RBC investigation: who's Russia's friend in Europe

Foreign politicians protecting the traditional values, "Russophiles" and European media associated with Moscow: RBC investigates who helps Russia in the information war with the West.
Origin source
Burnt sanctions

"To make sure that the weakening appetite for sanctions against Russia, just look in the guest book at the Kremlin in Europe", - wrote Bloomberg in March 2015, the anniversary of the annexation of Crimea to Russia. In February, Moscow was visited by President of Cyprus Nikos Anastasiadis, in March - Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, in April came a new head of the Greek government's Alexis Tsipras. The unity of the EU in its relations with Russia is not obvious, explains agency, highlighting the seven countries that are ready to continue the dialogue with the Kremlin, referring to them in addition to Greece, Italy and Cyprus, Austria, Hungary, Spain and Slovakia. It is exactly a quarter of the union of 28 states, each of which can optionally block any collective decision.

However, the Kremlin's contacts and related Russian political forces with European politicians, public figures and the media is not limited to the official. RBC understood with whom friendly Russia.

Fifteen right

In March 2014 a Hungarian research organization Political Capital Institute released a report (.pdf), dedicated tofirst Russian relations c European right-wing radicals. Experts have identified in 13 European countries, 15 movements, openly sympathetic to Moscow (see. Table). Since then, the EU has appeared several parties and associations pro-Russian.

Thus, in February 2015 Zmiana Party was formed in Poland ( "Change"), which was headed by Mateusz Piskorski - known right-wing politician in the country and one of the international observers in the Crimean referendum. At the same time at the beginning of the year, several European far-right parties (some of them are in the list of Political Capital) organized the "Alliance for Peace and Freedom» (APF). One of the tasks of the movement - "opposition to attempts to create unnecessary hostility towards the eastern part of the European civilization," according to the charter of the alliance.

Most of these "pro-Russian" Party does not agree with the ideas of European integration, with transatlantic cooperation, their rejection of mainstream politics leads to the fact that they agree on many issues with Russia, said the director of RBC Political Capital Peter Krek.

Who suspectvayut in relations with the Kremlin

All these movements in the report are divided into three groups. The first group includes the major parties represented in the European Parliament and national assemblies, it is capable of fighting for the title of leading opposition force. This is the French "National Front» (FN), the Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ) and the Hungarian Jobbik.

Following are average in size, but rather influential party, with a few seats in the regional and national parliaments, and often in the European Parliament. In Belgium it is "Vlaams Belang" (the VB), the party "Attack" in Bulgaria, National Democratic Party of Germany (the NPD), "Golden Dawn" (HA) in Greece, "the Northern League» (Lega Nord) in Italy and the party " Order and justice »(TT) in Lithuania.

Now the European Parliament, at a rough estimate, about 1/5 of the deputies of the more or less loyal to the Kremlin, counts the crack. It is not enough to seriously influence the vote, but to sow discord in the ranks of European politicians - quite expert RBC said.

Finally, there is a wide range of right-wing etc.The movement is not represented in the legislatures (in the best case, involved in local government). These Forza Nuova in Italy, Polish and Samooborona Zmiana, Slovak National Party (SNS) and the People's Party (L'SNS), Labour Party (DSSS) in the Czech Republic, the British National Party (BNP) and the party of Danes (DP). In addition, right-wing party participated and Swedes (SvP) APF in the pro-Russian coalition, but it announced its dissolution in May 2015.

According to the Hungarian Research Center Political Capital in March 2014, there are at least 15 parties that openly support Moscow or disagree with the rhetoric of the West and of the sanctions policy in the 13 EU countries. Over the past year and a half some of these parties disappeared or were transformed into the new movement. But on the whole list of policies aimed at cooperation and friendship with Russia has not changed

"International" against International

"Countries and the person where there are grounds for the creation of an elite club and / or a group of informational influence on the line," Russia Today "- the so-called document of private correspondence, popavshs publicly available in November 2014 through the actions of hackers "Anonymous International." According to them, hacked e-mail belongs to Georgy Gavrish, "one of the closest companions of Alexander Dugin" - Russian philosophy and ideology of Eurasianism.

