizations for religious purposes," according to the law of the ROC in 2010, the cast.

According to the document, the Federal Property Management Agency sends the ROC objects in two ways - in the ownership or under the contract of uncompensated use, explains Sergey Anoprienko, head of the placement of federal bodies of power of the Federal Property Agency.

RBC has analyzed the documents on the websites of the territorial bodies of the Federal Property Agency - in the last four years, the Orthodox Church has received more than 270 facilities in 45 regions of the property (unloading made before 27 January 2016). Property area contains only 45 objects - a total of about 55 thousand sq. m. M. The largest facility, which became the property of the church - the ensemble of Trinity-Sergius desert.

In the case of transfer of the property, explains Anoprienkooh, parish gets prihramovy land. Build on it can only be the church premises - shop utensils, the Clergy House, Sunday school, the poorhouse, and so on. Erected objects that can be used for commercial purposes, it is impossible.

The gratuitous use of the Russian Orthodox Church received some 165 objects, and in the property - about 100, from the data to the Federal Property Management Agency website. "No wonder - Anoprienko explains. - Church chooses free use, as in this case can use government funding and rely on subsidies for the restoration and maintenance of the temples from the authorities. If the property is owned, the responsibility will fall on the ROC. "

In 2015, the Federal Property Management Agency has offered to take the ROC 1971 object, but has received only 212 applications, says Anoprienko. The head of the legal service of the Moscow Patriarchate abbess Xenia (Chernega) is convinced that the Church is given only destroyed buildings. "When the law was discussed, we had to compromise, did not insist on the restitution of the lost church property. Now we typically do not offerany normal buildings in major cities, but only ruinirovannye objects that are costly. We took a lot of destroyed churches in the 90s, and now, of course, wanted to get something better "- she says. The church, according to the Mother Superior, is "to fight for the necessary objects."

The loudest battle - for St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg

In July 2015 the Metropolitan of St. Petersburg and Ladoga Varsonofy addressed to the governor of St. Petersburg Georgy Poltavchenko, with a request to give the famous Isaac for free use. It called into question the work of the museum located in the cathedral, followed by a scandal - the media wrote about the transfer of the monument on the front pages of the petition with a demand not to allow the transfer of the cathedral has collected over 85 thousand signatures on change.org..

In September, the authorities have decided to leave the cathedral on the city's balance sheet, but Nikolai Burov, director of the museum complex "St. Isaac's Cathedral" (part three of the cathedral), is still waiting for a dirty trick.

The complex does not receive money from the budget, 750 million rubles. annual maintenance makes itself - at Biels proud Burov. According to him, the Russian Orthodox Church wants to open the Cathedral for worship only, "compromising the free entrance" of the object.

"Everything going on in the spirit of" the best Soviet "tradition - the temple used as a museum, the museum leadership behaves like real atheists!" - Parries opponent Burov, Archpriest Alexander Pelin of the St. Petersburg diocese.

"Why Museum presides over the temple? Everything should be the other way around - first the temple, so as originally intended by our pious ancestors "- outraged priest. The Church has no doubt Pelin, has the right to collect donations from visitors.

Budget money

"If you contain the state, you and he are closely related, there is no alternative" - ​​reflects the priest Alexei Uminsky, rector of Trinity in Khokhlov. The present church too closely cooperates with the authorities, he said. However, his views do not coincide with the opinion of the Patriarchate leadership.

According to RBC estimates, in 2012-2015 the Russian Orthodox Church and its associated structures received from the budget and from public organizations mminima 14 billion rubles. However, only in the new version of the budget for 2016 provided 2.6 billion rubles.

In particular, RBC wrote in 2014-2015 ROC organizations have allocated more than 1.8 billion rubles. on the creation and development of Russian spiritual and educational centers of the federal program "Strengthening the unity of the Russian nation and ethno-cultural development of the peoples of Russia." Another program that supports the Church, - "Culture of Russia" in 2012 to preserve the objects of religious significance in the program has been allocated almost 10.8 billion rubles. In addition, 0.5 billion rubles. in 2012-2015 has been allocated for the restoration of objects of religious significance, said the representative of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow.

