Change of elites: what is behind the massive reshuffle in the power

After a large-scale reshuffle, senior positions have been occupied by new politicians who came from the security forces. According to RBC sources, this is the first stage of the renovation of the power team by 2018. RBC investigates, what are the Kremlin's reasons behind these changes. 
Origin source
All reshuffle that took place on Thursday, planned for at least a year, and as a result it was decided to hold them in one day, told RBC source close to the Kremlin, the government and the leadership of the "United Russia". The trigger was the need to change the permutations of the head of the Federal Customs Service (FCS) - his resignation was also planned, but after a search of his home, it was decided to accelerate the process, explain the sources.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has launched a series of large-scale reshuffle in the presidential elections in 2018, attributed the resignation and appointment of the interlocutors RBC. Their goal - to eliminate conflicts in certain areas and bring the level of mid-level managers of new people, which is the head of state considers promising for the future election cycles. According to one of the interlocutors RBC, the next stage of the permutation can affect not middle managers and senior management.

Test for security forces

Shifts in the North-West linked with the desire to translate the President to the post of head of the Federal Customs Service of theirolpreda Vlady world Bulavina, explain the interlocutors RBC. "For Bulavina transition - an absolute increase. This is a man with great potential, which we are testing in this position, "- said one of the sources. Bulavin (born in 1953), as well as Putin, a native of KGB- FS B. When close to the president the head of department, Nikolai Patrushev went to the Security Council, Bulavin became his first deputy.

In the Yaroslavl region acting governor (instead sacked Yastrebova Sergei) became a Lieutenant General of Police Dmitry Mironov, until now Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs. More than 20 years served in the KGB and the SSF, Mironov is the resolution of the conflict between the Interior Ministry and the FSB, which has led to criminal proceedings against the Chief management of economic security managers and combating corruption MIA Sugrobova Denis and Boris Kolesnikov.

The Kaliningrad Region is appointed head of the Kaliningrad FSB Zinich Eugene, who held this position since June 2015. Official biography Zinicheva not published. As withexamines data from the Russian State Register, in full namesake of the new interim governor Yevgeny Nikolayevich Zinicheva have uch Astok Yascherovo in the village on the shore of Lake Valdai. In the same area, near the residence of the President, many have settled close to Vladimir Putin.

Zinich - promising FSB officer who was transferred a year ago specifically to manage the local FSB department to prepare for the governor's office, according to a source close to the Kremlin. Besides Zinicheva appointment is intended to solve a difficult political situation in Kaliningrad, where recently there was a struggle between different elite groups, said one of the interlocutors.

In appointing Zinicheva obviously played a role in the Kremlin's power due to the geographical situation of Kaliningrad, Russia's relations with NATO and the Baltic countries, said political analyst Yevgeny Minchenko. We decided to put a strongman in the strategically important region, the expert explained.

Manage the Kirov region will head Igor Rosreestra in Asilah. Vasiliev himself had previously served in the KGB and in 2004 interview admitted that he workedin a Putin administration.

In the fall elections the security forces did not take part - they will lead the regions before the elections in 2017. Early elections shall be at least 60 days. It is the search for a successor, and his reluctance to immediately send to the polls earlier explained RBC source close to the leadership of United Russia, the tightness with the removal of the arrested Kirov Governor Nikita Belykh.

"Bulavin, Zinich Mironov, as well as the new governor of Sevastopol, Dmitry Ovsyannikov - a new generation of mid-level managers, which is testing for himself the president", - says the source close to the Kremlin.

Passage in his career through the office of governor becomes an important qualification requirements and a plus in his future career officer and manager, said the head close to the Kremlin, Dmitry Badovsky Fund ISEP. He recalled that before the heads of the regions became Alexey Dyumin (former deputy head of the Presidential Security Service) and Igor Rudenya (former head of Putin's time as prime minister of a government department).

Crimea is removed from the conflict
In Crimea, the conflict caused by a chain of permutations in Sevastopol, which the Kremlin has long wanted to repay, said the source close to the presidential administration. In addition, they said, in the country's leadership has long planned to eliminate the Crimean Federal District, who want to enter in the functioning of the system in all of southern Russia.

For nearly two years I did not cease the conflict between the governor of Sevastopol Sergey Menyailo and ex-speaker of the City Legislative Assembly Alexei Chaly. In April 2014 became a popular hero in Sevastopol "Russian Spring" Chaly resigned as head of the city and recommended the candidature for the post Menyailo. But after six months, Chaly said that was wrong in recommending Menyailo, and began to seek his resignation to the speaker post.

