The fate of Uralvagonzavod

Rostec is creating a tank monopoly.
As it became known to Kommersant, the main candidate for the position of the General Director of Uralvagonzavod problem (DC), which President Vladimir Putin yesterday gave "Rostec". According to sources, instead of Oleg Siyenko Uralvagonzavod will lead the ministry's deputy head Alexander Potapov. He will have to deal with the billions of dollars of debt the company, formed mainly due to the loss Railcar business, and form-based Uralvagonzavod and "Kurgan" combined armored holding.

According to "Kommersant", the draft decree on the transfer of 100% in keeping UVZ "Rostec" preparing for a month and at the end of last week with a visa premier Dmitry Medvedev was sent to the Kremlin. Yesterday Vladimir Putin has signed the document, authorizing the government to ensure the transfer of "Rostec" Uralvagonzavod shares, a number of research institutes and enterprises co-operation within 18 months. Uralvagonzavod and "Kurganmashzavod" (passed "Rostec" of Concern "Tractor plants"), may form the basis of armored holding, as have similar competences, the head of state corporation, Sergei Chemezov. The Uralvagonzavod "Kommersant" reported that have always held a position on the establishment of a joint armored Corporation "as the next stage of development of Uralvagonzavod."

The immediate reason for the transfer to the Uralvagonzavod "Rostec" became a heavy financial condition of the enterprise. "It is necessary to carry out rehabilitation, there is quite large debts, - said Mr. Chemezov.- They were formed due to the fact that there was a company" Uralvagonzavod-Logistik ", which itself bought cars, as RZD (more precisely, the rail operators, RZD wagons almost directly vladeet.- "b"), do not buy them for two consecutive three years. This was done in order not to stop production. " Mr. Chemezov said yesterday that the main duty will be to pay off through the sale of "Uralvagonzavod-Logistics" (UVZL).

But, according to "Kommersant", the government wants a careful selection of potential buyers, as an option, lobbied the leadership Uralvagonzavod (UVZL sale of 3 billion rubles. With rewriting the debt of 23 billion rubles.), The White House is not satisfied.

The financial situation of the civil division UVZ not cause problems until 2014, when the profitability of cars fell out of their surplus. All wagon builders in 2015 stood as the main buyers - Freight Vladimir Lisin and Federal Freight Railways JSC - turned purchases. Selling cars Captive operator UVZL was only possible to a limited extent: from the high debt (. 25 billion rubles to UVZ and about 60 billion rub.- lessors) banks stopped funding it. UVZ promptly served defense procurement (supply of tanks T-72B3 and T-90 self-propelled artillery "MSTA-C"), and has successfully led the development of new military equipment (tanks T-14, "Armata" and self-propelled artillery, "the Coalition"), the source "b" in the Ministry of Defense. "But when the debt by tens of billions, to rely on salvation in the form of ordering the Ministry of Defense does not have to - return to our contracts is 3-5%," - said "Kommersant" source.

Opt out of the pit the demand for cars has started only this year. Exit regulations to support customers innovative rolling stock (in May) and railcar (in July) loaded Uralvagonzavod orders in the second half of the year. By the fall Holding agreed with steelmakers, raised for the first half of the price of the metal wagon by 70% and armor by 13-22%: a formula for the metal price is valid until the end of the year. In 2017 the holding planned supply of 14.5 thousand. Cars, which is 45% higher than the plan for 2016.

Sergei Chemezov did not specify whether the dismissed general director Oleg Siyenko Corporation. But a number of top managers of defense enterprises and senior government staff told "Kommersant" that the issue of replacing the head Uralvagonzavod "practically resolved," personnel changes will occur in the first quarter of 2017. Sources "Kommersant" said that now under the selection of potential candidates, but as the most likely mate Mr Siyenko called the deputy head of Industry and Trade Alexander Potapov, who oversees the defense industry. Top managers in the industry describe him as a "human systemic" and "crisis manager" that can deal with the problems Uralvagonzavod. According to the interlocutor, "Kommersant", close to the presidential administration, the entry in the Uralvagonzavod "Rostec" and will be accompanied by changes in its Board of Directors: Board leaves the Assistant to the President for Personnel Affairs Eugene School, who was its chairman from 2011.

The main problem UVZ, says the head of the "Infoline-Analysts' Mikhail Burmistrov, that having the opportunity to become the first manufacturer of innovative cars (models appeared in 2009), the company switched to them completely, and continued release and model cars. If in 2012-2013 focused on the Uralvagonzavod production innovagonov, by the middle of 2014, he would become the leader in their production, rental rates have UVZL Park would be higher by about 200 rubles. a day, and additional revenue for the years 2013-2015 would exceed 5 billion rubles. Another problem UVZ: a strong backlog of its main competitor - HVAC Alexander Nesis - the number of service centers.