What will change in Sergiev Posad
The project developed by Strelka implies an almost complete restructuring of the city center and its division into two parts: the spiritual and the administrative. The centers of world religions today function according to an open model, the authors of the concept write, without opposing the spiritual center and the secular part of the city. Examples include the Vatican, Jerusalem and Mecca.
“The concept is a kind of textbook for an ideal city in terms of improvement, the work of all engineering communications, road infrastructure,” says Mayor Sergiyev Posad Mikhail Tokarev. “It’s about how to unite the spiritual center, tourism and the interests of local residents in one place.” The transformation, he said, will affect the city center with an area of about 400 hectares (the entire city covers about 1,200 hectares).
“Today, the environment around the Trinity-Sergius Lavra is burdened with the legacy of the Soviet period, which is decaying and becoming unsuitable. All this needs to be either restored or changed, ”explains Archpriest Leonid Kalinin, head of the church council for art, architecture and restoration.
The cultural-representative center will appear on the avenue of the Red Army around the monastery. It will include a museum of Orthodox art, a youth Orthodox cultural center, a patriarchal theological library, a congress center, a hotel, a high church court, a corps of synodal institutions, a missionary corps, a patriarchal reception house, representative offices of autocephalous churches, and an Orthodox media center. “It is necessary to gradually unload the monastery, redirect tourists to new museums, to a 3D cinema, to take them so that they spend less time directly in the monastery, because it is very difficult for monks to live in such a noisy place,” says Archpriest Leonid. In 2018, Sergiev Posad was visited by about 2 million tourists. The priest believes that after the rupture of relations between the Russian Orthodox Church and the Patriarchate of Constantinople (in January, he provided the autocephaly of the new Orthodox Church in Ukraine), Russia becomes "the main outpost of Orthodoxy in the world."
To accommodate new facilities, all state institutions will be transferred to the administrative and business center (along Simonenkova Street, in the end of the city opposite to the laurels). It is planned to accommodate 23 state and municipal institutions: the administration, the BTI, the social security department, the court, the investigative department, the prosecutor's office, the bailiff department, the pension fund, the UFSB, the fire and rescue unit, the Federal Tax Service inspectorate, the union of cultural workers, the health department, the military commissariat and MIA.
It is proposed to transform residential areas - to build 11 district and 20 local centers (the total area of residential construction will be about 800,000 sq. M.). The regional center should combine a supermarket, a cinema, a sports complex, a diagnostic office and a center of public services, and a local center - a school, a kindergarten, a pharmacy, a shop, a public transport stop and a sports ground.