The company Igor Chaika power overwhelmed with garbage

The state began to non-publicly select the first draft of the reform of the garbage.
By the end of June, a list of projects should be announced that will initiate garbage reform - the construction of sorting complexes, processing plants, landfills, etc. In June, the first 20 projects will be selected, the Russian Ecological Operator (REO) reported earlier. Applications from almost 60 regions for 101 billion rubles have been collected, Denis Butsaev, general director of the REO, said at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum in early June. What projects are already selected, by what criteria and what amount will be allocated for their support, the representative of the REO does not comment. The operator must submit the projects by the end of the month, then they will be considered by the supervisory board of the REA, said the representative of the Ministry of Environment.

Charter Company (operator in Moscow, Yaroslavl and Tula regions) submitted applications for two projects with a total value of 2 billion rubles. in the Tula and Yaroslavl regions, told Vedomosti its owner Igor Chaika. These will be complexes for sorting and recycling municipal waste. Organic material will be recycled into compost, and the company is going to make plastic containers for its own needs. In order to load capacities, the Charter plans to modernize the sorting complex on Altufevskoe highway in Moscow.

The REO is ready to finance less than 50% of the cost of the selected projects, Butsayev said, and on a returnable basis. The rate will be several times smaller than the market rate (now an average of 10.5–11%), money will be provided for a period of over 15 years. Debt REO in the project structure may be younger, that is, have a lower priority when returning than the money of investors or banks, said Butsaev.

The Charter plans to finance its part of projects from its own funds. “Profit in recent years is not removed from the company, but reinvested in development,” said Chaika.
Another major player - the Clean City group of companies submitted seven projects from five regions of the Southern Federal District (Astrakhan, Rostov, Volgograd Regions, Kalmykia and Adygea) for more than 6 billion rubles for consideration to the REO, the chairman of the board of directors cities »Polina Vergun.

These are objects for the treatment and disposal of waste, including recycling.

The structure of "Rostec" company "RT-invest" (the largest operator for waste management of the Moscow region) has not yet disclosed its offer of REO, said its representative. For the time being, the companies cooperate only on the installation of recycling machines.

Support for the REO will be given to the projects most needed by the regions, as well as the most developed ones, a top manager of one of the market participants believes. In the field of waste management, 23 concession tenders were announced worth a total of 38.8 billion rubles, as well as 10 private initiatives with total investments of 15.8 billion rubles, according to the National Association of Concessionaires and long-term investors in infrastructure (NAICD) on June 17.

The struggle for state support has aggravated the confrontation between companies in the regions, a top manager of one of the market participants comments: A REO can help only one project. Those who claimed to be the regional operator, but were not chosen, decided that this was their chance to stay in business, says the source of Vedomosti.

In total, it will be necessary to attract about 300 billion rubles to reform the industry. private money, said earlier Butsaev. But, according to NAKDI, over the past 10 years there were only 19 projects worth 30 billion rubles in the field of municipal waste management.

The selection criteria are unclear, says KPMG analyst Ivan Barsola. While the methodology is not made public, it is difficult to understand how support will be distributed, agrees Daria Godunova, managing partner of Pioneers PPP. There are many questions from regional investors about the selection methodology, said Alexander Dolgov, partner and head of PPP and infrastructure practice at Squire Patton Boggs. REO is a new company and not all procedures are fully debugged, therefore the appearance of criteria that are understandable to the market is a matter of the near future, he is sure. Another problem is extremely tight deadlines for project selection, says Barsola.

The choice of projects is extremely important, says NAKDI executive director Svetlana Bik: this toll road worries only those who drive it, and the ecology concerns everyone. The first step is sometimes necessary to do in extreme conditions, and the newly connected to the garbage reform REO, apparently, it is in such conditions, says Bick, but expects that in the future the company will become more transparent and public.