In December last year, Chaly said that the legislative and executive authorities of the city do not fulfill election promises, and in protest resigned. He called to do the same governor, but he did not respond to the call. After this Chaly supporters in the Legislative Assembly twice attempted to navigate through the cityCoy Parliament an amendment to the charter of Sevastopol on the transition to the direct election of governors, but its supporters Menyailo blocked.

Parallel Chaly supporters tried to bring the issue of transition to direct elections to the referendum, however, the local election commission, then the CEC did not take their request, citing the lack of a regional law on the referendum rules.

In the June ranking of the pro-Kremlin Civil Society Fund Menyailo position deteriorated sharply, he "slipped" on the five lines and shifted to the so-called bottom group of regional leaders, rated 57-59 th places. The weakening of the positions of the authors of the rating of the governor explained the difficulties in the housing sector in the region, problems with roads, as well as the negative background information following the resignation Chaly.

Menyailo enjoyed the support of the authorized representative of the Crimean Federal District Oleg Belaventseva reminds Makarkin. The conflict between the leaders of the region the Kremlin has decided to radically, says political scientist from the region as a removed Menyailo and Belaventseva and Crimean embassy was abolished.

As head of the subjectivethat the Federation is responsible for economic policy in the region, Menyailo their tasks are not performed, said RBC senator from Sevastopol Olga Timofeeva. "Do not resolved the main problem for the formation of government structures and functional, not to mention the prospects of development of the city", - she explained. Problems with public utilities, education, health, the ongoing indiscriminate construction - all this to be addressed to the new governor, senator added.

But leave without Menyailo positions, which is considered a well-deserved man as a member of the Crimea to Russia, it was impossible to say close to the Kremlin RBC interlocutors. He was transferred to the position, which in any case should have been free - presidential envoy to the Siberian Federal District. Plenipotentiary Nikolai Rogozhkin unable to express themselves in this place, in addition, the following summer he had to reach the age limit for civil servants - 65 years and in any case would have left the place. "But as Menyailo trudoustraivat had had to dismiss Rogozhkina before. Without this, it could work out for some time, "- racesindicates the card source close to the Kremlin.

We have permutations and hardware side, accept the interlocutors RBC. The planned liquidation of the Crimean Federal District lobbied opponents including Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu. Lag envoy Oleg Belavenets cooperated with the Minister in the period when he led the Ministry of Emergency Situations (Belavenets led one of the FSI MES), and in the Moscow region (at the governor Shoigu he managed his affairs). Now the Crimea comes from the sphere of influence of the Minister of Defence, he enters the North Caucasus, where he was sent ambassador Belavenets. "Shoigu happy with this decision. North Caucasus is more important for the Minister of Defense "- suggests the source, recalling that the long-range bombers recently flew to Syria from located in the district of Mozdok.

Embassy lose their meaning

In addition Menyailo envoy to place more of the need to attach hit Nikolai Tsukanov, according to sources close to the Kremlin. According to RBC interlocutors, many representatives of the federal elite belong to it skeptically. butit also has a support group at the federal level, says one of the interlocutors, recalling that Tsukanov appointed to the post of Governor of former President Dmitry Medvedev.

Decisions on the appointment of ambassadors and Menyailo Tsukanov, who did not show themselves on past positions, may be a signal about the future of the Institute of the embassy, ​​says political consultant Leonid Davydov. "In general reshuffle lead management system more in line with the realities and the appointment of authorized representatives of this logic are knocked out. This suggests that the institution of plenipotentiaries may be further reformed. This version - the union of the south and the Crimean envoys. It is possible that this is only the first step, "- indicates RBC said.

Sense in the embassy getting smaller, says Minchenko. All the tasks for which they were once established, - ensuring the loyalty of governors, to bring regional legislation into line with the federal - they have fulfilled, and the security forces control, that they are partially engaged, more verticalziruetsya and closes at Moscow, he said. Political management at the level of regional elections supervised by the presidential administration, and not the embassy.

According to Minchenko, now the embassy has two functions: on the one hand, this is a place of honor for a senior person who releases the high post, on the other - employment springboard for a possible move up the career ladder. "The main personnel turbulence ahead: until the end of the year we plan to continue in the power structures of permutations, which is still far from over, and after the Duma elections is inevitable, and even the reorganization of the Government and the progress in the governor housing", - predicts expert.