From oil to garbage, from garbage to fuel

Son of a Kremlin official will process the wastes of the Northern capital.
Origin source
While in Moscow to discuss all news that garbage disposal took up the son of Attorney General Igor Chaika, St. Petersburg processing waste engaged son of the ex-manager of the Russian president and now adviser to President Vladimir Kozhin Igor Kozhin.

As has found out "Co", in April this year led by Kozhin Jr. Oil Company "Gala-Form", established by the firm, "New Svet.Eko" treatment and disposal of waste, which will make liquid fuels, geo and building materials from waste. Incidentally, the name of the company is almost entirely the same as the name of the landfill waste "New World Eco" in the Gatchina district, where for the first time in Russia began to produce electricity from the methane produced in the process of decay.

Away from oil

Before the company Kozhin "Gala-Form" (revenues for 2013 15.6 billion rubles.) Established the "New Svet.Eko", she left the capital of JSC "Chepetskoye NGDU" (according to the "Circuit-Focus" service) . This was confirmed by "Co" president of "Chepetskoye NGDU" Yuri Efanov, details of the transaction to report it otkazalsI. Chepetsk NGDU owns three small deposits of hard-to oil in Udmurtia with total reserves of 6.3 million tonnes. "Gala-Form" participated in the development of these fields since 2009, but business was not very successful. Revenue Chepetsky NGDU for 2013 fell by 81%, to 352 million rubles., While the loss amounted to 30.5 million rubles. In 2014-2016 gg. planned investment project related to the drilling of new wells, valued at 649 million rubles. But, as we see, "Gala-Form" has decided not to participate in this project: on the background of falling oil prices, the high cost of borrowing and losses that decision looks quite logical.

About the company itself "Gala-Form" it is well known that it was founded in 2002 by Victor Notem still wholly owned by its owner. Son close to Russian President Igor Kozhin dignitary became CEO "Gala-Form" in January 2014, when the company's revenue fell for the third consecutive year (see. "By" №40 (821) from 10.27.2014).

Prior to that, in 2006, 21-year-old Igor Kozhin headed the board of directors of OJSC "Roskommunenergo", who gained fame in 2008 as potentialsthe investor by privatized OGK-1. "Roskommunenergo" was ready to pay for OGK-1, $ 5 billion, but the deal never took place. In 2009 Kozhin left "Roskommunenergo", and among the shareholders structures affiliated with these utilities, in 2013 there was the former wife of the head of "Rosneft" Igor Sechin, Sechin Marina (see. "By" №27 (808) from 14.07. 2014).

Igor Kozhin also owns a 52 percent stake in the company in the wholesale fuel "Gala Form West" where the minority shareholders of listed Not Viktor and three other businessmen. The "Gala Form West" has investments in real estate in St. Petersburg. In addition, the founders of the "Gala-Form West" on an equal footing owned by OOO "Business Development AG", rental of real estate in Moscow.

Having ceased to be engaged in the oil company in Udmurtia, the son of the ex-manager of the Russian President in fact remained in the fuel business, "New Svet.Eko" will make liquid fuels from waste. However, Igor Kozhin could not comment on the situation, because he was on vacation. The owner "Gala-Form" Not as VictorI did not answer the question, "To."

Garbage giant

Partner "Gala-Form" in the project - JSC "Car №1« Spetstrans "owns half the company's" New Svet.Eko ". "Car №1» - the largest in the Russian private company for disposal of municipal solid waste - it controls more than 2.5% of the market of the country of export of household waste. The company annually transports 4.5 million cubic meters. m of municipal waste. This company emerged in 1930 on the basis of the largest enterprises in the city of Leningrad by cleaning up the waste, which was then called - "Trust clean city." It is currently controlled by the family general director of "Car №1« Spetstrans "Anatoly Yazev, the largest package - more than 40.19% - his son and Deputy Constantine. It Yazev Constantine and took the post of General Director formed in conjunction with the "Gala-Form" Company "New Svet.Eko". By the way, Yazev family also controls the solid waste landfill "New World Eco" in the Gatchina district of the Leningrad region - it is the largest landfill-North OverHell, half receiving waste in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region a considerable part of the waste. On its territory are working waste sorting and processing complex, where the waste produce fences and benches. And besides, "Fleet №1» and his top managers, there is another company in the musoropereraboki - LLC "Resource", which belongs to the waste-processing complex on Vasilevsky Island and construction waste recycling plant on Predportovaya street. In 2012, the "Resource" took credit for 2 billion rubles. Vnesheconombank to build four factories in seven years. However, judging by recent events, Yazev, the family decided to share these assets with their new partners - Notem, Kozhin and the company. Since March last year, 90% of "Resource" became the property of "North Port", in which 25% of OOO "Business Development AG" Igor Kozhin and partners, and 75% - in some Bagrat Kocharova. However, Konstantin Yazev says that "fleet №1» has not lost control of its waste treatmentand factories. Indeed, "North Port" is headed by Ilya Kolychev son Nicholas Kolycheva, deputy general director of "Fleet №1« Spetstrans ".

