RBC investigation: who owns the street trade in Moscow

Who suffers and who benefits from the demolition of kiosks and pavilions on the capital's streets.
Origin source
The night of February 9, when excavators crushing dozens of trade pavilions across the capital, many Muscovites remember, even though it was merely a continuation for five years running war with street trade, remaining the current city authorities inherited from the times of Yuri Luzhkov.

Who was on the market before, and who comes to him now, after the bulldozers?

Trading geography of Moscow

Bulk Tray trade occurred in the capital in the early 1990s, in the deficit; traders took the most crowded places: subways, from the metro station exits and the neighborhood of public transport. Luzhkov became mayor of Moscow in the summer of 1992, after the resignation of Gavriil Popov, unable to cope with the "disruptions in the supply of the population in food products", supporting street vendors. They control the trade of the district council, which has left an indelible imprint on the economic geography of the city.

The first group of objects TEN companies (now occupies 20th place in the ranking of Forbes "Kings of the Russian Real Estate" magazine) were three of the market near the metro stations "Kuminki "and" Ryazan prospectus "and several shopping pavilions there. All objects placed strictly within a single administrative entity. This love of the south-east of Moscow explained, it is possible that one of the co-owners of the company Dmitry Sudin in the late 1990s served as deputy head of the district council Ryazan.

Shopping center "Taganka" and pavilions near the "Marxist" group of companies controls the "Yauza Gate" based Skoblikov Sergei, who had worked for 12 years in the executive committee of Tagansky district council. In 1994 he founded a private Skoblikov "Moscow rescue service", which enjoyed the support of Luzhkov. Shortly thereafter, "Yauza gate" to control auto market began in the southern port and built a number of shopping centers in various districts of Moscow. Now "Yauza gate" own more than 370 thousand sq. M. m of commercial real estate.

Commercial center at the exit of the metro station "Serpukhov" owned by the company "Antaris" headed by a native of Abkhazia Vladimir Bigvava. In the 1990s, the company has built a lot ofavilonov in Zamoskvorechye district. And with the son of the then vice-mayor Valery Shantsev, Alexander and restaurateur Arkady Novikov Bigvava registered company "Platt", which planned to build a hotel near the Paveletskaya station (the hotel and stayed in 2002 in the plans, but at the same time "Antaris" became a significant player in the taxi market in Moscow).

Even if the business was not related directly to the officials, many businesses over the years tended to certain areas of the city, suspiciously coincides with the boundaries of administrative units.

Trading rows around the station "Ulitsa 1905 Goda" owns the company "Soyuz-Sona", belonging to the family of Varuzhan Badalyan, member of the board of the Armenian community of Moscow.

They owned pavilions on Barricadnaya, Presnensky Val, Minor and more armor, as well as a factory for the production of dried fruits in chocolate - all assets located within the territory of the district - Presnensky. Pavilion in the Academic area owned by the company "Kakhovka" Anna bayonet. Dozens of such examples. Director of the Center antcorruption research "Transparency International Russia" Elena Panfilova not surprising geographic attachment business: "In the period of wild capitalism premier resource for business was administrative resources and communications. If you examine the biography of the owners of kiosks and heads of districts, for sure you can find that they together former classmates or play hockey, and so on. "

Only a very influential businessmen managed to cover a few trading business districts of Moscow.

Trade Pavilion at "Barricadnaya" (demolished in the summer of 2015) was built in 1994, when its owner Yury Koltsov with its partners, licensing "Kado and K". Among the co-owners of the company were Victor and Yuri Ryshkov Zamorin, which chronicles called criminal leaders Tagansko-Redkino OPG. In addition to trade pavilions from various metro stations biggest asset "Kado and K" was a wholesale market "Kitezh", covers an area in front of the Kiev railway station. In the early 2000s, and the Zamorin Ryshkov were shot dead in central Moscow, and soon on the spot market began ConstructorsGUSTs shopping center "European", then owned by co-owners Cherkizovsky market, and now billionaire developers Zarah Iliev and Year Nisanovu.

And other members of the Diaspora of Mountain Jews, gave the Moscow Nisanova and Eli, were extremely successful in street vending. In the mid-2000s began to build shopping facilities family Zaharyaevyh, Isakov and Ashurov. According to RBC estimates, they have more than 70 thousand sq. M in the management and ownership. m of commercial real estate, among which there are commercial pavilions in different districts of Moscow. Some of these sites also went under the bucket 9 February.

dungeon Lords

A separate peace was underground trade.