More than half of the list make up the journalists and scholars, there are several current and former prime ministers (Adrian Nastase, Turk Suleyman Demirel - died in June 2015, the Hungarian Viktor Orban and the Greek Alexis Tsipras), functionaries of the far-right Hungarian party Jobbik (its leader - Gabor Vaughn and MEP Bela Kovacs), a well-known Slovak writer and one of the leaders of SNS Sergey Helemendik Pole Piskorski. "With all these people either AGD [Alexander Dugin Gelievich] or its representatives met in person, directly or indirectly affecting the possibility of their participation in the organization and / or initiative, pro-Russian wing of information", - stated in the correspondence.

The list was sent to Dugin Gavrish February 20, 2014. It was created and last modified December 15, 2013, a weekafter conversion to RIA Novosti in MIA "Russia today", it follows from the file properties. What is meant by the "influence of the information through the" Russia Today ", It is not clear from the correspondence. It is known, however, that subsequently many politicians and scientists from the list participated in the programs of Russia Today (editor in chief of TV channel is Margarita Simonyan, she headed the editorial office MIA "Russia today") as the invited experts (Tiberio Graziani, Yunus Sonar, Mateusz Piskorski, Manuel Oksenrayter).

Dugin has refused to comment on the correspondence with RBC Gavrish. The authenticity of the letter, he did not deny.

Judging by the correspondence, Gavrish worked for some time in the Russian embassy in Greece. Indeed, in the list of the Russian delegation at the meeting of OSCE foreign ministers in 2009 in Athens (.pdf) Gavrish is listed as the third secretary of the Russian Embassy in Greece. Information and Press Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry did not confirm the RBC that Gavrish was in the diplomatic service, citing the confidentiality of personnel data.

Portal "Russian Legal & raquo; It reports that in 2003, George B. Gavrish headed the Department of "Eurasia" movement in Rostov-on-Don and in the same year received the degree of candidate of legal sciences, with a thesis on "Neoevraziysky project political and legal modernization of the Russian statehood." "Eurasia" movement was created in 2000, Dugin. RBC failed Contact Gavrish.

One way or another, but subsequent events have shown that many characters long correspondence tied his career with Russia.

Getting a great friendship

In March 2014, some mentioned in the correspondence policy (for example, Kovacs and Piskorski) became observers on the Crimean referendum not recognized by the West. From the list of Political Capital in the event was also attended by delegates of "attacks" the VB "National Front", "Northern League" and the FPÖ. On the referendum came and Tatiana Zhdanok (MEP from the party "ZaPcHeL" now "Russian Union of Latvia"), political scientist Johan Beckman (later declared himself the official representative of the DNI in Finland), four from the German policy of the party "; Left "and others.

Later, many of the policy report and Political Capital "Dugin list" have participated in the events in Russia. In August, at a conference of supporters of New Russia in Yalta were Zhdanok and Marton Gyongyos (deputy head of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Hungarian Parliament of the Jobbik). According to information leaked from the mail Gavrish, the forum invited the leader of Forza Nuova, Roberto Fiore, Frank Kreyelman from VB and Robert Shteltsl from the FPÖ. In September, representatives of VB, FPÖ, Jobbik, the German "Left" and the French "National Front" carried out monitoring in the election of the governor of St. Petersburg.

Natural allies

"In most cases the purchase of political influence in the West takes place at the level of certain influential persons, not credit organizations", - said the expert of the Institute of Euro-Atlantic Cooperation Anton Shekhovtsov. According to him, the two common species of this "bribery" - sponsorship of individual politicians with cash or transfer them to a full or partial control of certain firms.

