The Russian government and the Bank of Russia discussed the issue of updating the guidance of one of the largest Russian banks - VTB.
According to the source, in early 2017, First Deputy President - Chairman of VTB Management Board may be Alexandre Vinokourov, the famous financier, former president of the "Amount" and now president of the investment group A1, which is part of the consortium "Alpha-Group".
Alexander Vinokurov 34 years old, he graduated from Cambridge University, and then worked in the London office of Morgan Stanley Bank. In 2006, the financier returned to Russia and became the head of the Moscow office of a major US investment fund TPG Capital. In 2012-2014. He was president of the "Amount", and in December 2014 moved to the A1.
A powerful impetus to the career Vinokourov gave his marriage in 2008 to Ekaterina Lavrova, the daughter of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia. Since then, Sergei Lavrov, in some circles is considered a key lobbyist for his son in law. According to some reports, Russian Foreign Minister discussed with the top political leadership of the country's transition Alexander Vinokourov on the top position in VTB. According to tradition, the hardware that exists in the Russian Federation, major officials - loyal supporters of President Vladimir Putin can count on special forms of remuneration, such as the appointment of senior positions in the public and near-state structures of their close relatives. It was rewarded shortly before leaving office director of the Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR), the former Prime Minister, Mikhail Fradkov, one of his sons became deputy chief of staff of President of the Russian Federation, the other - the first deputy chairman of the State Corporation "Bank for Development and Foreign Economic Affairs (Vnesheconombank) ".
A number of analysts believe that by the end of 2017, Alexander Vinokourov can replace incumbent President - Chairman of the Board of VTB Andrey Kostin. By the last decade of the current backlog of claims associated with a significant amount of toxic loans in the bank's portfolio - but not only.
VTB desperate to get him back together with the Bank of Moscow's troubled assets by 243 billion rubles. The large amounts of content costs Ukrainian VTB. If the total profit of VTB Group, according to international reporting, was 15.4 billion rubles. in the first half of 2016, then the first half of Ukrainian VTB received a loss - 4.9 billion hryvnia (12.49 billion rubles at the exchange rate as of July 1.). Plus non-core assets, gain that VTB began in the 2008-2009 crisis. Borrowers can not repay loans, and banks have to pay in their own collateral. Perhaps this was due to the unprofessional work of risk managers, who could not objectively assess the extent of future disasters.
The proportion of unsecured loans in the midst of the crisis, VTB Bank branches was assessed by 36%. As a result, according to Forbes Russia magazine, on June 1, 2016 VTB is the leader among Russian banks in terms of non-core assets - 542 billion rubles, or 38% of the capital of the group.. And the losses are growing rapidly: in 2012, they amounted to 4.3 billion rubles in 2013-2014.. - By 17.4 billion rubles, in 2015 -. 35.9 billion rubles.
Claims against banks make and the Russian Chamber of Accounts, and the US Commodity Futures Trading Commission. After the additional issue of shares of VTB 180 billion rubles., Conducted in 2009 and purchased by the state for the most part, the Russian share of the bank increased by only 37.3 billion rubles., Said in 2010 the Accounts Chamber. The remaining 142 billion rubles. Bank has issued as its income, which was aimed at covering the losses from the activity. In addition, the state bought VTB shares more than they are really worth at the time. The Audit Chamber was not satisfied: the state has not received the share capital, for which paid. There was a suspicion that the whole operation is needed VTB to embellish their reports. Otherwise, he would have to show a much greater loss than the 59 billion rubles., Which are specified in the 2009 statements of
American Commission accused last September, and the investment bank VTB, "VTB Capital" committed from December 2010 to June 2013, fictitious transactions, and demanded that VTB paid $ 5 million fine. The Commission considered that VTB "VTB Capital" held at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, more than 100 commercial transactions in futures contracts ruble against the dollar by about $ 36 billion.
Sources close to the government's financial unit, say the Ministry of Economic Development was allegedly not satisfied with VTB and supported the idea of updating the bank's management. For which he suffered head of the Ministry Alexei Ulyukayev. As already I wrote "To", the story of Alexei Ulyukayev arrest began with the fact that a head of state bank handed in "Rosneft" information: Minister dissatisfied with the work of the transaction with "Bashneft", without additional compensation. Thus, "the head of the State Bank" has played a mediating role in the plot, which ended a provocation against the minister. Who was this mysterious banker? State-owned banks in Russia is not so much.
It is noteworthy that in the case of the privatization of "Bashneft" (because of which ostensibly Ulyukayev and a bribe was offered) had to do with it, VTB Group, the investment group as a unit, "VTB Capital", was a consultant on the deal. On the question of publication Life, not whether he was a mediator, Andrei Kostin did not answer directly, saying: "It is not for me", than gave an additional reason for suspicion.
Andrei Kostin 60 years, VTB he headed for nearly 15 years - since June 2002. In 2012, he was named among the candidates for the post of Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, but then this post was Andrei Belousov, now - presidential aide on economic issues. Transition probability Alexander Vinokurov from A1 to individual experts VTB Bank explained by the fact that the shareholders of the "Alfa Group" were not quite happy with the performance of the weighty A1 investment projects in 2015-2016.
Some issues aroused attempt Vinokourov together with his father, Semyon Vinokourov, who previously worked in the pharmaceutical industry, to create a private holding in the distribution of drugs by absorption and merger of pharmacy chains "AAI," and "36.6". "Alfa-group" is known for the strict requirements to the management of subsidiaries and a high degree of control over the results of their work, which is not always possible to tell about the state-owned banks, including VTB.
Observers note that the possible appearance of Mr. Vinokourov in top management VTB reflects the general line of authority on the rejuvenation of management of state agencies. We may recall the recent appointment of a contemporary of Alexander Vinokurov - 34-year-old Maxim Oreshkin - Minister of Economic Development and a number of other personnel decisions.
Many financial analysts agree that VTB reform in any case long overdue. Regardless of whether the reforms committed team, Vinokourov or other specialists.