Prior to the "trade reform," Sergei Sobyanin Moscow Metro leased 13,249 sq. m of commercial space in the subways and metro stations. "Most commercial space tenants metro - management companies. They are in the 1990s concluded the subway long-term leases of stalls, which retake entrepreneurs "- explains first deputy RBC Moskovskogo subway Yuri Degtyarev. The business was simple: the rented area for the ruble, and passed the five - this difference lived smiling Degtyarev.

In 2012, shortly after the resignation of the chief of metro Dmitry Gaeva average rental rate per square meter was raised from 1655 to 5220 rubles, and in 2014 -.. And up to 10 500 rubles, says RBC representative of the largest tenant space in the underground of "Degama" who wished to remain anonymous (figures provided by the subway, the same). Working in the underground entrepreneurs interviewed RBC, renting booths at the rate of 28 thousand. To 41 thousand. Rub. for 1 sq. m.

Thus, the difference by which the management companies are living, and if reduced, it is not very much. The representative of "Degamy" argues: "Now the difference between renting and subletting taking into account all expenses (from the guard to repair the pavilions) is 20-25%."

Since the 1990s, almost half of the space in the underground controlled three companies.

"Degama" and related (sublet 4574.6 sq .m) owned by businessman Lev Kvetnoy structures, the former partner of billionaire Alishaand Usmanov and Andrei Skoch by holding "Gazmetall" and Vnukovo. The company "Dialmet" and its affiliated company (1471.9 sq. M) associated with one of the largest owners of commercial real estate in the center of Moscow Yakov Yakubov, also a native of Mountain Jews of the Diaspora. "Company Chevalier" (904.37 sq. M) owns Bela Nusueva widow Chevalier Nusueva (killed in 2005) respected athlete and partner Alimzhan Tohtahunov, better known as Taiwanchik.

Another major tenant in the underground structures were respected businessman Shabtai Kalmanovich. Related company owned by him in the underground network of fast food "Metrobufet" (30 points), a network of 47 photo kiosks and dozens of pharmacy items. After the murder of a businessman in 2009, the underground leadership terminated the contract with "Metrobufetom" to find numerous violations, but the bulk of the rest of the business was able to save his partner Emil Zelikow owns nine pharmacy "DLN Farmesi" and a shop owned steel Kalmanovich on "Metrobufetam" partners Edward Dontsis and Sergei Tarakanov.

Some of the stalls in underground passages built former members of the underground. The founder of "Metro Service +" (346.02 sq. M "Warsaw") was Karl Makatsaria, which in the late 1980s worked as deputy head of the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Railways of the USSR subways. A former employee of the department of working supply Metrostroi Antonina Mushkarina leases from underground shopping arcade (185.77 sq. M) at several stations Lublin line.

Among the major tenants of retail space in the underground there are many people who are not engaged in trade, but have in the 1990s-connected. Head of the Russian Society for the Related Rights Tagibov Ahmed, who has struggled with Nikita Mikhalkov for the right to collect royalties from manufacturers and importers of digital technology, to retake the subleased area (149.57 sq. M) on "voykovskoy" and "Mendeleev". All the commercial areas at the Butovo metro line went to the company "Firm" Micum-B "associated with the owner of the closed Sobyanin Moscow market" Emeral "Mountain Jews Simon Yusufov. Kiosk at the station "Perovo" (90.7 sq. M) controls the LLC ", PAC-EU ", co-owner of which is a respected businessman, co-owner of Krasnaya Presnya baths, shopping centers," Rush Hour "and" Sviblovo "Alexander routine. His neighbors in the mall in Perovo is a firm "Metrofarmmed" (shopping arcades were still at "Tretyakov"), co-owned before being elected to the State Duma was a hockey player Vladislav Tretyak (now the share of his daughter Irina).

Journalist Alexander Surgutanov received permission to build stalls for more than 20 years ago. Prior to the trade reform he owned shopping arcade (190 sq. M) at the stations "China Town", "Kuznetsky Most" and "Arbat". "I personally came to the then head of the subway - Dubchenko (Eugene Dubchenko, head of the Moscow Metro in 1986-1995 years -. RBC), I told and shown on the camcorder, as is done in the West. He proposed to build kiosks in lobbies, agreed on a draft with all the authorities, "- recalls Surgutanov, who now lives in Spain, earning publishing local editions of" Komsomolskaya Pravda "and" Moscowomsomoltsa ". Last year Surgutanov lost 2/3 of their rented premises, the remaining halls have closed on 15 March, when the Municipality will start "the second stage of reconstruction of the underground passages."

