RBC investigation: what business have the deputies of the new State Duma

Before the first meeting of the State Duma of the seventh convocation, RBC analyzed the income statements and biographies of those who came to the lower house of parliament for the first time, and those who confirmed the mandates.
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October 5 seventh convocation will start its work, gathered at the first plenary meeting, which will visit Russian President Vladimir Putin. Businessmen, officials, athletes, astronauts, journalists, deputies of previous convocations and new party activists have a new composition. Slightly less than half - 219 of the 449 elected MPs - the State Duma made the newcomers, including 123 rookie - odnomandatniki "United Russia". RBC has analyzed the income statement, occupation, biography and business activity of those who first came to the Lower House of Parliament, and those who were able to gain a foothold in it for the next 5 years.

"The old men" and "young"

The idea to compensate for the projected low result of "United Russia" party list at the expense of single-mandate has led to an unexpected result, says political analyst Ekaterina Shulman. According to her, a number of territories held elections "usual methods", so get ultra-high result of the party of power and bias in the overall composition. Odnomandatniki United Russia faction inflated to epic proportions,says the expert.

It is not surprising, therefore, that most - 60% (205 people) - refreshed the faction "United Russia", which received a record 343 in the election mandate. more likely to rest with the sixth convocation of deputies from opposition factions broke "Just Russia", taking into their ranks 30% of new members (seven newcomers, two of which came from the other factions). The proportion of new recruits in the Liberal Democratic Party was 28% (11 people). CPRF refreshed by 21% (nine people).

In addition to the 218 former deputies of the Duma of the sixth in the updated lower house of parliament will work 9 former deputies who belonged to the first to fifth convocations of the State Duma. Professional composition of the remaining heterogeneous. Based on the submitted declarations and information about the candidates can make an average portrait of a deputy novice.

He was an average of 52 years in the Duma he came out of the business (eg 61 persons), local or federal executive bodies (57) or from the local legislative bodies (51 people). Its average income was 16 million rubles in 2015, while the average amount of bank balances -. 11 million rubles. You can find a different wayMu: the so-called deputy median income (the central importance: it is when we calculate the conditional "central" to the deputy, which is exactly in the middle of the income list - exactly half of the deputies received more it, the second half - less) - 2.5 million rubles. median expense - 218 thousand rubles..

It turned out that the sixth convocation of the deputies are better than novices. Here is a portrait of the average MP-veteran: he was 55 years old, its median income in 2015 - 30.3 million rubles. (Median - 5.3 million). On account of the bank originating from the sixth Duma - 128.7 million rubles. (Median value - 1 million rubles.). The overall average portrait of the new Duma deputy - see table.. We mention only that its average age - 52 years. The youngest member Vasily Vlasov (21) - was elected on the LDPR list. The oldest, which traditionally opens the first plenary session of the seventh convocation, - 86-year-old Nobel laureate Zhores Alferov - elected on the lists of the Communist Party.

The Duma elections for the first time in 13 years were held on a mixed system: half of the 450 seats distributed among party lists and the other phalf of the program amounted to 225 winners in single-seat constituencies. Of the 89 single-mandate were elected deputies of the sixth convocation. There were eight in the Duma, the old-timers who sit in the parliament of the first convocation: Gennady Kulik, Stanislav Govorukhin and Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Gennady Zyuganov, Sergei Reshulsky Tamara Pletnev, Nikolai Kharitonov, Anatoly Greshnevikov.

Old money and new rich

The elections, the first time since 2003, carried out by a mixed system - single-mandate and the federal district, had, in theory, to diversify the composition of the State Duma due to the inflow of fresh personalities. The first composition of the State Duma is odnomandatniki supplied a significant part of big business. Indeed, they appeared in the new composition of the Duma. But former MPs-businessmen lead in revenues in the sixth part of the State Duma, is not going to take positions.

Top of Deputies ranking by income level in 2015 took the first elected to the Duma, United Russia, a businessman from the Arkhangelsk region Andrey Palkin. Its revenue in 2015, according to the declaration made almost 1.5 billion rubles. He owns 59 apartments in the Arkhangelsk region and three - in the Moscow region, as well as about 200 vehicles, most of which - mainly construction equipment.

However, Palkina case can be considered a kind of casus Duma. As the deputy of the regional Duma in April this year, he has declared a modest income - 483 million rubles. in 2015. As previously explained Palkin local journalists, to 1.5 billion rubles. - A "total gross turnover of the holding company headed by him", and 483 million - this is his personal income.

