Panama Papers: what Russian officials kept in offshore companies

International Consortium for Investigative Journalism found offshore companies connected with the families of 12 Russian officials, including Alexey Ulyukayev and Dmitry Peskov. What is known about these companies?
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Several high-ranking Russian officials, deputies, governors, security officials or their close relatives are owners of companies in Panama and the British Virgin Islands (BVI), according to an investigation published on April 3, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) and the Centre for Research on corruption and organized crime (OCCRP). The data is based on the resulting leakage of documents Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca, which provides services for the registration of offshore companies. Details about the accounts of Russian politicians on the basis of these documents written "Novaya Gazeta".

Since 2013, civil servants in Russia is forbidden to take part in business operations abroad and have accounts abroad. In addition, it entered into force in 2015. The Act deofshorizatsii Russian residents and companies are obliged to inform the competent authorities of their share in the offshore, if this proportion exceeds 10% of total capital. State Duma deputies are prohibited to take part in business activities.

However, the journalists managed to Detectlive more than a dozen companies associated with the Russian statesmen, MPs, senators, security forces or members of their families. In direct violation of the law in the majority of the described cases, however, do not.


The son of the Minister of Economic Development Alexei Ulyukayev was director Dmitry Ronnieville Ltd., established in the British Virgin Islands in November 2004 (at that time held the post of Alexei Ulyukayev, first deputy chairman of the Central Bank), according to the materials of investigative journalism. Formal breaches of the law in that it was not, but journalists pay attention to the fact that Dmitry Ulyukayev at the time was only 21 years old.

In 2006, instead Ulyukayev Jr. Director Ronnieville became a kind of Yulia Hryapina and stayed in this status until the liquidation of the company in May 2009. The authors of the investigation suggests that the Hryapina - wife of the Minister Ulyukayev. They rely on a certain resemblance between the photograph of the passport copy Hryapinoy found in the base data Mossack Fonseca, and the later image, available on the internet which shows the Minister, hishis wife and newborn daughter. In addition, the birthplace Hryapinoy passport is Crimea, and Ulyukayev declared sites and houses in the Crimea, recorded just for the spouse. Finally, according to a team of investigative journalists, Julia S. Hryapina number of researchers Gaidar Institute, where he worked until Ulyukayev 2000. RBC Sunday night could not find on the website of the Institute employee with the name, but Google's cache and in searching the site Gaidar Institute information about it remained.

The investigation also referred to President's press secretary, Dmitry Peskov. His name sounds in connection with the company Carina Global Assets Ltd., registered in the British Virgin Islands in 2014. The application for registration of the beneficiary is specified - "professional skater" Tatiana Navka and attached a picture of her. From the same application, it follows that the company may engage in purchase of investment assets for the benefit of the beneficiary, and manage assets worth more than $ 1 million.

Offshore was registered before the wedding and Navki Peskov, which took place in 2015. Sama wife SpokespersonPutin said, "Novaya Gazeta", that she had never been offshore companies and accounts. Journalists are not able to find out if changed in 2015, the beneficiary from this firm.

Ivan Malyushin, deputy manager of Presidential Affairs (in 2003-2015.) To 2013 was listed only beneficiary Panamanian Anttrin Services Corp. However, until mid-2013 ban on the possession of offshore companies do not exist. The authors of the investigation indicate that the company was liquidated with a three-week delay after the entry into force of the law. The main activity of the company were "consulting services in the field of construction and real estate management," which coincided with the relevant obligations in Malyushina affairs, the authors argue. At the same time he was one of the wealthiest civil servants in 2013 .: in his possession was more than 9 hectares of land, 12 houses and 7 flats.

Maxim Liksutov, vice-mayor of Moscow, at various times has been beneficiary of three offshore companies: Venlaw Consultants Co. Inc. (Bahamas), TG Rail Limited (Cyprus), Cantazaro Limited (Cyprus). Six weeks before the entry into force of the ban on offshore rewrote shares his wife Tatiana and then divorced her. Thereforeway the law was not violated.


Andrew Turchak, the governor of the Pskov region, too, was a defendant in the investigation. Cyrus Turchak, wife of the governor, from 2008 to 2015. It was the only shareholder of the company Burtford Unicorp Inc. the Virgin Islands. The ban on the possession of foreign assets came into force in 2013, but offshore shareholder Cyrus Turchak remained until May 2015 marks the "Novaya Gazeta".