The first stage was closed shopping arcade with 85 metro stations: most affected Yakubov structure - it has lost 71% of the area, the "Company Chevalier" - 65%, "Degama" - 55%. However, March 15, 2016 the remaining pavilions will also be closed.

The first approach to reform

In October 2010, Sergei Sobyanin, came to the metro station "Ulitsa 1905" with a lot of cameras, found that because of the abundance of stalls not see a monument to the participants of the uprising in 1905. "Such things could not occur without the knowledge of local authorities!" - Scolded the mayor of traders and officials, immediately dismissing the heads of the Tverskoy and Presnensky district.

Signal was enough for the heads of other areas to start eliminating "extra" kiosks. No official orders to street trading reducing the mayoralty at the moment not released. Only a few months later with the authoritiesWe set the layout of the stalls, which included the entire 9902 stall of 14 thousand. existed before. Moskomarkhitektura developed several kiosks typical projects that businessmen had to buy their own expense. For example, the cost of a kiosk "Classic", which can be installed in the center, is equal to 420 thousand. Rub.

For the greater transparency of the city announced auctions on-site kiosk. However, something went wrong. The redistribution of the market has attracted the attention of new intermediaries, who have decided to buy items for their subsequent retake traders.

The first auction - for grocery stall at the corner of Novy Arbat and Novinsky Boulevard - ended unexpectedly. The starting lease rate rose again in 3000, to more than 300 million rubles. for three years. The winning company "Business Center" Skladochnaya ", close to the former owner Savelovsky electronics market Mikhail Dvornikov. Later, the company has refused to sign the contract and is no longer involved in the auctions.

The usual traders to participate in the auction was not easy, says RBC several businessmen. In each prefectureappeared at auction group members a strong constitution, establish its own rules. "In the Western District, we immediately offered: starting rental rate - 20 thousand rubles.. You will persevere - we sit and stupidly raise rates up to several million. And if you give us 500 thousand. Pay, we generally will not participate, take 20 thousand. Rub. My colleagues and I shared the space between them, gave them half a million, and the tender was held, "- says co-owner of one of the fast food chains.

The Southern District of the auctioneer did not see rates, "which made my co-worker", - the businessman remembers another incident: "25 thousand Who is more.? ? Nobody "My employee could not stand it, jumped up:" We offer a 30 thousand rubles "," What is this behavior..!? Remove from the audience. " Employee deduced shaved ambal brought him to the car and said to no longer appear, otherwise "cut off your legs would find in your trunk."

In September 2011, the prefecture of the Southern District played the right to install the flower stalls in Biryulyovo. The cost of the lot increased 1034-fold, to 7.2 million rubles. However, after severalits winner - the company "SK Service Story" - refused the agreement, as did the next ten bidders, and the contract was awarded to an individual entrepreneur Roman Harutyunyan Arminagovichem to offer for kiosk 232 thousand rubles.. A similar situation with exactly the same set of participants has repeated on several auctions in the Southern District. For these and some other episodes even Antimonopoly Service initiated administrative investigation into the cartel agreement between the parties to the auction.

The results of the reform have turned strange. In 2011 the city put up for auction about 1/3 of seats held by street stalls (average rate increased to 1500 rubles. Per 1 sq. M per month), but contracts with the remaining 2/3 of the prolonged market, justifying the "social significance" and kiosk maintaining the same rental rate.

streets Hosts

By the beginning of 2015 in Moscow there were about 7 thousand. Stalls. Of these, about 2 thousand -. Newspaper and ticket running at reduced rental rates.

The remaining nearly 5 thousand. Kiosks and pavilions on 80% belong to the network structures to recognizeinterlocutor in the department of trade and services of Moscow. According to the department provided to RBC, the largest of them are: a group of "Dealing City", which controls the 436 stalls, ice cream maker "Iceberry" - about 300 people, the company "Danvesta" - 142, the structure of "Mobilayn" group - 119 stalls.

