The wealthiest: Leonid Mikhelson, Vagit Alekperov, Gennady Timchenko

Oil industry workers, gas producers and metallurgists are the most successful businessmen in the Forbes list of the richest people. But there are exceptions.
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For Russian billionaires, the year 2018 was not an easy one. The publication of the “Kremlin list”, which included 96 businessmen - members of the Russian part of the Forbes global rating, and the subsequent personal sanctions against seven of them largely changed the perception and self-awareness of Russian business.

But in economic terms, the wind blew in the back of the richest people in Russia, many of whom are based on the extraction and export of raw materials. In 2018, the price of oil for several months was kept at a high, almost pre-crisis level - $ 70 per barrel. Russia exported record volumes of gas to the European Union. Domestic metallurgy, the oil and gas industry and the chemical industry remain one of the most stable and profitable sectors of the economy. Companies were surprised by strong operating and financial performance and generous dividend payouts. Assistant to the President Andrei Belousov, who offered to withdraw more than 500 billion rubles of "super-profits" from some companies, drew attention to this. Owners of oil and gas and steel companies managed to get rich more than other members of the Forbes list. However, among them there is one exception.

Leonid Michelson

Condition: $ 24 billion

Got rich on $ 6 billion

Source of condition: gas

Mikhelson owes his success primarily to the growth of the capitalization of his key asset, Novatek, the largest independent gas producer, in which he owns 24.76%.

Vagit Alekperov

Status: $ 20.7 billion

Got rich by $ 4.3 billion

Source of state: oil, investment

In March 2018, for the first time Lukoil overtook Rosneft and Gazprom for capitalization, becoming the second-largest Russian company after Sberbank.

Gennady Timchenko

Status: $ 20.1 billion

Got rich by $ 4.1 billion

Source of wealth: investment

Gennady Timchenko is a partner of Leonid Mikhelson for Novatek (23.5%) and Sibur (17%). In the summer of 2018, information appeared that Sibur was preparing for an IPO. Placement may take place already this year. Preliminary valuation of the company is $ 20–26 billion.

Vladimir Lisin

Status: $ 21.3 billion

Got rich on $ 2.2 billion

Source of state: metallurgy, transport

Vladimir Lisin - the main beneficiary of the Novolipetsk Metallurgical Combine (84% of shares), in 2018 he headed the rating of the richest Russian businessmen. His condition continues to grow. Over the year, NLMK received more than $ 2.2 billion in net profit - this figure increased by 54% compared to 2017, annual revenues exceeded $ 12 billion, an increase of 19.7%.
Vladimir Potanin

Status: $ 18.1 billion

Got rich on $ 2.2 billion

Source of state: metallurgy

Vladimir Potanin owns 30% of Norilsk Nickel, one of the world's largest producers of nickel and palladium. In 2018, Norilsk Nickel's net profit increased by 44% to $ 3.06 billion, EBITDA increased by 56% to $ 6.23 billion, revenue increased by 28% to $ 11.67 billion due to higher prices for metals and volume growth copper production.

Leonid Fedun

Status: $ 8.7 billion

Got rich by $ 1.8 billion

Source of state: oil, finance

Vagit Alekperov's junior partner in Lukoil, Leonid Fedun, also did not remain in the red. However, unlike Alekperov, who increased his stake in Lukoil (he bought a 0.15% stake in a year), Fedun reduced his stake. In November, a businessman transferred to his children a 2% stake in an oil company worth about $ 1.2 billion.

Alexey Mordashov

Status: $ 20.5 billion

Got rich by $ 1.8 billion

Source of state: metallurgy, tourism, engineering

Alexey Mordashov is the main shareholder (77%) and chairman of the board of directors of the metallurgical giant Severstal. An impressive growth in company profits (by 51% per year) allowed her to increase dividends to a record high. The total amount of dividends for 2018 increased by 46% compared with 2017 and amounted to 135 billion rubles (160.7 rubles per share).
Roman Abramovich

Status: $ 12.4 billion

Got rich on $ 1.6 billion
Source of state: metallurgy, investment

The pledge of the welfare of the billionaire is a large (30.52%) stake in the metallurgical company Evraz. The company's net profit in 2018 almost tripled to $ 2.47 billion, consolidated revenues increased by 18.5% to $ 12.827 billion. EBITDA increased by 43.9% to $ 3.777 billion - a record figure since 2008. Evraz was able to pay dividends of about $ 1.6 billion.

Alexander Abramov

Status: $ 6.2 billion

Got rich on $ 1 billion

Source of state: metallurgy

In the 1990s, Abramov, along with Alexander Frolov, gained control over three steel mills, on the basis of which the Evraz mining group was established. Now Abramov owns 21.09% Evraz.

Pavel Durov

Status: $ 2.7 billion

Got rich on $ 1 billion

Source of state: Telegram messenger

Over the past year, analysts have recorded almost twice the growth of Telegram’s audience, to 200 million users. In addition, Durov reported on the successful attraction of $ 1.7 billion during the ICO. What will this money go to? The market has long been waiting for Durov to launch a TON-based Telegram blockchain project.