Billionaires and crisis: how the Forbes list has changed over the year

The combined wealth of 200 richest businessmen of Russia decreased by $73 billion, while the number of billionaires fell to 88 from 111.
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Forbes was twelfth ranking of the richest Russian businessmen in a difficult time for business. International economic sanctions against the largest banks and companies, a catastrophic drop in oil prices, devaluation of the ruble has been hit hard by Russian businesses and peretryahnul Forbes list. During the year, the ruble fell against the dollar by half, and dollar stock market indicator - RTS - has lost more than 30%.

The combined wealth of 200 richest businessmen of Russia fell in 2015 to $ 408 billion from $ 481 billion in 2014, while the number of billionaires fell to 88 from 111.

The crisis, however, knocked down far from all - among the list of 200 participants found 37 people who were able to increase his fortune, another 27 have retained last year's result. Better than the rest in the background of the crisis look metallurgists and owners of commercial real estate, especially if they have time to enter into lease agreements in foreign currency and are reviewing their conditions. In the list of 2015, 11 new names among the newcomers there is a woman - Olga Belyavtseva, co-owner of the plant "Progress", producing Childrenth power "Frutonyanya" and mineral water "Lipetsk pump room."

Yelena Baturina, the only woman in all previous ratings, is no longer alone.

Of the 88 billionaires richer than 19 people have been for a year. Of these, only two are in the top twenty: the main owner of "Severstal" Alexey Mordashov (№5, the state increased by $ 2.5 billion to $ 13 billion) and the leader of the list of Forbes - 2015 Vladimir Potanin, to add to the state $ 2.8 billion, is now it has $ 15.4 billion.

Potanin, a member of all 12 Forbes list for the first time became the richest Russian businessman. Due to what? Its main asset - a package of shares of "Norilsk nickel", and dollar capitalization of the company for the year grew by 15%, in addition, Potanin received a package of generous dividends - almost $ 1 billion At the same time the ruble debt "Interros" to VEB (55 billion rubles. ) in US dollar terms decreased in half. VEB credited Potanin holding company for the construction of complex "Rose Farm" in the Olympic Sochi.

Potanin became the seventh businessman Conquering the Forbes rankings. In the last three years there settled Bation owner "Metalloinvest" and "MegaFon" Alisher Usmanov. The first rating in 2004 was headed by Mikhail Khodorkovsky.

One of the seven, who was once a "billionaire №1», - former partner Mikhail Prokhorov, Potanin. In the crisis year of 2009, he became the champion with a fortune of $ 9.5 billion, while Potanin with its $ 2.1 billion took only 19th place. Dividing assets equally in 2008, the business dealt with them in different ways - Prokhorov sold his shares "Norilsk Nickel", "Rusal" to the collapse of the market and the Potanin stayed with strongly depreciating stocks.

In 2015, the year of a new crisis, the situation has turned over - Potanin with "Norilsk Nickel" was the first, and Prokhorov, with $ 9.9 billion - at the 10th place.

Average condition former partners in "Interros" in all the years of the rating about the same - $ 11.8 billion Potanin and $ 11.9 billion Prokhorov.

Before partition of assets between Prokhorov and Potanin "Interros" inferior in size only to the consortium "Alpha-Group" Mikhail Fridman and partners. In 2008, the "Interros" assets valued at $ 45 billion, and "Aland the Group. "- at $ 54 billion this year, the cumulative state Potanin and Prokhorov is $ 25.3 billion, and again it is the second result after the" Alfa Group ", but the group Potanin - Prokhorov no longer.