According to RBC, the founders of most of the major owners of the stalls were in some way connected with the former mayor Yuri Luzhkov team.

The main owner of "Dealing City" - Andrew Eccentrics. In the 1990s, his father Alexander Kooks played for a football team of the Moscow government, together with the then mayor of the capital and trade minister Vladimir Malyshkovym, recalls in his book, "Luzhkov Laws" former head of the Moscow Committee for Telecommunications and Mass Media Mikhail Shcherbachenko. Jackass was close to the mayor, the author concludes.

Apart from the stalls in the middle of the 2000s the company Chudakov Jr. began building trade pavilions on the ground, which in 1996 allocated Luzhkov of "Russian Bistro" for the development of similar eateries. However, afterdnee cafe of the network was closed in 2004, after which the "Russian Bistro" allowed "Dealing City" to build a shopping pavilions. One of the owners of "Russian Bistro" was Igor Malyshkov - the son of a soccer partner Chudakov, the same Minister of Commerce of Moscow Vladimir Malyshkova.

Chudakov family owns also a shopping center, "Alexander Land", built on the spot market in Bibirevo, and a number of companies that won tenders urban structures for the delivery of platezhek (trading house "Nut") and construction ( "Universalspetsstroy", "Volgogradservis plus" ).

Another major street stalls owner - the company "Danvesta" - was established in the early 1990s to help the city authorities in the distribution of humanitarian aid from Denmark. In mid-1995, "Danvesta" became distributor of European meat company Danish Crown and opened the first 20 fast food stalls. The founders of "Danvesty" became co-owners Vladimir Kuzin and Vitas Bank Andrei and Yuri Lisin Kazaryan. Another major shareholder of the bank at the end of the 1990s was XieGay Zelinsky - partner Igor Malyshkova created by their non-profit partnership "Club sports and intellectual games."

Now the sole owner of "Danvesty" considered other reputable businessman - Artur Asatryan, according to the Armenian press, known by the nickname Don Pipo. In 2013, the Italian authorities declared Don Pipo an international arrest warrant in connection with the murder of crime boss Ded Hasan (Aslan Usoyan).

Neither wanted nor the crisis did not prevent the increase Asatryan network "Danvesty" stalls to several hundred, including through co-operation program mayors of Moscow and Yerevan.

street trade reform launched Sobyanin in 2011, the business of "Danvesty" had no effect. Some of the places that took the company stalls in the center of Moscow, at some point have been put up for auction, but shortly before the competition these lots from the auction was removed, and now extended to past agreements. Also, "Danvesta" was almost the monopoly producer of the new model stalls. General Director of "Danvesty" Manvel Hovhannisyan is a member of the public withETA city Department of Commerce. According to the agency, to the end of 2015. "Danvesta" retained 142 kiosks on the streets. Receive comments from representatives of "Danvesty" failed. The company said that they have "a specialist in the press."

Group "Mobilayn" companies includes more than four dozen legal entities registered in the straw men, says a source in the Department of Commerce RBC. General Director of "Mobilayn" Sermon LLC Elena, register in Yekaterinburg, in 2010-2012 he headed the 58 companies and became the owner of another 30. According to RBC estimates, in the informal group "Mobilayn" includes more than 30 legal entities, which have participated or won the auction for the right to placing kiosks, mostly in North-Western, Western and Southern districts of Moscow. All of these companies share not only the same directors and owners, but also the creation of numerous industry associations. Most of them have set up or participate in the Association of entrepreneurs retailers of fruits and vegetables, fish production business Association, the Associations business in the field of flowers trade association of companies catering. Famous or not related to the "Mobilaynom" never entered into all these associations.

Soon the kiosks, the rights to which have won "Mobilayn" and its affiliates have been put up for sale on the real estate web sites. Seller was firm "AB-terminal", which owns a network of payment terminals in Central Russia, and recently engaged in construction of small shopping centers in Moscow and Moscow region.

Director of "AV-terminal" Set resident of Voronezh region, Alexander Degtyarev, who recorded more than 190 companies and sole owner - a resident Odintsovo Vladislav Zinovich. First he was engaged in gambling, in 2008, filed a patent for the invention "Apparatus for carrying out instant lottery and the lottery." His brother Artem Zinovich was co-owner of "Art and K", which owns the rights to the program "Video game - 1", which is used in the former slot machines to lotteries. Tkzhe Vladislav Zinovich closely associated with several affiliated companies to each other bookmaker. According to the Federal Tax Service of December 2015, a group of betting companies, which includes "Euromir", "Invest Garant", BC "Olympus" and "William Hill" (the name the same as the world's largest bookmaker company "), is second in Russia on the number of bets receiving points - 846 rooms. Zinovich not responded to RBC questions sent to his secretary.

