Since January 1, "the law on the collectors" comes into force, which introduces a number of restrictions on debt collection. In particular, the document prohibits to threaten, to intimidate and to provide other measures of influence on the debtor. The law also limits the time for collectors to communicate with debtors: from 8:00 to 22:00 on weekdays, and from 9:00 to 20:00 on weekends. Violation of the law results in a fine from 50 to 500 thousand rubles and the suspension of activities for 90 days. Collector agencies not included into the special register face a fine from 200 thousand to 2 million rubles.
Since January 1, begins a gradual increase in the retirement age of state and municipal employees. The retirement age will increase by six months every year until it reaches 63 years for women and 65 for men.
From 1 January Russia begins to apply a new form of punishment: forced labor. FSIN will open the first four correctional center in the colonies in the Tyumen Oblast (Ishim), Stavropol Krai (Georgiyevsk), the Tambov Oblast (Zelyony) and the Primorye Krai (Ussuriysk). Forced labor will be applied to persons convicted for crimes of small and medium gravity for the first time or for a felony (from two months to five years).
Since January 1, a law on news aggregator with a daily audience of more than 1 million people comes into force. According to the document, the owners of the services must check the accuracy of the information and to respond to the requirements of Roskomnadzor. For non-observance, they can be fined from 600 thousand to 1 million rubles, for repeated violation — from 1.5 million to 3 million rubles.
Since January 1, enters into force the so-called Google tax binding foreign companies to pay VAT on the the Internet sales of multimedia content (e-books, music, games). Google, Nintendo and Amazon have already announced that they will raise the prices for digital content by 18-20%.
Since January 1, "electronization" will be implemented in several areas. Firstly, one can now submit an electronic application, complaint or representation in court. To do this, it is necessary to fill out the form on the official website of the court and put an electronic signature. Second, the hospitals introduced electronic sick leaves, which will be stored in the database of FSS. It will help to fight against fake sick leaves and save money on letterhads.
Since January 1, insurers will also be required to ensure the purchase of CTP insurance policy electronically. In the absence of such opportunitiy, companies face fines of 300 thousand rubles. Car owners who reported false information at registration of insurance (for example, to reduce its price), may have to pay the sum previously paid to the insurance company.
New vehicles, including imported in Russia, shall now be equipped with the ERA-GLONASS system. Without the installation of the device, vehicle logbooks will not be issued.
Since January 1, the cadastral value of the real estate will be evaluated by state-financed institutions, and not by individual evaluators. It is possible to submit documents for registration of rights and accounting of objects to any Multifunctional Document Center, regardless of the location of the object.
The owners of flats and country houses not registered by the tax authorities, if they didn't pay taxes, face debt payments for the last three years, plus a fine of 20% of the total outstanding amount.
Since January 1, the priority of Russian goods will be set for state procurement. The order of precedence depends on the method of purchase. For example, if the auction winner participant offered foreign goods, the said price is reduced by 15%.
Since January 1, yhe excise tax on diesel fuel will grow up to 6.8 thousand rubles per tonne; on electronic cigarettes to 40 rubles for the device and 10 rubles for 1 ml of liquid. In 2017, excise rates on cars, alcohol and tobacco products will also rise. On cigarettes — up to 1562 rubles for 1 thousand cigarettes plus 14.5% of the estimated cost of cigarettes, on all kinds of tobacco — to 2520 rubles. 1 kg. On foreign champagne and wine — up to 36 and 18 rubles per liter, respectively; for the Russian-made ones — up to 14 and 5 rubles.
Since January 1, the visa regime between Russia and Japan will be simplified. The validity of multiple-entry visas for Russians, with the possibility of continuous stay up to 90 days, increased to five years, visas with continuous stay up to 30 days — up to three years. In addition, in case of an independent trip a person does not need to have a guarantor of reception.
Since January 1, migrant workers from the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEC) will have access to the services of compulsory health insurance. Social security of workers and their families, in addition to pension, will be provided on the same terms as for the Russians. The EAEC besides Russia includes Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.