Among the major recipients of public procurement contracts for the site - the church-Research Center "Orthodox Encyclopedia" (founder - the Patriarchate), which publishes the eponymous tome in 40 volumes under the editorship of Patriarch Kirill. Since 2012, public schools and higher education institutions for the purchase of this book has been spent about 250 million rubles. A subsidiary of "Orthodox Encyclopedia» & mdash; Foundation "Orthodox Encyclopedia" - received 56 million rubles in 2013. from the Ministry of Culture - in the film "St. Sergius of Radonezh" and "Serpent Sting".

In 2015, the Ministry of Education from the state budget allocated about 112 million rubles. Saint Tikhon's Orthodox University. Central Clinical Hospital of St. Alexis of the Moscow Patriarchate in 2015, received from the Ministry of Health 198 million rbl., In the new budget for the hospital has provided about 178 million rubles. In the budget for 2016 laid down the order of 1 billion rubles. "Charitable Foundation for Restoring the New Jerusalem Monastery of the Russian Orthodox Church" - the founder of the fund is the monastery itself.

In addition, from 2013 to 2015, Orthodox organizations received 256 million rubles. within the framework of the presidential grants. ROC has no direct relation to the grant recipients, but they "were created by the Orthodox people," says Archpriest Chaplin. Although the church directly in the creation of these organizations are not involved, there is no random people, I'm sure Sergei Chapnin, last Redatorus "Journal of the Moscow Patriarchate."

By the same token, he says, distribute the money in a single Orthodox grant program "Orthodox Initiative" (funds are allocated "Rosatom", RBC reported two sources familiar with the program, the corporation's press service did not respond to the question of RBC).

"Orthodox Initiative" held since 2005, the total amount of financing for the years of the competition - almost 568 million rubles. "I am a long time sitting in the expert committee. I can say that the application for grants, as a rule, are written inaccurately - of them do not understand what people want and can - says Chapnin. - Every second is required to make the site offers, is not well understood how to make websites. "

Revenues and earnings

Ecclesiastical economy - a rigid vertical, working on the principle of strict subordination, the priest explains Alex Uminsky device other channel receipt time to the Patriarchate.

At the last Council of Bishops, Patriarch Kirill announced that the 293 dioceses and more than 34.5 thousand. Temples operating in Russia. Church expelleddioceses are a certain percentage of donations received, explains Uminsky. Exceptions are being built and restored temples - in the words of Bishop Tikhon (Shevkunov), they are temporarily exempt from diocesan contributions (interview with Bishop can be read here). In all other churches to collect contributions controls upstream bishop - he, in turn, reports to the Patriarchate, RBC clarify two sources in the ROC.

Money parish made up of donations for the commission required (baptism, wedding, sanctification cars, apartments and other items) and services (remembrance, reading hymns). The bulk of the money falls into the parish coffers thanks necessary to perform all rites spark, explains Archdeacon Andrei Kurayev. In the ROC in the country "scattered" dozens of workshops for casting of candles as a new material, and of cinders collected during the service. The cost of the candles in the production and in the church is ten times worse, "make chetyrehgrammovuyu candle" sotochku ", one of the most popular, cost 25 kopecks. In the church, for it will give up to 20 rubles. "Frankichaet with RBC manufacturer and supplier of church utensils.

The monthly income of Russian temples is very different - from 5 thousand to 3 million rubles, Archpriest Chaplin counts...

RBC Correspondent spoke with the priests nearly 30 churches, of their stories scheme of financial relations "grassroots" parishes in dioceses as follows: after the service priors reveal boxes for donations collected money is kept in the treasurer. Parish priors served in the diocese of reporting (a copy of such a document from 2013, filed in the Moscow diocese, is in possession of RBC). The paper shows the number of advanced services and to services, as well as the size of the fee, send the arrival of the diocese - in the studied RBC correspondent report is 20%.

The percentage deductions, according to his superiors, ranges from 10 to 50%. For example, the parish church of the Holy Trinity in Khokhlov in 2014 listed 230 thousand. Rub. -. At the "income" of about 2 million rubles, told Uminsky.

Money, explained RBC priests transferred to the diocese in two ways - in cash (on each amount is given credit order) or bank transfers.

Each year, the amount of payments is growing, complained correspondent RBC priests regional churches. "When Patriarch Alexy II I listed in the diocese 10% now - 27%. This is due to the fact that after the arrival of the patriarch Cyril number of dioceses increased three times and load the parishes has grown ", - complains anonymously rector of the Moscow region of the church.