The second approach to reform

In 2015, the policy has changed: the city decided to build their own expense shopping pavilions, to then pass directly to entrepreneurs. During the first 205 auctions the average rental rate increased, according to the head of department Alexey Nemeryuk trade, up to 7 thousand. Rub. for 1 sq. m per month.

The record set at auction Pskov businessman Armen Beniaminov known fact that the November 7, 2003 tore off the flagpole of the State Duma Russian flag from the roof and scattered leaflets with the inscription: "Long live the Great October Socialist Revolution!". Then toMoonie has become a businessman, became a distributor of ice cream "Pure Line" came to Moscow. He raised an initial 830% auction price and rented to "Barricadnaya" kiosk "Ice Cream" for an unprecedented amount - 297.6 thousand rubles.. per month.

In the spring of 2015, when the city authorities resumed the demolition of shopping malls in the metro and next to him, in the capital erupted rallies disgruntled entrepreneurs. "In the 1990s, we were out of work and forced to engage in business. Municipality increased rents, and now demands that we ourselves have taken down his hall, that is, we are told: go shoot yourself do, that we did not sully his hands ", - was indignant from the rostrum constant participant of the rally of entrepreneurs Yury Koltsov. This is the businessman, who in the 1990s, along with the leaders Tagansko-Redkino OPG organized trading on the same "Barricadnaya", which is now a Communist Beniaminov will try to recoup an unprecedented first in Moscow rent price sale popsicle.

In February 2015, Koltsov even managed to get an appointment to the Minister of Economic Development of Russia Alexei Ulyukayev. "It's about youshu ... I have four children ... Pavilion - my one and only income ... At my age to find a new job is extremely problematic, "- described the reception the Minister of the newspaper" Moskovsky Komsomolets ".

Talking to the correspondent of RBC after the rally, Koltsov complained about "exorbitant rents," but to clarify its size, the businessman took two phone conversations with the manager and chief accountant of the company.

Koltsov monthly fee to the Moscow budget for 120 rubles. a square meter (in its pavilion was 221 sq. m). Curiously, even though Communist Beniaminov not lifted the price of the bid and the cost of rent has remained his home kiosk, the city budget would have received over the last month from one of the kiosks at 5.5 thousand. Rub. more than from all the shopping pavilion Koltsov, who worked since 1994.

As a result, a meeting with the minister did not save the business Koltsov - the summer of 2015 it was demolished pavilion.

Who replaced

In the spring of 2015 the City Hall leased to entrepreneurs 205 kiosks by mid-2017 plans to replace the state and the rest of 4811 stalls, gvorit RBC head of the department of trade and services of Moscow Alexey Nemeryuk.

Despite the protests of entrepreneurs, the effect is obvious for the city budget, he rejoices. If in 2010 the budget received from the placement of 14 thousand. Stalls 87.8 million rubles., Now only leased 205 stalls will bring almost 107 million rubles. in year.

In 2016, on the streets of Moscow will run 6438 objects street trade, which is almost 3,500 fewer than a year earlier. Under the new allocation scheme of non-stationary objects of trade, approved at the end of 2015, the number of street stalls will be reduced to 5016, the remaining - objects seasonal trade: Christmas markets and bazaars watermelon. Most of the stalls in the city center - 811, the most radical arrived on the territory of New Moscow (32 kiosks and 58 seasonal trade trays).

However, the reduction in the number of stalls not so surprising, as a change of specialization. Based on documents more than 2/3 of the objects must have specialization "Print" and "Ice Cream." Number of kiosks selling newspapers, even increased - from 2000 to 2696 objects.

radically shortenedI number of stalls of other specializations: "Products" - up to 218 stalls, "Flowers" - 165 "Fast Food" - 114 stalls with domestic services will remain just 99. From the extensive network of "Mosgorspravki" remain only four kiosk. "We have before us the mayor has set the task to clean up the street trade. We focus on a number of stalls, who worked in Moscow in the Soviet era. Then there were kiosks "Print", "Ice Cream", "Theatre Tickets", and all missing ", - says Nemeryuk.

