A group of deputies, headed by the chairman of the security committee Vasily Piskarev, proposed a new mechanism for blocking Internet resources, which contain information recognized by the court as discrediting the honor and dignity of citizens or the business reputation of legal entities. Corresponding amendments to the laws "On Enforcement Proceedings" and "On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection" were submitted to the State Duma on Monday. According to the draft, if the distributors of such information did not remove it within the period established by the court, the bailiff makes a decision to restrict access to this information and passes it to Roskomnadzor.
Mechanisms for unlocking sites in the amendments are not provided. The bill is expected to be considered in an accelerated mode: the first reading is scheduled for April 5.
If the information is discrediting honor and dignity, it will not be unlocked - by analogy with extremist materials, explains the co-author of the project, Anatoly Vyborny, deputy chairman of the security committee. Unlocking is possible by a court decision, Piskarev clarifies: "If there is a court decision to cancel the lock, the information will be unlocked. It is about the execution of a judicial decision, and not about any prohibitions. " According to him, this initiative was prepared together with the bailiffs. Asked if the information will be removed from social networks, Piskarev replied that it was about the sites, but "in social networks they also take this information from the site, too." "It's about those resources that are not the media and often do not even react to the court's decision," adds Leonid Levin, chairman of the information policy committee. The question of how to deal with sites like YouTube, he promised to discuss further on the committee.
Roskomnadzor spokesman said that his department did not participate in the preparation and discussion of these amendments and they did not arrive at an agreement with the service.
The blocking of resources is carried out by telecom operators by order of Roskomnadzor. They can block a specific page at the URL, but if they do not have the necessary equipment, they have to block the entire resource. After the entry into force of anti-piracy amendments in 2013, most operators have learned to block individual pages, but this is not possible with the use of the encrypted HTTPS protocol.
Russian deputies, officials and businessmen regularly sued the media, demanding the removal of information that discredited them. Such claims were often filed by Rosneft and its chief executive officer Igor Sechin, and businessman Alisher Usmanov obtained the removal of fragments of the investigation film by Alexei Navalny about the premiere of Dmitry Medvedev. Navalny's investigation into the rest of Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Prikhodko on the yacht of businessman Oleg Deripaska was blocked by the court as an interim measure against Deripaska's claim to protect his private life.
The bill will obviously be used against Navalny's investigations, FKK lawyer Ivan Zhdanov said: "The story with Deripaska showed that they are already able to block such information, but the court's decision to block third party sites was illegal. Now they just legislate this possibility. " Zhdanov also recalls that after the Usmanov's lawsuit was upheld, the bailiffs regularly wrote FBK fines for failure to comply with the court's decision: "Now they can apply to Roskomnadzor to block this information."
"We consider this bill as a pressure on freedom of speech: its goal is to protect deputies and officials involved in high-profile scandals," says Sarkis Darbinian, the chief lawyer of Roskomvobozhda. Deputies do not offer additional protection, because everything was already written in the law, it's more the addition of an express lock and the emergence of an additional censorship - the bailiff service, the expert believes: "The bill will become the basis for a new wave of locks - the possibility of using the whip expands."