The churches on the periphery, where, by definition Mitrokhin, on the procession out three - "the father, mother and their dog" - even insignificant contribution on capital standards seems unsupportable. "We have come from five people a month just recruit 3 thousand. Rub. One and a half thousand rubles - to the diocese, "- says the parish in the Ivanovo region.

If the priest is unable to pay the fee, in the diocese may say: "All understand. Jale. We can take your place another priest. On such a proposal no one agrees, "- says Dmitry Sverdlov, a former rector of St. Peter and Paul Church in the Domodedovo district of Moscow region. In 2011, Sverdlov was an observer at the elections to the State Duma, a year later voiced bydderzhku Pussy Riot, in 2013 a priest "banned in the ministry."

"Every diocesan meeting we begin with the fact that parishes declare not collect the required amount, the rector will change. Nobody cares if the priest performs pastoral duties - is much more important, whether it is to raise money, will - says cleric of one of the churches in the south of Russia. - In the year, we collect up to 8 million rubles. donations to pay 30% of the diocese, the bishop but every visit is accompanied by additional charges of money in an envelope. "

15% of the collected dioceses transferred to the Patriarchate, told RBC five companions in the ROC. The exact amount of these funds is impossible to calculate, but the large diocese, and there are about thirty annually deduct Patriarchate from 10 to 20 million rubles. each, said Chaplin.

Financial and economic management of the Patriarchate, headed by Metropolitan of Ryazan and St. Michael Mark did not respond to questions about the RBC.

And in the federal budget "has closed the article" case "of the church itself, as they (your budget -. RBC) to manage" - these phrases answer the questions for the motherAla press secretary Rev. Alexander Volkov patriarch.

candle factory

Income businesses also considerably fueled budget Patriarchate, Archpriest Chaplin explains. Major - "Art and Production Enterprise (HSP)" Sofrino "and the hotel" Danilovskaya ".

HSP produces icons, church furniture, tombs, bowls, candle wax (609 rub. Per two-kilogram pack of 500 candles) and paraffin (210 rub. Per two-kilogram pack of 500 candles), providing these items, according to several RBC sources at the Patriarchate, up to half of Russian churches. In a conversation with RBC priests admitted that in the dioceses they are strongly advised to book for churches is the production "Sofrino". Trading house "Sofrino" is located at the beginning of the "golden mile" of Moscow on Prechistenka - before the holidays, and lay there buy icons and gifts.

"Sofrino" works in the same village for over 40 years: the land for the construction of the main church of the plant at the request of Patriarch Pimen allocated in 1972 chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers AleThis Kosygin. Since the late 80-ies of the permanent head of the HSP was Eugene Parkhaev - he is, according to SPARK, directs Patriarchate owned hotel "Danilovskaya". In the 2000s, he was a co-owner of PSE "Sofrino" and headed the Unified customer service of the Moscow Patriarchate, which is currently involved in the construction of new churches on the program "200 churches".

Close to the trading house "Sofrino" Prechistenke - one of the branches of telecommunications group of companies "ACBT". Firm 10.7% at least until 2009, also owned Parkhaev. Co-founder (through JSC "Russdo") - co-chairman of the Union of Orthodox Women Anastasia Ositis, now manages her daughter Irina Fedulova. ACBT Revenue for 2014 - more than 436 700 000 rubles, profit -. 64 million rubles. Ositis, Fedulova Parkhaev and did not respond to questions for this article.

Parkhaev same number of board chairman and owner of the bank "Sofrino" (until 2006 known as the Old Bank). Central Bank revoked the license of the financial institution in June 2014. Judging by SPARC, the owners of the bank - "Alemazh", LLC "Steto-T ", LLC" Albin-M ", LLC" Sian M "and LLC" meconium-M. " According to the Central Bank, the beneficiary of these companies is Dmitry Malyshev, the ex-chairman of the bank "Sofrino" and a representative of the Moscow Patriarchate in government.

Immediately after renaming Old bank "Sofrino" company "Housing and construction company" (HBC) established Malyshev and partners, has received several major contracts ROC in 2006 HBC won 36 competitions announced by the Ministry of Culture (formerly - Roskultura) to restore temples. The total amount of contracts - 60 million rubles.

Biography Parhaeva parhaev.com site reports the following: born June 19, 1941 in Moscow, worked as a turner at the factory "Red Proletarian", in 1965, came to work in the Patriarchate, was involved in the restoration of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, the patriarch Pimen enjoyed the location. Activities Parhaeva described not without picturesque parts: "Eugene A. construction provided with everything necessary, <...> solved all the problems, and to the construction site machines were filled with sand, brick, cement, metal".

