November 2017 was the start of the fourth consecutive year, when the statistics recorded a drop in real disposable incomes of Russians. For the month, the indicator reflecting the amount that remains on hands after all compulsory payments taking into account inflation, fell by another 0.3%, and since the beginning of the year - by 1.4%, the Federal State Statistics Service reported on Tuesday.
The process, which began in October 2014 against the backdrop of the collapse of oil revenues and Western sanctions, for three years devastated the purses of Russian citizens by 11%. In monetary terms, people lost 4.9 trillion rubles - their purchasing power has been so reduced, given that the total income of the population Rosstat estimates at 45.2 trillion rubles a year.
If you exclude the January payment to retirees of 5 thousand rubles, November was the 37th consecutive month, when the incomes of Russians fall or do not grow in real terms, which is a record of statistics since the early 1990s.
In November, the average per capita income in the whole country amounted to 31536 rubles. Compared to the pre-crisis 2013, this amount was more by 5608 rubles, or 21%, but the inflation accumulated during this time "ate" 1.5 times more - 36.4%.
At the level of individual regions, statistics are even more gloomy, and the decline in the standard of living exceeds the national average by several times, says Elena Grishina, head of the Laboratory of Actuarial Forecasting of the Social Sphere of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In Samara, for example, the collapse in the income of the population for 4 years reached 30% (three times the average Russian decline ), in the Chelyabinsk, Kemerovo region and the Republic of Tyva, Perm Krai, Magadan Oblast and the Republic of Komi was 20% or more.
The working population at the same time, salaries are rising - on average in the country, citizens earned 38,720 rugs a month in November. This is 2525 rubles, or 8% more than a year ago.
However, only 10% of the population sees an improvement in their financial situation; 31% complain that their financial situation continues to deteriorate, according to the HSE Center for Conducting Research on the results of the survey in the third quarter.
More than a third of the population (38%) complain about the lack of money, even for the most necessary: 9% of respondents said that they do not have enough for food, 28% can not buy their own clothes.
The final figure for wages is distorted by data on a narrow stratum with high incomes, according to Rosstat: 55% of the population earn no more than 25 thousand rubles a month, and 23% receive less than 15 thousand.
Every sixth Russian worker - a man of working age and officially employed - can not provide for himself and his family: his incomes are lower than the subsistence minimum, given that it is necessary to spend what has been received not only on himself, but also on his relatives, the experts of the analytical center at the government of the Russian Federation: in total this army of "working beggars" is 12.1 million people, or 16.8% of the workforce.
The crisis increases the stratification in society - the rich continue to grow rich, and the poor barely make ends meet. On the level of property inequality, Russia has long bypassed Europe and the United States and reached the Latin American countries, says VEB deputy chairman Andrei Klepach.
The standard of living in the whole country has returned to the levels of 2009, he estimated, and the return to pre-crisis levels will be possible only in the mid-2020s.
From a formal point of view, the recession and the crisis have come to an end: GDP in positive territory for the fourth consecutive quarter, but recession in purses continues - this means that economic growth does not have a qualitative basis, and the accumulation of value added is due to inefficient projects and unproductive expenditures, the director of the Center for Market- research of the Higher School of Economics Georgy Ostapkovic. This, for example, investments in the defense industry and megaprojects, like the Kerch bridge and objects for the 2018 World Cup. According to the forecast of ACRA, in 2017 the decline in revenues will be 0.2%, and in the next three years growth will hardly exceed 1%.