Although Russian President Vladimir Putin, after signing the law in 2016, ordered "promptly" to start the production of his own systems for data storage, these requirements are not met, and equipment will be purchased abroad - from American Cisco and Hewlett Packard and Chinese Huawei, told Reuters top managers telecommunication companies.
The package of laws introduced by Irina Yarovoi and Viktor Ozerov was written by members of the Russian Security Council, without consulting with industry representatives. And legislators simply did not take into account that at the moment "there are no capacities in Russia to produce the required number of data storage systems," said a top manager of one of the telecommunications operators.
The idea of import substitution turned out to be good only in theory, says Irina Levova from the Institute for Internet Research, an independent think tank in Moscow: "Initially, it was clear that in such a short time they would not be able to produce the necessary equipment. Russian economy, but will go abroad. "
Russian companies that manufacture means of interception and storage of data in telecommunications networks (SORM), while they are in the process of finalizing their systems under the "Yarovoi law", and in most cases create them also on the basis of foreign equipment, Reuters sources state.
Another problem was the tight deadlines, because of which no Russian telecom operator had time to prepare the infrastructure and began storing telephone conversations and text messages of subscribers since July 1, as required by law, said Norse-Trans general director Sergei Ovchinnikov and a top manager one of the telecommunications operators, who asked for anonymity.
The leader among SORM providers for telecom operators is Citadel, which controls about 50% of the market. The share of "Norsi-Trans" accounts for about 20-30%.
The representative of Citadel refused to say where the company purchases equipment, referring to commercial secrets. According to him, the company expects to complete the system individually for each customer.
According to the data of the three largest mobile operators in Russia - MTS, MegaFon and VimpelCom - their total costs for upgrading the infrastructure under the Yarovoi law will amount to about 145 billion rubles ($ 2.31 billion) over the next five years.
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