The son is responsible for the father: what Rauf and Raul Arashukovs are accused of

The senator from Karachay-Cherkessia and his influential father from Gazprom are charged with political killings and theft of gas.
Senator from Karachay-Cherkessia (KCR), Rauf Arashukov, was detained on Wednesday right during a plenary session of the Federation Council. Before the meeting, which was announced closed, the Prosecutor General Yury Chaika and the Chairman of the Investigation Committee (TFR), Alexander Bastrykin, entered the hall, after which the senators voted to remove immunity from Arashukov and he was detained. On Wednesday evening, the Basmanny Court arrested Arashukov. On the same day, Raul Arashukov’s father Raul was detained in Petersburg: he was suspected of involvement in the theft of gas worth more than 30 billion rubles.

Killings from the past

The TFR called the Arashukovs' detention part of the “large-scale work on decriminalization” of the KCR. According to the Ministry, investigative actions were carried out in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Stavropol, Makhachkala, Yessentuki, Nevinnomyssk, Budyonnovsk, Astrakhan, and the total number of investigative and operational groups was more than 200 people.

Rauf Arashukov is charged under three articles of the Criminal Code - Part 3 of Art. 210 (participation in the criminal community), Part 4 of Art. 309 (pressure on the witness) and Part 2 of Art. 105 (murder). According to the investigation, Arashukov Jr. was involved in the assassinations of the leader of the youth Circassian movement "Adyghe Khase" Aslan Zhukov and adviser to the president of the KCR Frail Shebzukhov in 2010, as well as pressure on the witness of the murder of Zhukov. According to the TFR, the initial criminal case on the facts of these killings was investigated by the territorial investigating authorities (i.e., the TFR office for the KCR). “For a long time, especially grave crimes remained unsolved. Subsequently, on the personal instructions of the chairman of the TFR, the criminal case was transferred to Moscow. As a result, it was possible to obtain evidence of the involvement of Rauf Arashukov in organizing the killings, ”the statement reads.

According to a man in law enforcement, local investigators obtained direct testimony on Rauf Arashukov in connection with the murder of Shebzukhov from his perpetrators, but did not attach any importance to them. The source of the attack on Shebzukhov was his intractability, the source explained: Arashukov sought to occupy the post of prime minister of the republic, for which Shebzukhov claimed. In this case, the murder was not planned, but Shebzukhov resisted and was killed. The relatives of the murdered man managed to get an appointment with Bastrykin, which led to the revitalization of the case. In addition, Arashukova Jr., relations with some regional and federal leaders have deteriorated, the source adds. As a result, investigators engaged in investigating the killings in the KCR (Arashukov’s involvement in the murder of several more people is now being checked) also drew attention to the gas affairs of Arashukov Sr.

A spokeswoman for the head of the KCR, Rashid Temrezov, whose representative in the Federation Council is Arashukov, did not answer Vedomosti’s calls. On Wednesday afternoon, Govorit Moskva radio station, citing employees of the reception office of the KCR, said that Temrezov "would not comment on this issue himself."

Glavred "Caucasian Knot" Grigory Shvedov believes that the situation with the arrest of the senator should be considered in the context of the model of the fight against corruption, which is now actively used in Dagestan. Since December, detentions of executives began, including in the gas industry, among those arrested - the head of Gazprom Mezhregiongaz Makhachkala, the expert reminds. The role of Gazprom is especially obvious against the background of an attempt to write off the debt for gas in Chechnya, notes Shvedov. But the main question, in his opinion, is how far the Dagestan scenario can be applied in other regions of the North Caucasus. For now, there is no definite answer to this question, but the detention of the Arashukovs may be the first signal for regional elites.

Local specifics

59-year-old Raul Arashukov is one of the most influential people not only in Karachevo-Cherkessia, but also in the entire North Caucasus. He gained influence and wealth by heading various regional structures of Gazprom. Close businessmen say that after the death of his eldest son, another son - Rauf, he spoiled. And spoiled to such an extent that in the last 2-3 years, he became unmanageable, says one of his friends. Already at the age of 20, Rauf became a deputy of the Stavropol City Duma, at 23 he became the Minister of Labor and Social Development of the KCR, at 24 he became the Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic. A year later, he was elected head of the Khabez District of the KCR, and at the age of 31 he became the youngest member of the Federation Council.