Actively participates in auctions of other ice cream maker "Iceberry" whose owner, according to "Vedomosti", is the father-in-billionaire Roman Abramovich - a businessman Alexander Zhukov. His company has received 42 rental kiosk "Ice Cream" from the 125 objects on display at the auction on February 12. 11 ice cream stalls rented company "Trading series," which is owned by Dmitriy Holin. Previously, he founded a network for the sale of computer accessories "Miniport" which had more than 70 stalls in the underground passages, in 2014. He is atsya one of the largest tenants in the underground passages of SUE "Gormost" (subordinated to the Vice-Mayor of Moscow Pyotr Biryukov).

All seven stalls "Theatre tickets" went to the Moscow Directorate of theater and concert and sports and entertainment funds, the beneficiaries of which are the Founder of payment terminals network QIWI Sergey SOLONIN (196 th place in the list of the richest Forbes Russians) and CEO of the film company "National film" Eugene Zobov. And two of the three offered for sale kiosk "Bread" received a 21-year-old businesswoman Elina Bashaev, about which nothing is known.

Some of the places where they worked and grocery kiosks now occupy vending machines. Company "All he" succeeded in this endeavor. Since the summer of last year, she - as an experiment with the City - puts on the streets of machines that sell "essential goods". RBC could not find any permits for the installation of the objects "all myself." "These kiosks have been installed as part of the Festival of Robotics," - said the representative of the Department of Commerce RBC.

"Byphenomenon apparatus "All he" was a gift of fate - now I do not need to specifically look for a shop, because everything you need can I buy on the way home! "- with these words some student Diana Kafiskina described innovation on the site of the project" Active Citizen "by Municipality which justifies placing vending equipment. "The company-developer brings innovative approaches to reteyla our country to keep pace with the times, and this can not fail to please," - he supported her Muscovite Alexander Lyapunov. 73% of the project participants said they wanted to make purchases in stores-robots.

RBC correspondent checked the work of the four stalls "All he" in different parts of Moscow. None of the machines did not print cashier's check, never worked as a reception function of bank cards. Not one member of the "Active Citizen" project did not pay attention to these problems.

About "All very" little is known. Nemeryuk on the question of its ownership reserved replied: "These are our guys in Moscow." According to the register, until the autumn of 2015 the company vozglulation former top manager of the network of supermarkets "Dixi" Rinat Timerhanov, and the owners were a resident of the Stavropol Territory Svintorzhitskaya Julia and Anatoly Malkov, the owner of the dental clinic "Dent Limko" and Spa "Embassy of beauty" on Tverskoy Boulevard.

Information about Svintorzhitskoy very little. In 2010, she became the owner of 20% of the company "BMP-Service", which owns a network of vending and payment terminals, and in 2012 acquired 50% of "I-Vend Technology", engaged in the installation of coffee machines.

According Nemeryuk experiment with "All alone" can be considered a success: "Vending kiosks will replace townspeople food." Department of Trade and Services of Moscow drew the layout of vending machines on the streets - it has 1196 seats (excluding subways and metro stations). The tender for the installation of the first 121 machine takes place in February. It plays "Gormost" At the same time, 76 seats for the machines in the transitions.

What are the chances of a new entrant to win these tenders? Close to absolute.

oskomarhitektura last fall adopted a "typical architectural solutions for vending machines", according to which the five kinds of vending machines can be found on the streets. In the tender documents, in turn, stipulates that the machine should be sure to match the standards of the Moscow Committee.

Technical description of one of the five architectural solutions Moscomarchitecture match the description of patents "Device movement of goods" and "dispenser of goods" issued by an offshore company Self Service Shop Holding, registered in the British Virgin Islands. And the appearance of the recommended stalls coincides completely with kiosks of "All he" appeared in the capital's streets. The representative of the company "Mark himself" Alexander Zolotarev said that "All he" participated in the preparation of the program of vending in Moscow, and now the company is developing the franchise, offering entrepreneurs buy a ready unit cost of 4.5 million rubles.