French "Natioflax Front "is perhaps the largest right-wing parties of Europe, and the only authentic case of funding right-wing Russians associated with this party. We are talking about a loan of € 9 million, issued by the Moscow First Czech-Russian Bank businessman Roman Popov (also known as the publisher of The Prime Russian Magazine intellectual journal) in the autumn of 2014. It was reported that the search for investors outside of France Front leader Marine Le Pen addressed only when received the denial of credit by many French banks. According Shekhovtsov, the case of Le Pen is the exception rather than the rule.

Links European regulations with Moscow can be attributed not only loans, but also family ties. In May 2014 MEP from the party Jobbik Bela Kovacs was the subject of the investigation the prosecutor's office of the Hungarian. According to the edition Index data, the scandal may be associated with a Russian wife Svetlana Kovac Istoshinoy which, according to the edition version, was working for the KGB, and recruited her husband to work in Moscow. Now the prosecutor's office in Hungary and the European Parliament decide on Kovacs stripped of his parliamentaryimmunity, after which he can be charged. The representative of the prosecutor's office refused to explain Geza Fazekas RBC details of the crime, but noted that for such an act by the Hungarian laws threatened from 2 to 8 years in prison.

RBC has sent requests to European parties of the Political Capital APF list and pro-Russian coalition. Contact with representatives of the Belgian managed to VB, the German NPD, the Danish DP, the Italian Forza Nuova and the Hungarian Jobbik. They all deny the participation of Russian private and public entities in the financing of their movements. However, cooperation with Russia do not hide. Roberto Fiore confirmed that repeatedly came to Russia "at the invitation of Vladimir region, from the party" Motherland "and a number of religious magazines." Representatives of the Party of the Danish and German NPD recalled the participation of conservative movements in Russian forum.

"Yes, we - the pro-Russian Party!"

"We are not pro-Russian, pro-European no, not pro-American, we - proflamandskaya party. This does not hinder us, and lets you select the part, depending on the Flemish interests. In one-quarters issues, we stand in solidarity with Russia in the other - there is no <...> If we talk about the conflict between Russia and the West, we believe that both sides committed serious errors which led to this confrontation "(Van Tom Grieco, president of the party Vlaams Belang , Belgium, for the RBC).

«Jobbik party is provengerskoy, committed only to our national interests. We are convinced that the one-way Euro-Atlantic orientation of the post-Cold War proved fatal mistake of Hungarian diplomacy: it led to the weakening of Russian-Hungarian relations in trade, energy and cultural spheres <...> The coup d'etat in Ukraine has created an undesirable conflict between Russia and the West, and subjected to all national Ukrainian minority (including Hungarian and Russian) oppression chauvinist government in Kiev "(Marton Gyongyos, Jobbik deputy head of the faction in the parliament of Hungary, RBC).

"Allies must conduct a reasonable policy towards Russia. The current confrontation is not reasonable <...> The Russians need to make every effort to de-escalatenflikta not to play into the hands of the "hawks" of the North Atlantic Alliance countries "(Klaus Bayer, a spokesman for the National Democratic Party of Germany, for the RBC).

"Yes, we are pro-Russian party and believe that Russia should be an integral part of Europe. Russia should be a partner of Europe, but not the enemy. We support the nationalist and traditionalist forces throughout Europe. Russia is considered by us as a natural ally "(Daniel Carlsen, Chairman of the Party of the Danes, RBC).

"We agree that we are called pro-Russian party, because we see Russia as the key to the formation of Europe as a central player in the world. Conflict between Russia and the West is not as such. On the contrary, between the Russian and the Europeans have mutual sympathy. The problem is that the European elites are under the influence of the United States and forced under pressure to take the logic of the Cold War (Roberto Fiore, leader of Forza Nuova, Italy, for the RBC).

The right to self-determination

"Dear journalists! Please refer to your media our event properly.If we open the Internet often see names: for example, "neo-Nazi orgy" and things like that ... "- these words of political scientist Alexander Sotnichenko March 22, 2015 in St. Petersburg opened the International Forum Russian conservative. In the event flocked nationalists, not only from Europe but also from America.

