Holes in space are plugged by the Moscow earth

The Khrunichev Center again needed financial support.
The Supervisory Board of Roskosmos decided to increase the loan limit by 10 billion rubles, including for the Khrunichev State Space Research and Production Center (SCNPC), which produces Proton-M and Angara launch vehicles. The enterprise has already been granted loans for 65 billion rubles. But due to lower orders, it can not even go to the break-even point. The situation can partially be remedied by the sale of his land in the Filevskaya floodplain, but there is as yet no definitive solution to this question. Khrunichev's center is trying to cut costs by itself, hoping to free up 216 unused corps before the end of 2019 and get rid of the greenhouse.

On the outcome of the meeting of the Supervisory Board of Roskosmos, held April 23, "Kommersant" told a source close to the state corporation, as well as an employee of the government apparatus. According to them, monetary issues became one of the key topics. "It was about increasing the amount of borrowed funds in the interests of the enterprise to 36 billion rubles. The amount was based on the calculations of the financial and economic block of the state corporation," one of the interlocutors told Kommersant. "The Countovan did not agree on the figure, having reduced the requested limit several times and demanding to submit to the government an updated program of financial recovery of the enterprise. " In the office of Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, who heads the Supervisory Board of Roskosmos, the fact of the Kommersant event was confirmed, but details were not disclosed. In the Roskosmos itself, in turn, Kommersant was informed that at the meeting a decision was made "on the possibility of increasing the limit on loans by 10 billion rubles, including in the interests of the SCNPC." "We also approved the possibility of increasing the guarantee limit of the state corporation in case of need to refinance the Khrunichev Center - by 12.5 billion rubles," Roskosmos added.

The financial issue for the SCNPC is not simple. The volume of loans and borrowed funds issued to him since 2014 exceeds 65 billion rubles. To repay interest from this amount it goes from 3.5 billion to 5 billion rubles. annually. The first version of the financial rehabilitation program of the center was divided into three stages, and the former director general of the State Space Research Center Andrey Kalinovsky (now executive director for quality and reliability of Roskosmos) promised to make the "best rocket building enterprise" from the center by 2020. But the prerequisites for this are few. The source of Kommersant in the government apparatus draws attention to the reduction in the order for heavy rocket vehicles Proton-M (the main products of the Rocket and Space Plant in Fili) from the Ministry of Defense and foreign customers. "To get to the break-even point, the center needs to produce at least nine" Protons "per year, while now three are ordered," admits the top manager of one of the enterprises belonging to the State Space Research Center. "After the fiasco with the year-long stop of the" Protons " (because of the production marriage experts had to sort out 71 engines for these types of missiles. - "Kommersant"), it was not possible to gain momentum. The Ministry of Defense buys missiles at dumping prices altogether, as production contracts were concluded before the ruble weakened (we are talking about contracts signed before 2014 - Kommersant). " In a recent interview with Rossiyskaya Gazeta, the head of state corporation, Igor Komarov, claimed that British company OneWeb had contracted 11 "Protons" to launch their satellite of the same name. According to "RIA Novosti", the deal amounts to about $ 500 million, rocket launches will start from the Baikonur cosmodrome from 2020. This will ease the state of the enterprise, but it will not be able to completely correct the matter.

To the complexities to the Moscow site are added problems with the Omsk "Flight", where the production of universal rocket modules (URM) for the space complex "Angara" can not develop in any way. There is still not put into operation galvanic shop (needed to give the metal additional strength), without which it is impossible to set up the release of the URM. The contract for its creation was concluded in 2014 with the Federal Agency for Special Construction (Spetsstroy, abolished in 2017), but has not yet been implemented. As reported by Kommersant, more than 250 million rubles were invested in this construction, but the successor to Spetsstroi structures - the Main Military Construction Directorate No. 12 decided that another 65 million rubles should be invested to complete the works, which was not suited to the SCNPC. Dmitry Rogozin, who visited the "Flight" on March 2, instructed to resolve this issue as soon as possible.

And while this did not happen, the SCNC will be forced to spend money on the maintenance of two sites at once. The interlocutors of Kommersant in the government apparatus said that it would be realistic to reduce the debt by selling the land of the center in the Filevskaya floodplain, which would bring the company about 25 billion rubles. But there is no final decision on this issue: according to Kommersant's information, Roskosmos considers it logical to sell them to the Moscow mayor's office for further development, and some government officials - on joining VEB, which is one of the creditors of the center, into the capital of the enterprise. The vice prime minister himself in an interview with the RBC television channel said that the Moscow government will select developers for the construction of RKZ land in the Filevsky Park area. "It (land.-" Kommersant ") will be under the control of Vnesheconombank and will be implemented in the framework of development projects that will provide the government of Moscow. With whom - this will already be decided by Sergei Sobyanin ", - he noted. Earlier, Kommersant reported that some of these lands (about 50 hectares) can be built up with housing (about 1.25 million sq. M.) Under the renovation program. But the mayor's office did not confirm such plans.

While this issue is being resolved, the SCNC will try to optimize production facilities on its own. According to Kommersant's information, on April 6, the center's management ordered the creation of a commission "on the release of buildings and premises in 2018-2019." According to the document, the backbone of the commission will be employees of the enterprise, which from April 2018 to December 2019 will be released from the execution of immediate duties. They will create a project office, and then provide a painless release of 217 facilities, including a laboratory and production building and even a greenhouse.