The other three types of solutions on parameters, performance and appearance of anecessarily represent vending machines with the Japanese company Dydo. Dydo official dealer in Russia is little-known in the market of the vending company "Avalon Distribution". Last year, she won the tender to install 75 vending machines in the 14 underpasses. According to SPARC, the owners of the company are the former director general of the pharmacy network "36.6" Sergey Krivosheev and ex-chairman of the State Property Committee of Russia, one of the authors of privatization Alexander Kazakov. Press service of the Moscow Committee declined to comment. "We came to the documents, we simply adopted" - said the agency officer on condition of anonymity.

"This is not a unique device, they can make any manufacturer. One solution - the largest vending machine company Uvenco, which can buy anyone - says Nemeryuk. - The same for parameters such as the "All-yourself", but the Baltic producer, was installed on Tishinskaya area "- he said. RBC Correspondent sure that vending machine Baltic production does not match the types of solutions as a minimum on five parameters.

Incidentally, the same company "All he" succeeded in other business related to trade reform. To replace all of the current to the new kiosks, already owned by the city, the budget will spend about 7 billion rubles. Department of Commerce ordered a 3085 stalls, and most of them made a firm "everything myself," won the first contest as the only party allowed.

Initially, the application filed by six companies, five of them in the tender were not allowed, they had complained to the FAS, but soon withdrew all claims.

The price of one kiosk "Ice Cream", including refrigeration equipment, from "All-yourself" is about RUR 1.69 million. For almost the same amount (1.63 million rubles.), The city buys "All he" kiosks "church shop". The tender documentation states that the project is similar to the data marts project newsstands. However, the company "SK" Dess "and" Mekons "won the tender for the manufacture of kiosks" Print ", the production cost of a booth is between 968 thousand. Up to 1.21 million rubles. By the beginning of February 2016 "All he & raquo; won the tender for the production of new stalls for the amount of 2.85 billion rubles.

What will happen

It achieves the effect of whether trade reform, managed to get rid of the chains of intermediaries in the lease and do all the procedures transparent?

To understand this, we must examine the "Novokosino" insides metro station. Underground Gallery at the station outside Moscow became a pilot project of reforming trade in the metro. Seven stores in her area from 16 to 33 square meters. m, in the autumn of 2014 were auctioned. The auction was the two companies had not engaged in trade participating in the subway: the structure, close to the network points, "Wait a minute" personal services (shareholders: the founder of Aurora Investments Fund and President Boris Karloff BaltinvestBank Yuri Rydnik), and OOO "Vanya", belonging to the fuel restaurant manager Ginza Project holding. All seven objects got "Vanya" for the monthly rental fee RUR 2.774 million. (14 408 rubles. Per 1 sq. M).

In the spring of 2015 the first deputy chief of metro Yuri Degtyarev urged RBC correspondent that "Vanya" was able to independently organize the work in all the kiosks are not attracKaya subtenants. "If I find out that they are engaged in covert subletting, the contract will be terminated," - threatened Degtyarev.

In September 2015, less than six months after the discoveries in "Novokosino" stalls were empty. Perhaps because the company is still rented stalls in the sublease. Available RBC has signed by both parties' agreement on the basic principles of the project "with a kind of" Vector ", according to which the partners engaged in trade in kiosks on" Novokosino "station should share the profit between partner (seller) and LLC" Vector " being "the project operating company." The authenticity of the document confirmed the two managers, who worked at the station "Novokosino". The main owner of "Vanya" and Ginza Project CEO Alexei Volkov did not deny the existence of the document: "We looked at various options for work, it was one of the options. We abandoned it when they realized that it was a breach of contract with the subway. " "Metropolitan has no documentary evidence of the transfer of the factsthe right to trade to third parties. Cessation of trading activities on the part of "Vanya" was a voluntary expression of the will, not related to the breach of contractual obligations "- insists the representative of the Moscow department of transport.

In economic terms the project is not justified calculations now speaks Volkov: "We are very optimistic attitude to him. Passenger traffic is high, but only 3-5% of people went to the shops. Shops Zachodni type more comfortable for the customer, but we had to pay for space that can not be used for commerce. "

The project would be profitable if the rent is 7-7.5 thousand. Rub. instead of 14.4 thousand. rub. for 1 sq. m, and the stalls area would be less, said Volkov (after the failure of underground experiment has lowered the minimum rental rate for future tenants "Novokosino" to 9 thousand. rub.).

Will "Vanya" to bid on is unknown. Ironically, the company's central office until 9 February was recorded in the pavilion at "Novoslobodskaya". But it was demolished.