One of the last political long-livers
The head of the Kaluga region, Anatoly Artamonov, whose powers expire in 2020, will not run for a new term. The 67-year-old governor may resign during the next rotation of heads of regions, told two close to the administration of the president source RBC.
In the past few years, the Kremlin has traditionally arranged for governors to rotate twice a year - in the fall, after a single day of voting, and in the spring. Autumn resignations usually take place according to the criterion of efficiency / inefficiency, spring - according to the electoral principle, that is, the ability of governors to be elected for a new term, RBC was told earlier by one of the closest to the presidential administration.
Artamonov as the governor is in good standing in the presidential administration, but his almost 20-year tenure at the head of the region affects people's attitudes - psychological fatigue of citizens is felt, explains a source close to the Kremlin. Artamonov himself understands this, he adds.
The Kaluga governor set himself the task: to retire if possible, to speed up the construction of a large facility - the Palace of Sport, another interlocutor close to the presidential administration said. According to the plans, the construction of the Palace of Sports should be completed in 2020.
"As the president will say, the question will be solved so," said Artamonov in a conversation with RBC. “I still have to work for a year and a half,” added the governor. When asked whether he plans to be re-elected in 2020, the head of the Kaluga region said: "This question is not for me." “I have a president, I work on the president’s team. As the president says, this is what I will do, ”he added.
Anatoly Artamonov became head of the region in 2000, he is currently completing his fifth term in this post. Longer Artamonov’s governor’s post is occupied only by the head of the Belgorod Region, Yevgeny Savchenko, who headed the region in 1993. In third place is Sergey Morozov, the governor of the Ulyanovsk region, who accepted the subject in 2004.
Last year, a number of political long-livers resigned - Governor of the Kemerovo Region (since 1997) Aman Tuleyev, Governor of the Lipetsk Region (since 1998) Oleg Korolev, Governor of the Kursk Region (since 2000) Alexander Mikhailov, Governor of the Astrakhan Region (since 2004 th) Alexander Zhilkin, head of the Altai Territory (since 2005) Alexander Karlin.
The governor, who are generally satisfied
Anatoly Artamonov is considered one of the most successful Russian governors. Some of his former subordinates went for a serious increase: Maxim Akimov, formerly deputy Artamonov, became deputy prime minister; another former deputy, Nikolai Lyubimov, in 2017 became the governor of the Ryazan region.
Closed polls for the presidential administration, conducted in March, showed that according to the assessment of governors' activities by the population, Artamonov is 41st among the heads of regions, two sources familiar with the research data told RBC. 55% of residents rated it positively, 30% negatively.
In terms of trust, according to the same research, Artamonov in March took the 39th place. About the confidence in the governor said 52% of citizens, about distrust - 38%.
At the same time, the opinions of supporters and opponents of the change of governor were divided approximately equally. For the change of Artamonov, 40% of citizens were in favor, against 42%. By the criterion of the request to replace the head of the region, he took the 56th place among the governors.
“Artamonov is one of the successful governors: under his rule, the Kaluga Region began to become the leader of economic development and investment attraction as early as the 2000s. But in general, he has been in charge of the region for almost 20 years, and the rotation is quite predictable, ”said Dmitry Badovsky, chairman of the board of directors of the Institute for Socio-Economic and Political Studies (ISEPI). Over the past three years, the gubernatorial corps has been purposefully updated - the leaders have changed already in 43 regions, and this trend will certainly continue, the expert says. “Moreover, in many regions there is a request for renewal and rotation of power, which is perceived by people as an opportunity for a new dynamic of the territory’s development. And this request is sociologically fixed fairly stable, ”states Badovsky.
The development of the Kaluga region slowed down
The Kaluga Region has average indicators of socio-economic development in Central Russia, and in recent years its relative position has deteriorated rather than improved.
Real wages in the region since 2011 (one of the targets of the old May decree) grew by only 11.8%, and this is one of the worst results in the Central Federal District (leader, Tula region, wage growth over the same period was almost 23%).
The average cash incomes of the residents of the Kaluga region have stagnated since 2016; they amounted to 28.9 thousand rubles at the end of last year. - This is an indicator of the upper echelon in the federal district, but still less than in the Lipetsk, Voronezh and Belgorod regions, as well as in Moscow and the Moscow region.
At the same time, the level of poverty is growing: the proportion of citizens with incomes below the subsistence minimum increased in 2018 to 10.9% (this is worse than in Kursk, Lipetsk, Belgorod, Voronezh regions), although in 2012 the figure was only 8.5 %
Approximately in the middle in the Central Federal District, the region is in terms of life expectancy - 71.9 years at the end of last year (less than in the whole district - 74 years).
In terms of investment in gross regional product, Kaluga Region is now inferior to Kursk, Lipetsk, Tambov, Tver, Tula, Kursk and Voronezh. Investments have fallen dramatically in recent years: from 33.5% in 2013 (then the region was in the lead in this indicator) to 21.3% in 2017 (the latest Rosstat data). In 2018, investments in fixed assets in the region decreased by 16.9% - the worst result in the Central Federal District after the Tambov region.
In the structure of the Kaluga industry, the largest share is occupied by the auto industry - more than 35%, according to the regional Ministry of Economic Development (Volkswagen, Volvo, Peugeot-Citroen plants). The region collects more than 11% of all cars in Russia (the third place among the regions). But overall, industrial production is not growing as fast as in the Bryansk, Belgorod, Tambov, Tver and Yaroslavl regions, its growth has decreased from 12.3% in 2017 to 4.5% in 2018.