The largest buyer of Russian energy resources in Europe - Germany - intends to radically revise its energy policy, including plans for the purchase of fossil fuels abroad.
The corresponding program is embedded in the coalition agreement, which the acting Chancellor Angela Merkel signed with the Social Democrats party to form the government and stay in power for the fourth 4-year term.
The document, agreed upon after 3 months of negotiations, will become an action plan for the new cabinet of ministers, whose work will begin on March 14. It involves accelerated development of renewable energy, accelerated abandonment of hydrocarbon fuel and diversification of sources of its supply.
According to Deutsche Welle, according to the plan Merkel, in the next 12 years the share of sun, wind and biomass in the generation of electricity in Germany should be doubled. Already, renewable sources provide 33% of energy consumption, and by 2030 this figure should grow to 66%.
In the next 2 years, the capacity of wind farms and solar panels is planned to increase by 8 gigawatts, which is equivalent to the construction of 7-8 nuclear power plants.
The first to strike are Russian coal miners, for which Germany is the 8th largest export market. Until the end of the year, the government of Germany sets the task of developing a plan for the complete abandonment of coal-fired power plants. The oldest and most harmful from the point of view of carbon dioxide emissions will begin to be closed as early as 2019.
Next "under the knife" will go gas generation, which now provides 12% of the energy balance of Germany. Contrary to the hopes of Gazprom, which counts on the growth of Europe's energy needs, Berlin intends to cut its output by half by 2050 due to "energy saving and energy efficiency in all spheres of life."
The demand for gas turbines for power plants has already collapsed, Siemens chairman Joe Kezer said in January: compared to 2014, sales fell almost 2 times (from 200 to 110 units per year), and the concern was forced to start cutting 6,000 jobs Their factories producing equipment for stations on fossil fuels.
There is not a word on the development of gas cooperation with Russia, including the construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline in terms of Merkel. On the contrary, according to the document, Germany aims to diversify sources of supply.
To this end, following Poland, the Baltic States and the countries of the former Yugoslavia, Berlin intends to begin creating an infrastructure for the purchase of LNG. The terminal for receiving liquefied gas is expected to be built in the port of Wilhelmshaven in the North Sea.
For Russia, Germany is a key export market for gas, which in 2017 accounted for 53.4 billion cubic meters, or 27% of all supplies to the European Union.