Energy Parhaeva continues unknown biographer, and enough for it to lead, with the blessing of the patriarch, the hotel "Danilovskaya": "This is a modern and comfortable hotel, in a conference hall which hosts Local Council, religious and peace conferences, concerts. Hotel wanted just such a leader: an experienced and dedicated. "

The daily cost of a single room "Danilovskaya" breakfast on weekdays - 6300 rubles, apartments -. 13 thousand rubles, including services -.. Sauna, bar, car rental and organization of the holidays. Income "Danilovskaya" in 2013 - 137.4 million rubles, in 2014 -. 112 million rubles.

Parkhaev - people from the team Alexy II, who was able to prove his indispensability to Patriarch Kirill, confident interlocutor RBC in the company-manufacturer of church products. The permanent head "Sofrino" enjoyed privileges not enjoyed by even eminent priests, confirms the source of RBC in one of the largest dioceses. celebrated in the Hall of Church Councils temple festival with pomp - In 2012, the Internet got photos with the anniversary ParhaevaChrist the Savior. Afterwards, guests hero of the day on the boat went on Parhaeva dacha in the suburbs. In the photographs, the authenticity of which no one disputed - an impressive house, a tennis court and a marina with boats.

From cemeteries to T-shirts

The scope of the ROC interests include medicine, jewelry, renting meeting rooms for rent, wrote "Vedomosti", as well as agriculture and the market of ritual services. According to the database SPARK, the Patriarchate is a co-owner of JSC "Orthodox Ritual Service": the company is now closed, but acts established her "daughter" - OJSC "Orthodox Ritual Service" (sales for 2014 - 58.4 million rubles.).

Yekaterinburg diocese held the largest granite quarry "Granit" and the company to ensure the safety "Power", the Vologda diocese had factory of reinforced concrete products and structures. Kemerovo diocese is the 100 percent owner of the company "Kuzbass investment and construction company," co-owner "of Novokuznetsk computer center," and the agency "Europe Media Kuzbass". <br />
The Danilov Monastery in Moscow has several outlets: the monastery shop and shop "Danilovsky souvenir". You can buy church utensils, leather wallets, T-shirts with prints Orthodox, Orthodox literature. Financial indicators monastery did not disclose. On the territory of the Sretensky monastery has a shop "Candlemas" and cafe "unholy saints", which was named in honor of the eponymous book Abbot, Bishop Tikhon (Shevkunov). Cafe, according to the bishop, "money does not bring." The main source of income of the monastery - the publishing house. The monastery also owned land in agricultural cooperatives "Resurrection" (former collective farm "Sunrise", the main activity - the cultivation of grain and leguminous crops, livestock). Revenues for 2014 - 52.3 million rubles, profit -. About 14 million rubles.

Finally, in 2012, the structures of the ROC belongs to the hotel building "University" in the south-west of Moscow. The cost of a standard single room - 3 thousand rubles.. This hotel is located pilgrim center of the ROC. "In the" University "has a large hall, mzhno hold conferences, to resettle people who come to the event. The hotel is certainly cheap, there settles very simple people, very rarely - the bishops ", - he told RBC Chaplin.

Ecclesiastical Insurance Fund

Archpriest Chaplin was unable to realize his old idea - the banking system, excluding the usurious percent. While orthodox banking exists in name only, the patriarch uses the services of the most conventional banks.

Until recently the church had accounts in three organizations - Ergobanke, Vneshprombank and the bank "Relight" (the last ROC structure also own). Salaries of employees of the Synodal Department of the Patriarchate, according to RBC's source in the Russian Orthodox Church, were transferred to the accounts of the Savings Bank and Promsvyazbank (the press service of the bank did not respond to RBC's request, a source close to Promsvyazbank, said that in the bank, including holding funds church parishes).

In Ergobanke serves more than 60 Orthodox organizations and 18 dioceses, including the Trinity-Sergius Lavra Compound, and the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia. In January, the bank's license revoked due obna"Holes" in the balance sheet verting.

