The legendary company with a collection of estimated cost of about 70 billion rubles, 10 thousand hectares of land on the southern coast of Crimea and the brand famous valued less than 0.63 billion rubles. Company Magazine understood why it was so cheap.
The Massandra Production Association was founded in 1894 by Prince Lev Golitsyn. In 2014, the Crimean authorities transferred it to the Administrative Department of the President of the Russian Federation (hereinafter - UDP), and in February 2019, in preparation for privatization, the UDP returned Massandra to the republic.
The largest winery of the former USSR unites 9 wineries and wineries. 4000 hectares of its vineyards are stretched for 180 km along the southern coast of Crimea from Foros to Sudak, about 3600 hectares of them bear fruit. In total, Massandra has more than 10,000 hectares of land - fields, forests, lakes and farmland, which are not used for their intended purpose. The company employs about 2.5 thousand people, has its own social infrastructure.
This, without exaggeration, is the main asset of the Republic of Crimea, the last large and valuable asset that has not passed into private hands under Ukraine and has not yet passed under the Russian Federation. Why did the commission of the State Council of the republic on privatization estimate all this at such a modest amount - 627.4 million rubles?
This figure is in the “Fixed Assets” column in the balance sheet of the enterprise for 2018, which includes real estate, equipment of workshops, agricultural machinery, etc. Including depreciation and depreciation. Since the main workshops and cellars of Massandra were built more than half a century ago, and major repairs were carried out irregularly, their residual value in the documents may tend to zero, economists explain.
However, the total assets of Massandra at the end of 2018, according to the same balance sheet, amounted to almost 3.6 billion rubles. Including working stocks - wine produced at the enterprise - are estimated at 2.6 billion rubles.
Moreover, it is not said anywhere that the enterprise will be sold without working stocks. Not only would the sale of Massandra's real estate without wine, equipment and a collection in itself be vandalism comparable to the destruction of ancient ruins. Even assuming that someone will buy it in this form (for example, for building vineyards), all this will simply have nowhere to go. In 1942, before the Germans arrived, only the most valuable part of the Massandra collection was evacuated from Crimea. The rest of the wine flowed down the slopes into the sea, staining the waters of the Yalta rivulet in a blood-red color to the delight of half-drunk dogs. There were so many of him.
The value of intangible assets in the balance sheet is also modestly declared - only 2.8 million rubles. (less than 40 thousand dollars). Although the age-old brand “Massandra”, as well as individual wines of this brand, is priceless even by the standards of the domestic Russian market. Sherry from the Massandra collection is by far the most expensive in the world. In 2001, a bottle of Jerez de la Frontera in 1775 was sold at an auction in London for 43.5 thousand dollars.
Massandra produces about 20 million bottles of wine a year, which are exported to neighboring countries and China. The enterprise cannot deliver wine to Europe and the USA because of sanctions. In 2018, revenue grew by 72% compared to the previous year and amounted to 2.2 billion rubles., Net profit - 395 million.