Among the latter was a conservative writer Jared Taylor. The Nation Magazine calls it the press secretary of the Council of Conservative Citizens (CofCC) - a public organization, uniting right-wing conservative politicians and publicists. According to US media, CofCC indirectly linked to the massacre of blacks in the church of the city of Charleston in June 2015. The fact that on 20 June, bloggers discovered the site of the alleged killer Dylan Rufus, which was laid out a manifesto arrow. In it, he claimed that his racist views largely developed after reading the news about the crimes of African Americans on the official website CofCC Union.

In addition to Taylor at the end of March in Russia came to Nathan Smith, the leader of the separatist "Texas Nationalist movement & raquo ;. Invited him leader of the "anti-globalization movement in Russia," said Alexander Ionov newspaper "Vzglyad" that Texans together with colleagues from separatist organizations of Catalonia and Flanders are planning to hold this year's conference in the DNI.

Already in June on a trip policy remembered Politico magazine, noting that the history of Texas as an example of the struggle for independence and "unprincipled American imperialism" often pops up in recent years in the speeches of Russian politicians. The publication refers to the statement by Putin in December 2014: "chop off Mexico Texas - this is true. And the fact that we are on their own land hozyaystvuem, it is unfair? "

"Putin Hints of Texas statehood reflects the theory that a few years ago appeared in certain circles of Russian scientists', - Politico, writes, referring to the" theory "the political scientist Igor Panarin, predict that the US will begin with the collapse of the Texas office. Professional scout-communicator, Panarin made with this hypothesis in 1998, predicting that by 2010, the economic and moral collapse will lead to graDanish war in the United States and the United States to decay. In 2005, he proposed to combine the radio "Voice of Russia" and RIA Novosti news agency in a single foreign propaganda, what then happened. In 2014, Reuters called Panarin, and Dugin two scientists who played a leading role in promoting Russia's idea of ​​a "clash of civilizations".

Info front

"As we previously reported about some of our success to vneshneinformatsionnom field, we jumped up to the ceiling, - jokingly said a senior federal official in charge of the media industry - and they say: you have won, for example, another award - we even paid no pay. "

In the pop against the background of the conflict in Ukraine with the West, Russia actively uses information resources, noted in his report, "The threat of unreality: information, culture and money as a weapon of the Kremlin» (.pdf) Pomerantcev Peter and Michael Weiss, journalists edition of The Interpreter at the Institute of Modern Russia. The main tools in the information confrontation, according to the authors, is launched in 2005, the TV channel Russia Today (posShe renamed RT) and joined him at the end of last year, an information portal MIA "Russia today» Sputnik News.

However, Moscow is working informally with a much broader list of media, open and in Russia, and in Europe.

Russia, view from inside

"In the novel" 1984 "by George Orwell's Oceania leaders held" Two Minutes Hate ". Those enemies screened and loyal citizens of Oceania expressed their hatred of the enemies. We now have in America to have this New York Times <...> If there was one single affordable villain with Ukraine - Vladimir Putin. He embodies all the evil in the version of reality that is fed to the American public "- so critical of US reality Russia-Insider.com author on the site. Launched in the autumn of 2014 expats living in Russia on collected on Kickstarter (for crowdfunding platform) $ 36 thousand., The resource is actively exposes "Western propaganda against Russia", as well as comments on the events in Russia "from within".

Russia-Insider, positioning itself as an independent project, which makes "Volontery "and funded by the readers (the creators themselves monthly budget estimated at $ 20 thousand.), also surfaced in Japanese" Anonymous International "correspondence Gavrish. In several letters to the chief editor of Russian-Insider Charles Bausman discusses cooperation with Alexei com (head of international projects of the Foundation of St. Basil the Great, whose board of trustees is headed by businessman Konstantin Malofeev, came under Western sanctions for its support of New Russia), including asking for money. In the letter, with the theme "We have published your information for Serbia" Bausman reports on the output of the material on the site of the protest in Belgrade against the gay pride parade, and asks whether it is possible to count on financial support from a certain K. (on the context of this letter can Malofeev hiding).