Neither of which the company's turnover in the declaration can not speak, the law prescribed only specify information about income, says Deputy Director General of "Transparency International - Russia" Ilya Shumanov. However, he notes, despite the fact that according to the law published information about income of candidates for deputies of the federal and regional levels are identical, there is a standard trick is theoretically allows to publish two separate declaration. Volume data sets responsible Election Commission, so that data can vary,oyasnyaet expert.

Since the 1990s Palkin has been in business in the city of Kotlas Arkhangelsk Oblast: he owned eight companies, dealing mainly in the construction of roads and residential areas. The region, he became famous for the construction of affordable housing.

In five of the elected deputies, showed the highest revenue in 2015, with the following steps Palkin United Russia deputies. Leonid Simanovskiy really rich. He not only earned in 2015 909 million rbl., But also on account of 3 billion rubles., As well as, according to Forbes magazine, owns a 1.6% stake in Novatek (in the ranking Forbes «The richest businessmen of Russia" in 2016 he took 87th place with a fortune of $ 0.95 billion). In third place - Nikolai Fighters with an income of over 799 million rubles. He also holds the 144 th place in the ranking of Forbes magazine «The richest businessmen of Russia" in 2016 (the state is estimated at $ 0.55 billion). Its capital is the MP earned on the sale of the plant "Lebedyansky" corporation PepsiCo. At the same time the size of the bank account of Fighters - a champion among the deputies, he has declared a record 9.6 billion rubles.

Alexander Skorobogatkoof occupying the fourth place in the ranking of income, revealed in the declaration of 745 million rubles. In the ranking of Forbes deputy took the 40th place among the richest Russian businessmen (with a fortune of $ 2.3 billion). Closes the top-5 owner of ABI Group Gregory Anikeev, earned in 2015, slightly less than 600 million rubles.

In twenty deputies have received in the past year the most revenue, and was the main contender to become chairman of the State Duma Vyacheslav Volodin, until the election of the incumbent first deputy head of the presidential administration. He earned in 2015, 87 million rubles. For comparison, Sergei Naryshkin, head of the previous composition of the Duma and sent to the RAF, has declared 9 million rubles.

But among the new deputies and the other pole. Some have not specified in the declaration of no income, and the smallest non-zero income showed a return to the Duma as a single-mandate from the "Civic Platform" Rifat Shaikhutdinov, earned in 2015, 5 thousand. Rub. At the same time he has houses in the Moscow area of ​​859 square meters. m, and in Italy (176 sq. m), apartment in the St. Petersburg area of ​​433 square meters. m (all in joint ownership).

ATthe first since 1993 in the State Duma will not be Oksana Dmitrieva, who after a conflict with his colleagues in the party "Fair Russia" was forced to be elected (unsuccessfully) by the Party of growth. I lost the Duma and one of the deputies of the sixth convocation of the key - the chairman of the constitutional committee, Vladimir Pligina (deputy to the fourth convocation). United Russia set it in place in the semi-list of candidates. As a result of the constitutional committee, one of the most fruitful in the Duma, combined with the Committee on Legislation, headed by United Russia Pavel Krasheninnikov. I do not went to the Duma and one of its main critics - opposition MP Dmitry Gudkov.

Profitable party and non-profit businesses

The median income for United Russia deputies in 2015 - 25.3 million rubles, and deputies of the "Fair Russia" -. 22.5 million rubles, the Liberal Democratic Party -. 17.6 million rubles, the Communist Party -. 13.4 million rubles. The richest spravoross - Alexei Chepa (178.6 million rubles.). The average values ​​of the "Fair Russia" seriously corrected joined the faction of the seventh convocation Alexander Remezkov (income of 158 million rubles.), Before it enteredof United Russia faction. The three richest spravorossov also includes the former head coach of the Russian national football team Valery Gazzaev (37 million rubles).

Most earning a communist - a native of Moscow Region Vladimir Blotsky Wedge, a former top manager of the management company F.E.S.T. (329.6 million rubles. Income and 729 million rubles. In bank accounts). You can also enjoy the Communists, Nobel Laureate in Physics Zhores Alferov (22.7 million rubles.). But it is rather an exception. The most significant revenue still declare the representatives of the "United Russia", because they belong to the ruling class in Russia, said RBC analyst and member of the party supreme council Dmitry Orlov.

A large number of companies in which the MP owns shares, it does not guarantee a high income.