The church agreed to open accounts in Ergobanke due to one of its shareholders - Valery Meshalkina (about 20%), says RBC source in the patriarchate. "Meshalkin - church man, an Orthodox businessman who helped a lot of temples. It was believed that this is the guarantee that the bank did not happen, "- describes the source.
Valery Meshalkin - the owner of the construction and erection company "EnergomashKapital", a member of the Board of Trustees of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra, the author of the book "Influence on Mount Athos monastic traditions of Eastern Europe." Meshalkin did not respond to questions RBC. According to a source in the RBC Ergobanke, the money from the accounts of the ROC structure had to withdraw license revocation.

The was no less problematic Vneshprombank "stuck" 1.5 billion rubles. ROC, told RBC source at the bank and confirmed by two companion close to the Patriarchate. In January, the bank has also withdrawn the license. According to one of the interlocutors RBC, Chairman of the Board Markus Larisa was close to the Patriarchate and its leadership, so the church has chosen the bank tostoring some of their money. According to RBC interlocutors, in addition to the Patriarchate, the funds held in Vneshprombank several funds, performing errands patriarch. The largest - the Foundation of Saints Constantine and Helen. RBC source in the patriarchate said that the fund is raising money to help the victims in the conflict in Syria and Donetsk. Information about fundraising is and on the Internet.

The founders of the Fund are already mentioned in connection with the ROC and Irina Anastasia Ositis Fedulova. In the past - at least until 2008 - and Ositis Fedulova were Vneshprombank shareholders.

However, the main bank of the Church - Moscow "Relight". On the bank accounts as of December 1, 2015 placed the funds of enterprises and organizations (85.8 billion rubles.) And individuals (20.2 billion rubles.). Assets as of January 1 -. 186 billion rubles, of which more than half - loans to companies, the bank's profit - 2.5 billion rubles. On account of non-profit organizations -. More than 3.2 billion rubles, follows from reporting "Peresvet".

Financial and economic management of the ROC owns 36.5% of the bank, another 13.2% in the company owned by the Russian Orthodox ChurchNGO "Promotion". Among the other owners - of "Vnukovo-Invest" (1.7%). The office of the company is located at the same address as the "Assistance". A member of "Vnukovo-Invest" could not explain RBC correspondent whether there is a connection between his company and "assistance". In the office of "assistance" phones are not responding.

JSCB "Relight" could cost up to 14 billion rubles, while the share of the Russian Orthodox Church in the amount of 49.7%, presumably -.. To 7 billion rubles, RBC considered for IFC Markets analyst Dmitry Lukashov.

Investment and Innovation

About where to invest ROC banks, not much is known. But it is known that the ROC does not shy away from venture capital investments.

"Relight" invests in innovative projects through the company "Sberinvest" in which the bank holds 18.8%. Financing innovation share: 50% of the money given investors' Sberinvest "(including" Relight "), 50% - state corporations and foundations. Funds for "Sberinvest" project is located in the Russian Venture Company (RVC's press service declined to name the amount of money), the fund "Skolkovo" (in fund developmentcame to life 5 million rbl., the press-secretary Alexander Barshchevskaya) and state corporation "Rosnano" (projects "Sberinvest" allocated $ 50 million, said the press officer).

The press service of the State Corporation RBC explained: "Nanoenergo" international fund was created to finance joint with "Sberinvest" project in 2012. At $ 50 million invested in the fund, "Rosnano" and "Relight".

In 2015, "Rusnano Capital Fund SA" - subsidiary company "Rosnano" - appealed to the District Court of Nicosia (Cyprus) to recognize the bank "Relight" respondent in the case of breach of the investment agreement. In the statement of claim (there are at the disposal of RBC) said that the bank is in breach of procedures translated "$ 90 million from the accounts of" Nanoenergo "on accounts of Russian companies affiliated with" Sberinvest ". The accounts of these companies have been opened in the "Peresvet".

The court found "Relight" one-respondents. Representatives of the "Sberinvest" and "Rosnano" confirmed the presence of RBC litigation.

"It's all nonsense, then - not discouraged in conversation with PFor a member of the Board of Directors' Sberinvest "Oleg Dyachenko. - With the "Rosnano" we have good energy projects, everything goes, everything is moving - fully entered the market of plant composite pipe, at a very high level of silicon dioxide, process rice, heat get out on the export position. " In response to the question of where the money went, a top manager laughs: "You see, I am free. So, money is not lost. " Dyachenko believes that the case is closed.

In the "Peresvet" the press service did not respond to repeated requests to RBC. So did the Chairman of the Board Alexander Shvets.