“The older Rauf became, the more his thirst for power would wake up in him,” says one of Raul Arashukov’s acquaintances. “He always tried on different positions: he was twice the head of the districts, deputy chairman of the republican government, deputy of the National Assembly of the KCR.” The struggle for power pushed him on various adventures and eventually cost him his freedom, the source continues.

Rauf sought to position himself as a person who is able to lead the Circassian people. This is important in the republic, where the national question is always acute and even the positions of leaders are distributed along national lines (usually the head of the republic is Karachay, the head of government is Russian ). Arashukov tried to persuade Zhukov to raise people and storming to take the local White House. This was conceived by analogy with the events of 2005, when representatives of another NKR nation — the Abazins — actually stormed the White House, demanding the creation of the Abaza district, and achieved their goal, avoiding repression. The new assault on Arashukov was to demonstrate his influence and ability to consolidate the people. He wanted to be a leader on which peace in the region depends, the source told Vedomosti. But Zhukov didn’t go for it, he recorded this conversation on a dictaphone and threatened Arashukov with publishing it, which ultimately cost him his life. However, according to another version, this record was kept by representatives of the special services.

Confirms the source and the version of the source in law enforcement agencies about the murder of Shebzukhov. The day before his death, the public organization "Adyghe Khasa" admonished him to the post of prime minister, which he was about to be offered. But this post wanted to occupy Rauf, and the people whom he allegedly asked to “slightly scare” Shebzukhov, so that he would refuse from the post, eventually beat him with bats, and then shot him.

In general, Arashukov Jr. gained a reputation in the republic as a petty tyrant who is trying to solve all issues with force and money, one of the local deputies of the republican parliament says. For example, he actually controls two Circassian districts of KCR - Khabezsky and Adyge-Khablsky, they are headed by his appointees, and in fact, without the knowledge of Rauf, none of the residents can do anything - neither start building, nor open a business, the source said. “Arashukovs had a lot of money,” adds the deputy. - Everywhere, whenever possible, they put their people on key posts, especially in law enforcement, and then they were given apartments and cars. And when people of Arashukovs got into unpleasant situations, these people covered them. ”

Since Rauf began to show political activity, the relations of the two most influential Circassian families in the KCR, Arashukovy and Derevykh, deteriorated. Historically, Trees have been more influential in the Circassian community. In 1999, the eldest of the Derevykh brothers Stanislav, who worked as mayor of Cherkessk, ran for president of the republic, the elections almost ended in armed conflict. Derev received in the first round 43.1% of the vote, and the former commander-in-chief of the Land Forces, Karachai Vladimir Semenov - 17.9%. Acts of terror, shelling and arson of the election headquarters of both candidates began in the republic. In the second round, Semenov received 75%, and Derev - 18%, after which the clashes acquired an international character, and the Circassians began to demand autonomy. Vladimir Putin, who was then prime minister, had to intervene in the conflict. He convinced the Tree to recognize Semenov as president. And after the death of the elder Tree, his brothers Vyacheslav and Murat retained the position of informal leaders among the Russian Circassians. Their friends say that at one of the events of “Adyghe Khase” Vyacheslav Derev allegedly threw to senior Arashukov: the difference between us is that we earned our money in business, and you stole yours (Trees started their business with the cooperative “Mercury”, who was engaged in confectionery, and later created a group of companies "Mercury", which produced vodka, and now - mineral water and meat products).

The loudest sentences against current and former senators in the last 10 years

Levon Chakhmakhchyan

The representative of Kalmykia on the Federation Council Chakhmakhchyan was deprived of parliamentary immunity in June 2006. According to investigators, he fraudulently received $ 300,000 from the management of Transaero Airlines. According to the prosecution, the money was part of a $ 1.5 million bribe Chakhmakhchyan companies and his associates. In 2008, Chakhmakhchyan was sentenced to 7.5 years in prison for attempted fraud, in January 2011 he was released early.

Igor Izmestyev

Izmestyev, who represented Bashkiria in the Council of Federation in 2001–2006, was detained in 2007 on charges of organizing crimes committed in the 1990s. In particular, he was charged with an attempt on the son of the former president of Bashkiria Ural Rakhimov and the murder of the former chief accountant of Bashneftekhimtorg CJSC Valery Speransky and Moscow notary Galina Perepelkina. In 2010, Izmestiev was sentenced to life imprisonment, a petition for clemency filed in 2017 was rejected.