By the way, Nicholas Kolychev, argues that the "Resource" does not copy the West, and therefore relies not on the separate collection of waste being, among other things, chairman of the subcommittee on waste and resource of the Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs of St. Petersburg, and highly automated waste sorting complexes ( VSMK) that at each stage of creating a useful product: the RDF pellets, rubber granules, landscaping elements, alternative fuel, and man-made soils. Such systems can reduce the amount of waste to be placed in landfills, four times. Of the 100 000 tonnes of waste, according to Nicholas Kolycheva, can fetch up to 40 million rubles. Taking into account the credit period and the return on investment it would take 3.5 years. (Production costs amounted to 80 million rubles per year costs for the construction and equipment -... 340 million rubles) If VSMK sell, the cost and return on capital, this project looks vygodnee than oil output in Udmurtia, where the payback period of the investment is 6 years.

"Resource" is successfully promoting its waste processing facilities that produce alternative fuel across the country: they are going to buy in one of the areas of Kamchatka, and in 2012 was conceived not yet implemented a project to build a waste recycling plant in Kursk worth 3.4 billion rubles. Now Karelia environmentalists have criticized the construction of a waste processing "Resource" complex in Petrozavodsk: they believe that fuels derived from waste, toxic.

"Fuel from municipal solid waste GC" Resource "produces since 2011, received a health certificate confirming its safety", - Nikolay Kolychev objects. The "resource saving" there are plans to use fuel produced from recycled materials, cement, expanded clay and steel industry. "But there are problems - complains Kolychev. - Entering a new type of fuel is associated with certain costs, it is necessary to organize a system of accumulation and flow inechi, and with the investments now difficult. So while part of the produced fuel has to be stored. " However, in the autumn of this year, SC "Resource" is preparing to organize a new trend of using this fuel, but talking about it does not want to Kolychev sooner.

Leonid Weisberg, chairman of the board of JSC "SPC" Mekhanobr appliances "notes that" lime, which is produced from the burning RDF fuel in cement production, binds all the negative properties of the fuel. Therefore, fuel from waste is non-toxic. But we can get into the trash and mercury and heavy metals, now, there is no strict control over the disposal of such waste, and then RDF fuel contains poisonous elements above the norm. "

Fuel from waste

So, now the owner of the company - "Gala-Form" petroleum distributor Victor Not, its CEO Igor Kozhin and their companions received the stake in the company "Resource", which has a waste-processing complex producing fuel. Their partner JSC "Car №1« Spetstrans & raquo; there is a technology park serving collecting points. Their new company "New Svet.Eko" registered office sorting plant LLC "Resource" on Vasilevsky Island. "New Svet.Eko" will also produce liquid fuels such as diesel, building blocks, geo, told the "To" General Director of LLC "New Svet.Eko" Konstantin Yazev. Cost of the project and the date of the start of Constantine Yaz did not disclose too unstable ruble. "Gala-Form" appears in the project investor, and in the future will take over the function of the implementation of fuel. How to get to know partners, Yaz did not remember saying that it happened long ago.