Income and expenses

"Since Soviet times, the church economy transparent - explains rector Alexei Uminsky - based on the principle of life at home: the parishioners give money for some service, and how they are distributed, nobody cares. And do parish priests do not know exactly what they are collected the money. "

Indeed, it is impossible to calculate the costs of the church: the ROC does not announce tenders and does not appear on the public procurement website. The economic activity of the church,Abbess claims Xenia (Chernega), "does not hire contractors," coping on their own - the product comes monasteries, melted candle workshops. Multi-layer cake is divided within the ROC.

"At that spends church?" - Asks the Mother Superior, and answers: "Contains seminaries throughout Russia, this is quite a large share of the costs." Another church provides charitable assistance to orphaned and other social institutions; all Synodal departments are funded from the general church budget, she adds.

The Patriarchate did not provide information about RBC expenditure items of the budget. In 2006, in the journal "Thomas" Natalia Deryuzhkina, at that time accountant patriarchy, it estimated the cost of maintaining the Moscow and St. Petersburg Theological Seminary at 60 million rubles. in year.

Such costs are relevant until now, confirms Archpriest Chaplin. Still, said the priest, to pay the salary secular patriarchy staff. In total, it is 200 people with an average salary of 40 thousand. Rub. per month, according to the source of RBC in the Patriarchate.

These expenses are negligibleagainst the background of annual allocations dioceses in Moscow. What happens with the rest of the money?

A few days after the controversial resignation of Archpriest Chaplin started an account in Facebook, where he wrote: "By understanding anything, I think the concealment of income and especially the central church budget completely immoral. Not the slightest Christian justification for such concealment can not be in principle. "

There is no need to disclose the article ROC costs as absolutely clear, what the church is spending money - at the church needs, rebuked correspondent RBC Chairman of the Synodal Department for Church and society, and the media Vladimir Legoyda.

On the other churches that live?

Publish reports on income and expenses of the church, regardless of religious affiliation, are not accepted.

Diocese of Germany

An exception has recently become Roman Catholic Church (RCC), partly reflects income and expenses. So, Diocese of Germany began to disclose their financial results after the scandal with the Bishop of Limburg, for awhich matured in 2010 began to build a new residence. In 2010, the Diocese of assessed work in the € 5,5 million, but three years later the price rose almost twice - up to € 9.85 million in the avoidance claims in the press many dioceses began to disclose the budget.. According to reports, the RCC budget dioceses consist of income from the property, donations, as well as church tax, which is charged with the parishioners. According to the data of 2014, it became the richest diocese of Cologne (her income - € 772 million, income tax - € 589 million). According to the plan for 2015, the total volume of the Diocese of costs estimated at 800 million.

Vatican Bank

Now and published data on the financial operations of the Institute of Religious Affairs (IOR, Istituto per le Opere di Religione), better known as the Vatican Bank. The bank was established in 1942 to manage the financial resources of the Holy See. His first financial report of the Vatican Bank published in 2013. According to the report, in 2012, the bank's profit amounted to € 86.6 million a year earlier -. € 20.3 million net interest income amounted to € 52,25 million and income from trading activity - € 51.1 Mill.

Russian Orthodox ChurchAbroad (ROCA)

Unlike the Catholic dioceses of the ROCA Reports revenues and expenses are not published. According to Archpriest Peter Cold, long time former treasurer of the ROCOR Church Abroad economy is arranged simply, have to pay contributions dioceses of ROCOR, and they pay money to the Synod. The percentage of annual contributions to parishes - 10% of the dioceses of the Synod transferred 5%. Most wealthy diocese - in Australia, Canada, Germany, USA.

The main income of the ROCOR, according to Cold brings renting four-storey building of the Synod: it is located in the upper part of Manhattan, on the corner of Park Avenue and 93 th Street. Building area - 4 thousand sq. M. m, 80% takes the Synod, the rest rented a private school. Annual rental income for Cold estimates - about $ 500 thousand.

In addition, the income of the ROCA brings the Kursk Root Icon (located in Znamenskoye ROCOR Cathedral in New York). Icon carry across the world, the donations go to the budget of the Church Abroad, says Cool. Also ROCOR Synod owned candle factory near New York. The Moscow Patriarchate does not list money ROCA: "Our church mountainto poorer Russian. Although we belong to an incredibly valuable land - in particular, half of the Garden of Gethsemane - it is not monetized. "