Alexander Sabadash

The owner of the St. Petersburg distillery Liviz Sabadash from 2003 to 2006 represented the Nenets Autonomous District in the upper chamber. Chairman of the Federation Council Sergey Mironov unsuccessfully sought to deprive him of the powers of the senator for combining parliamentary activity with entrepreneurial activity. In 2014, Sabadash was arrested and in 2015 he was sentenced to six years in prison for attempting to defraud the return of VAT at 1.8 billion rubles.

Devletkhan Alikhanov
Alikhanov, who represented Karelia in the Federation Council in 2010 for six months, was sentenced to six years in prison for fraud in 2017: according to investigators, he privatized 13 real estate properties belonging to the mayor’s office of Petrozavodsk and sold them to him people. In December 2018, the Presidium of the Supreme Court of Russia acquitted Alikhanov, but after a protest from the Prosecutor General’s Office, he canceled his previous decision, and the ex-senator, who had been released, was again arrested.

Konstantin Tsybko

Tsybko, who had been representing the Chelyabinsk Region in Sovfed since December 2010, was deprived of immunity in June 2014 at the request of the Prosecutor General’s Office. A criminal case was opened against him about taking a bribe on a large scale: according to the investigators, Tsybko received at least 11 million rubles. from the head of administration of Ozersk for his assistance in appointing him and 10 million rubles. - from a local entrepreneur for lobbying for his commercial interests. In 2017, the court sentenced Tsybko to nine years in prison.

Gas for dead souls

From 2002, Raul Arashukov worked in the system of Gazprom Mezhregiongaz subsidiaries in the Stavropol Territory, in 2010 he headed Gazprom Mezhregiongaz Pyatigorsk, and since 2012 he is advisor to the general director of Gazprom Mezhregiongaz ). Gazprom Mezhregiongaz Pyatigorsk is a subsidiary of Gazprom Mezhregiongaz, which until 2017 was engaged in supplying gas to consumers in five republics: Karachay-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Dagestan, Ingushetia and North Ossetia.

According to investigators, Arashukov Sr. "contributed to the appointment of his relatives and friends to various positions" in the company responsible for selling gas in the region. They, in turn, "provided for the conclusion of contracts for the supply of a larger volume of gas to the gas industry in the North Caucasus Federal District than was necessary for the needs of consumers," and stole the gas, selling it to companies and individuals for cash. "They created the conditions for the theft of gas supplied to non-existent consumers," adds the TFR.

Mr. Rulan Arashukov’s nephew, Ruslan Arashukov, general director of Gazprom Mezhregiongaz Maykop, Ruslan Arashukov, ex-director of Gazprom Gas Distribution Cherkessk, Guzer Khashukaev, ex-head of Gazprom Mezhregiongaz Stavropol Nikolai Romanov, and the current general director of this company Igor Travan, and the current general director of this company Igor Travard, Igor Travzar, and his current general director, Igor Travra, and the current general director of this enterprise, Igor Traman, Igor Mezhregiongaz Stavropol, Nikolai Romanov, and the current general director of this enterprise, Igor Travra, Igor Travre, and his current general director, Igor Travra, called the trader. Investigative actions are carried out with them, they are supposed to be detained, the TFR reported. Officially, the TFR reports that the embezzlement took place "several years." Considered episodes from 2006 to the present, said the source "Vedomosti".

One of the highest tariffs for the population is in Karachay-Cherkessia, follows from the materials of the Gazprom Mezhregiongaz branch. If we assume that the embezzlement occurred evenly since 2006, the average tariff for the population of the KCR will be about 4.5 rubles. for 1 cu. m of gas. In order to cause damage in the amount of 30 billion rubles, the defendants from 2006 had to sell more than 6.5 billion cubic meters of "left". m of gas, or more than 500 million cubic meters. m annually. For comparison: the total consumption of individual KCHR and Dagestan in 2018 amounted to about 0.87 billion and 3.5 billion cubic meters. m, respectively, knows one of the interlocutors "Vedomosti".

As of May 1, 2017, the percentage of collection of payments for gas from the population in Russia was 95.8%, follows from the Gazprom Mezhregiongaz materials. In the North Caucasus Federal District, this indicator was 41.2% (decreased by 4.3% compared with 2016). As of December 1, 2018, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria and Ingushetia were among the top 5 non-payer regions. The amount of overdue debt of these regions in the category of "population" was about 12.9 billion rubles, or about 34% of the total in Russia (37.9 billion rubles).