The new project appears in the situation where the northern capital authorities are going to actively develop the waste recycling infrastructure. In St. Petersburg annually ejected about 10 million cubic meters. m of debris, with 73% of this mass is not processed, and disposed at landfills. In the city of four landfill: «Novoselki», CJSC «KPO Plant", LLC "New World Eco" and "Red Forest" (for toxic othorows). The first two have already fulfilled their term. Waste disposal grow and pose a serious threat to the ecology of St. Petersburg. The authorities took the Northern capital of the regional target program, in which planned to build two new and reconstruction of two old waste treatment plant. One of the new plant is planned to build a "fleet №1« Spetstrans ". According to Konstantin Yazev, its capacity will be 200,000 tonnes per year, for the project has already received all necessary permits, but due to the economic situation, the project has not yet developed. The developers promise that after the construction of plants to 80% of the waste will be processed into recycled raw materials, and which will be for the company "New Svet.Eko".

By the way, the owners of the landfill "New Eco-Light" love innovation. They not only built a highly automated plants for the processing of waste, but also launched in this range in the autumn of 2014, Russia's first active degassing station. It runs on gas, which is formed from the decay products. To do this, at the site of the well drilled 15 m deep and pumped from their gas. Landfill gas etc.rerabatyvaetsya gas engines into electricity, which then buys "Lenenergo". The investor of the project was the Swedish Vireo Energy AB, has invested in the project about 5.7 million euros. Installed power generating facility - about 4.8 mW. "Emissions have decreased in the atmosphere, methane is not, it does not poison the air. This is the first time in the Russian Federation - from garbage we get elekroenergiyu and heat, "- praised the project of the State Duma deputy Nikolai Kuzmin, who, in his own words, helping to promote it. True, the return on the degassing station is only possible with a special rate of "green energy", which is above the level of wholesale prices by 20-30% (4.5-5 rubles per kW / hr.), In which case the duration of the project - 5-7 years .

Acting governor of Leningrad region Alexander Drozdenko hopes that this pilot project will be scaled up, including in Moscow.

Who makes the fuel from waste

In Russia there is the production of similar waste sorting complex "Resource". Kirishi refinery (belongsum "Surgutneftegaz") recycles old tires into liquid hydrocarbon fuels to "Tourmaline" company's plants. (This company has recently gained popularity thanks to the furnaces in which sanctions harness products.) Liquid fuels can be produced from plastic bottles, and from any raw material on the machine, invented by scientists from Tomsk Company "Aist-T." The cost price of such fuel in both cases goes 4 kopecks. per liter. A setting "Stork" is 12-15 million rubles. Business processing waste into fuel and considers promising billionaire Roman Abramovich, Velocys invest in companies that produce synthetic liquid fuels from biomass and gas in the UK and the US.

However, solid volumes published so far only company producing geo (rubber blanket, which covered the gravel to the road is not sags) from plastic bottles. This Chelyabinsk CJSC "Second-Com", its revenue in 2013 amounted to RUB 457.3 million.

Waste plant in the Moscow region

In Moscow, the largest waste management companies: LLC "Ekoylan & raquo; Gennady Timchenko, Ltd. "Charter" (beneficiary - Igor Chaika, the youngest son of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation), LLC "MKM-Logistics" Roman Abramovich, "rostehovskaya" "Spetstrans", OOO "MSK-HT" - are not engaged in the processing of waste.

The capital has several waste incineration plants - in Biryulyovo, in the industrial zone "Rudnevo" (VAO) to Altufyevskoe Highway 33a (North-East). Moscow garbage disposal in the suburbs. Not at all landfills it sorted. Sorting of waste and recyclable materials are engaged in the sale of landfills in Torbeevo. Development Director of UK "eco-system" Dmitry Kryschenko says that Moscow and the Moscow region there are no large waste treatment plants, mainly in the production of handicraft processing of plastic bags, plastic cans and aluminum cans. For example, in Lyubertsy on waste sorting station recycle plastic bottles into granulate for the production of plastics. "Eco-System" is planning to build two waste treatment plant in the Moscow region, together with the Italian Colari Group in three years, but, while there is asite selection, these inventories will produce RDF-fuel and compost. General Director of the Criminal Code of "eco-system" - the ex-head of the Industrial Policy Committee of the Federation Council Andrey Yakymchuk apparatus. In podmoskovskogo government has plans in 2020 to build 19 waste treatment plants.