The leader in the number of participating in various companies joined the Socialist-Revolutionaries sixth Duma deputy from the Liberal Democratic Party, the helper, "the Panamanian dossier" Igor Ananskikh (stakes in 19 companies). However, reported income (4.7 million rubles). He is not even in the top one hundred. Next to participate in the company among the deputies - Airat KhairulJohn of the "United Russia". It has stakes in 18 companies and the fifth result on the declared amount in bank accounts (1.7 billion rubles.). Grigory Anikeeva of "United Russia" 13 stakes in the companies and 4.27 billion rubles. in the accounts. Of the twenty most successful (in terms of income) business of the new composition of the Duma almost all (except three of the "Fair Russia" and the Communist Party one) belong to the ruling party.

On the other hand, the most popular types of businesses owned by the deputies, saying that the majority of businessmen, deputies are not prone to excessive risk. For example, 59 companies from the list with the participation of deputies are engaged in real estate activities - usually the submission of non-residential premises for rent (30 of them). 36 companies specialize in wholesale trade, 26 - in the provision of consulting services to 24 companies are operating in the retail trade, 23 - are engaged in agricultural activities, 21 companies engaged in construction. There are companies investment, working in the film industry, logistics, education and tourism, a relatively large number (6) cf.COROLLARY media. Among the rare businesses - publishing, production of medical equipment and printing.

Most businessmen in the "United Russia" - 62 deputies are stakes in companies. But the largest percentage of businessmen from the number of deputies in the faction "Fair Russia" - 26% (6 out of 23 people). In the United Russia, the figure is 18%. LDPR deputies hold stakes in seven companies, the Communist Party - in four.

A high percentage of businessmen among the interlocutors RBC spravorossov the party explain that the party leader Sergei Mironov was interested in engaging in a fraction of wealthy people, so many members of the sixth convocation of the "Fair Russia" remained "overboard".

The new Duma replaced the chairman (former Speaker Sergei Naryshkin was appointed head of the Foreign Intelligence Service), but will remain former first vice-speaker (United Russia, Alexander Zhukov and Communist Ivan Melnikov). Vice-speaker will be the head of the security committee Irina Spring and newcomer - presenter Peter Tolstoy. In the seventh convocation will be more women in the districtMandership (seven instead of four): in particular, the Vice-Speaker will also Yepifanova Olga, and a commission to monitor the reliability of the declarations of deputies headed by the former prosecutor of the Crimea Natalia Poklonskaya.

The deputy property

In addition to income and bank accounts of MPs hold substantial assets in real estate. In this case as well, as in the case with the number of the biggest area of ​​houses and apartments is not always secured in most companies owned by MPs.

The most spacious apartment is declared the deputy of the "United Russia" Joseph Kobzon - 671 square meters. m in Moscow. The largest apartment building (area 3181 sq. M in Moscow Region) Set in the information about this property spravorossov Gadzhimurad Omarova. Most of the land plots (54) have United Russia, Sergei Petrov. The record holder for the number of apartments and vehicles - Andrey Palkin. He owns 59 apartments in the Arkhangelsk region and 201 vehicle, including trucks and trailers.

My favorite car make the deputies of new convocation - Mercedes-Benz. Such Declare machinesovali 93 people. In second place on the popularity of cars Toyota, which are specified in the declarations of 80 deputies, the third - Lexus (declared 37 deputies).

Popular are also of Porsche cars. The Duma will sit more than a dozen owners of Porsche Cayenne. The new Duma is and motorcycle enthusiasts: Harley-Davidson have several United Russia.

Facts about the new Duma

Familiar faces

In the seventh Duma came more athletes and astronauts than in the sixth. Now, deputies will go to 12 winners of the Olympic and Paralympic Games - the sixth Duma were twice less. Deputies, in particular, has become a hockey player Vyacheslav Fetisov, who worked senator.

Duma lost several artists - opera singer Maria Maria Maksakova losing primaries of United Russia, did not become elected, and actress Maria Kozhevnikova after the elections to the Duma did not pass. But deputies joined the ranks of TV presenters Peter Tolstoy, Pushkin Oksana, Yevgeny Revenko, journalist Elena Yampolsky. On the other hand, remained in the Duma and famous directors - Stanislav Govorukhin (EP) and Vladimir Bortko (CPRF) and famous athletes - Nikolay Valuev and Svetlana Zhurova. And in recognition of Natalia Poklonskaya does not yield, for example, Alina Kabaeva.

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Each convening shall be persons who say something that has no relationship to the real agenda, but attract attention of the public, Shulman says. "In this genre, then deputy Milon will talk about sex, Yampolsky - about Stalin, and Tolstoy - on confrontation with the United States and the fifth column", - the analyst believes. According to her, the athletes with recognizable faces and names - always good people elected, even if something does not understand in the parliamentary work.