At the beginning of 2013 it became clear that Turchak since 2008 belonged to the company, which was recorded by a house in France worth € 1,3 billion, the newspaper reminds. Andrew Turchak these assets are not declared either as governor or a senator, which he held before. Later, he explained that it was a mistake, and reported on the sale of villas.

Turchak told "Novaya Gazeta" that Burtford Unicorp was established in 2008 to finance the acquisition of mortgage apartments in France and was officially closed March 7, 2014

The first director Burtford Unicorp Inc. in 2008 became Maxim Larks - while the deputy director of "Leninist", associated with the family Turchak. Since 2009 Lark worked as deputy governor Turchak.

Governor of Chelyabinsk region Boris Dubrovsky in 2014 used a Panamanian offshore Spaceship Consulting SA with the purchase of the Russian company notes that he himself had controlled, the authors of "Novaya Gazeta" writes. In March and April 2014 Spaceship Consulting conducted two similar transaction: buy in Magnitogorsk LTD "Property Center" ( "IC") promissory notes for 5 and 7 million rubles, and then sold them to Dubrovsky for an identical amount.. Dubrovsky owned "EC" through his company "Novatek", journalists say. For remittances Dubrovsky used a Swiss BPER - «private bank Edmond de Rothschild."

January 15, 2014 Dubrovsky became acting governor of the Chelyabinsk region. By law, he had to get rid of foreign financial instruments within three months, but according to available documents the journalists did not. The agreements for the sale of promissory notes Acting Governor pointed out that owned account in a Swiss bank Rothschild.

MPs and senators

In andKtorov Zvagel'skii, State Duma deputy from the "United Russia" was the ultimate beneficiary of Bariton Consultants LTD (BVI), at least as of 2014, according to the investigation. A Delcroft Real Estates Inc (Panama) belonged to him since 2011, and data on the liquidation of the company is not present, the authors argue. On behalf Bariton Consultants Zvagel'skii could acquire assets in any part of the world and open an account. According to respondents, "Novaya Gazeta" experts, this activity can be attributed to the business that "On status of deputy" is prohibited by law.

Himself MP confirmed the link with Bariton Consultants, but argues that all actions taken to exit from the membership in 2012. About Delcroft Real Estates, according to Zvagel'skii, he did not hear anything.

Michael Slipenchuk, a State Duma deputy from the "United Russia" - the final beneficiary EuroImpex Group Corp (BVI), the authors argue, citing carried out in 2013 and 2015. MF internal inspection. But the Slipenchuk claims to have sold its stake in the company back in 2007

Suleiman Geremeev Senator from Chechnya in 2004-2006. I had a general power of attorney to practice before Grant Pacific Corporation (BVI). But tHe was not a member of parliament, but only an assistant head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov on work with law enforcement agencies, therefore violating the law in this, the authors say.

Alexander Babakov, a State Duma deputy from the "United Russia", being the deputy of the State Duma in 2007-2011. (At that time I was part of the faction of Socialist-Revolutionaries) owned 100% shares of AED International Limited. A month before the submission of the declaration in 2011, before the next Duma elections, he moved the company in favor of his 23-year-old daughter.

Security officials

Alexey Patrushev, whose "Novaya Gazeta" calls nephew Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev, from 2010 to 2012. I was a shareholder of the company Misam Investments Ltd. the Virgin Islands. Secretary of the Security Council in person in these companies does not appear anywhere, and Alexei Patrushev is not a civil servant and is not subject to restrictions related to foreign accounts, the authors note.

Igor Zubov, Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs, mentioned in the investigation in connection with the business of his son. From February 2001 to June 2004, his son, Denis Zubov, has been the sole owner of The Monumental Property Company Ltd., registered in the Virgin sharpIslands

Denis Zubov became the owner of the company in 22 years, and the firm was engaged in real estate. Denis Zubov now owns half the oil trader "metals" with revenues of almost 20 billion rubles. in 2014, he wrote, "Novaya Gazeta".

The MIA publication said that Igor Zubov no offshore accounts, and "issues related to the conduct of financial and economic activity of the subjects of civil and corporate relations," there is not authorized to comment.