End of Kuwait: the food crisis in Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan follows the path of Venezuela which, during the rapid rise in oil prices, also proclaimed itself the vanguard of the economic model alternative to capitalism.   
29.12.2016
Forbes
Origin source
The latest news from Turkmenistan resemble most "good" times of the Soviet Union of the late eighties, when the background of systemic crisis disappeared from the shelves of food products and in the shops lined up in long lines. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Turkmenistan has positioned itself as the second Kuwait, but the current food crisis has shown that the country is the second most by Venezuela. Just as in Venezuela, party activists and government officials of Turkmenistan in such situations must demonstrate full solidarity with the government and to participate in the simulation prosperity of the country. Thus, public institutions have already banned employees to stand in line for scarce goods. Management of budgetary organizations and state institutions has warned that seen threatened with dismissal in queues.

Heavy financial crisis, especially on the background of the strong devaluation of the manat to the US dollar on the black market (from 4.60 manat in October to 10.6 manats in December 2016), complicates the free purchase of many products in the private stores. Today, in the category of scarce goods Turkmenistan includes: cigarettes, sugar, butter, eggs, chicken legs and other deterioration in the economy of Turkmenistan began in 2014 It came to the fact that the Turkmen authorities imposed rules of currency buying just for coupons and in limited quantities.. According to these rules, the card looks like a ticket on which the specified time, the branch of the bank where the customer is necessary to come to buy the dollar and the euro.

The current food crisis has found all the ugly forms of Turkmenistan model, where the authorities, rather than to create conditions for solving problems and explain the causes of the crisis the population, including television propaganda, which are reports about the abundance of cheap goods on the shelves of grocery stores. According to the website "Chronicles of Turkmenistan", the news of the reduction in food prices does not correspond to reality. So, for the price of 5 AZN goods at the checkout asked to pay 8 - outraged sellers meet buyers that the store expecting a commission, so prices had to be specified for the species.

According to experts of the countries of the CIS Arkady Dubnov, "... in the early nineties, the Turkmen political elite believed that a country possessing untold wealth of gas, can become a" second Kuwait ". To do this, Turkmenistan is supposed to be separated from the former Soviet Union, to make the country neutral and to attract the opportunities that will help its rapid development. This is confirmed by the former Prime Minister of Turkmenistan, the author of the term "Turkmenistan - the second Kuwait" Nazar Suyunov that convinced the first president of Turkmenistan, Saparmurat Niyazov that the sale of oil, gas and cotton, enough to catch up with Saudi Arabia or Kuwait, and every newborn country can give $ 20 000 - $ 25 000. Subsequent developments negated such a utopian concept.

The current model of the economy of Turkmenistan can be characterized by the definition of Alexander Etkind, a resource-parasitic state - as opposed to trudozavisimomu. According to Etkind, trudozavisimoy in the economy there is no other source of wealth, but to the work of the population. old axiom is valid in this economy, "the value created by labor." It has no tax, if there is no representation. In raw or parasitic economy that the main principle of democracy does not work, because the state does not depend on the tax (it depends on the duty) or by representation. , The population becomes redundant in resource state population trudozavisimom If the state is the basis of national wealth. This situation, in turn, led to the formation in Turkmenistan "dispensing-type economy" with a shrinking domestic market and not too consistent and predictable economic policies.

The management system of Turkmenistan is also in full crisis. Among the group of mid-level politicians firmly rooted conviction that they run the country for a short time and not serious, therefore they do not need strong institutions that will interfere with personal problems and enrichment at the expense of their position. Moreover, the inherent inertia potential domination of the state over society and the individual manifests itself in insistence Turkmen elites to monopolize power by using the modified hierarchical bureaucratic structures and more advanced technologies to manipulate public opinion, which lead to the transformation of government and public property in the virtual inheritance law. This, of course, a kind of neo-feudal authoritarianism, which is very evident in Turkmenistan.

The question is, what means the authorities will solve the food crisis. Officially it does not exist in the country: the economy is growing, opening new neighborhoods and villages, and the president takes the guests of honor. Under the conditions of the Turkmen sverhprezidentskoy power (when the head of state at the same time the author of economic growth, industry, energy, the chief architect of the country, the best DJ of Turkmenistan, the best doctor of the country, for teas specialist and carpets), to talk about the possibility of adopting adequate economic measures the purpose of the country out of stagnation and collapse too early.

 With rapid "venesuelizatsii" to the residents of Turkmenistan, and Turkmen authorities face challenges that require creative solutions. If Venezuelan residents fleeing famine food purchases in neighboring Colombia (under the yoke of liberal monetarists, from the perspective of the Venezuelan authorities), Turkmenistan neighbors were not so lucky - food market in the border area with Turkmenistan is very meager. Strange looks Turkmenistan's recent decision to stop visa-free regime with Kazakhstan, the richest country in the region where there is no shortage of food. In any case, the neighbors are unlikely to stay long on the side of the food crisis in the second Venezuela.

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