PJSC "Tolyattiazot" - one of the largest Russian enterprises, once the pride of the domestic chemical industry, has long become a headache. Over the years, the owners of the plant, runaway oligarchs of Makhlai, have hardly invested in production, preferring to invest in offshore companies.
The result is sad: a huge plant, designed to produce at least 3 million tons of ammonia per year, hardly produces 2-2.5 million tons, is in a deplorable technical condition, threatening a man-made disaster of federal scale. But even from abroad, its owners manage to invent more and more new ways to siphon money from the enterprise. Now the Komsomolsk District Court of Tolyatti is considering the case of the theft of more than 86 billion rubles. with TOAZ, billions are calculated amounts of outstanding taxes that the tax authorities have to collect through the courts. The scale of crime at the plant is amazing, given that the era of the 90s should have ended long ago.
No matter what
According to one version, during the privatization, Vladimir Makhlai, the former “red director” of TOAZ, was able to convince the authorities (they say that even Anatoly Chubais himself) to privatize the plant according to a “third”, simplified version intended for small enterprises. Initially, only a quarter of the shares were at the disposal of Makhlai, another quarter was distributed among members of the workforce. Makhlai decided to by all means put TOAZ under his control and, under any pretexts, forced the workers to transfer their shares to him. If persuasion did not work, threats and blackmail could be used. One way or another, he achieved his goal.
Not without the support of local officials: Alexander Makarov, Deputy Head of the Committee on Property of the Samara Region, became Vladimir Makhlay's economic assistant (and later, it seems, fled abroad with him from criminal prosecution). And the chairman of the committee, Vladimir Mamigonov, had been on the board of directors of TOAZ for a long time. The future (and now formerly long-time) director of TOAZ, Evgeny Korolev, at various times worked as the director of the TOAZ-Invest financial and investment company CJSC, the director of the Tolyatti branch and the chairman of the board of directors of the Regional Orenburg Registrar, the director of the Privolzhsky branch of LLC "Volga-Ural-Siberian Registrar".
By withdrawing the most liquid assets from PJSC “Tolyattiazot”, Makhlai and Tsivi at the same time aggravate the enterprise with foreign loans. A year ago, TOAZ announced the signing of a loan agreement with a syndicate of banks Commerzbank AG (Zurich, Switzerland) and LandesbankBaden-Wuerttemberg (Stuttgart, Germany) for a total of 200 million euros for a period of nine years. According to representatives of TOAZ, the funds allegedly have to go to the construction of the third urea unit. But there is no reason to believe them: who in their right mind will begin to build the third unit, when the two existing ones are in a dreadful state? Of course, after a year there are no signs of the emergence of a new installation at TOAZ.
Obviously, the plan of Makhlaev and Tsivi is simple: they put the credit in their pocket, and when several years later the creditors demand money back, and all liquid assets from PJSC Togliattiazot will already be withdrawn and there will be nothing to take from rusty pipes and emergency units There will be no one to pay with the Swiss and German banks.
One question remains: how did the organizers and participants of these illegal schemes manage to do all this for so long? Why their activities were not stopped 15 or 10 years ago? The answer suggests itself: corruption. The rule of Makhlaev on TOAZ could not begin and live without corruption. And, apparently, the scale of their corruption influence extended far beyond the borders of Tolyatti and the Samara region. Makhlai was assisted by local and federal deputies, senators, law enforcement officers, various hired experts and political scientists. In recent years, those wishing to intercede for the fugitive oligarchs have become noticeably smaller - their actions have turned out to be too glaring. Militiamen seriously engaged in Makhlai and exposing their schemes, and sooner or later they will have to answer before the law for everything that they have done.