Komov asked [in Gavrish], whether it was possible to find out, "Charlie of man", writes that he was going to discuss cooperation with the Russian-Insider «Kostya." In a letter to the address Konstantin Malofeev he notes, "but Charlie made a good site <...> high quality, pro-Russian and halfzuyuschiysya popular [LiveInternet according to statistics, the site traffic is 350 thousand. unique visitors per month]. He wants to work ... "

RBC Bausman the question of financing referred to employment and offered to communicate with the project coordinator David Curry. He said he did not know anything about the correspondence, and insisted that even if the site and accepts donations from individuals, it does not allow them to form the agenda of the publication, in exchange for money. Bausman to re-issue the invitation to Malofeev for money in exchange for the publication of "information for Serbia" did not answer. Com did not answer the question, directed by e-mail. "Konstantin Malofeev never funded the Russia-Insider», - answered the question of RBC in the press service of the businessman.

Misinformation comes

However, websites and the media, similar to the Russian-Insider, there is not only in the Russian jurisdiction. Moreover, since the beginning of the Ukrainian crisis, the number of media began to grow.

In February 2015, the Slovak internet activist Juraj Smatana published a list of 42 sites that, in his opinion, camshaftstranyayut "Kremlin propaganda" in Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Similar resources are available in Hungary and Bulgaria, he said, but has not led examples.

In Smatany list sites very different - some are open about their anti-Western and anti-globalization focus or focus on conspiracy theories, while others look like news media.

According to the analyst of the Prague Institute for Security Studies Ivana Smolenovoy (.pdf), which analyzed several publications from the list Smatany, most sites do not have any proven links with the Kremlin, and, moreover, there were a few years ago, but the "pro-Russian" orientation " manifested "them only against the background of the Ukrainian crisis.

One of these - Aeronet.cz, registered in 2001, the portal for aviation enthusiasts - four months after the annexation of Crimea to Russia suddenly turned into a news site, and began to publish articles critical of the new Ukrainian leadership. Often materials Aeronet have no references to sources, say the journalists of the weekly Respekt Czech who XPERIENCEalis find the owners of the site, but found that neither at Eindhoven in the Dutch indicated on the website or in Bratislava, where the registered owner of the IP-site, no office, no staff.

In Hungary, the distributors of "Russian propaganda" are often portals, loyal right-wing radical parties and movements, Political Capital analysts noted in their study. For example, hídfő.net portal, announced in Hungary outside the law because of its radical content. In April 2014, the site moved to a Russian domain zone - at hídfő.ru. The Registrar indicated simply as "a private person" without contacts.

Initially, the resource was related to the neo-Nazi organization "Hungarian National Front." Portal became famous when in August 2014 the Russian Foreign Ministry accused Hungary in the supply of armored vehicles on the basis of Kiev hídfő.net publication. According to the Political Capital, the fact that the Russian Foreign Ministry referred to the marginal resource may indicate that the portal has links with Russian secret services. Reporters Hungarian online edition Index.hu also noticed Thufirst post on hídfő.net Facebook page was read in Russian and "New news site running!" (printskrin there Index.hu publication).

The aim of the Russian propaganda is undermining and weakening of the West's information system, the audience does not necessarily have to believe in the correctness or legitimacy of Russian actions in the international arena, but it must be put into confusion, not to believe one side of the conflict, says the researcher of right-wing movements in Europe Anton Shekhovtsov.

Bulgarian secrets

Moscow parade on the 70th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War boycotted most of the European leaders, including the President of Bulgaria Rosen Plevneliev. But hits can watch a live audience of the Bulgarian TV channel TV7 and his "daughter» News7. "Only TV7 and News7 will allow viewers to see everything that happens on Red Square on May 9", - reads the announcement, promising to show "the biggest event in the history of modern Russia", "the legendary T-34 tanks", "long-awaited new cars of the Russian military industrial complKSA ".

In just a few months earlier, in February 2015, local news portal Big5.bg reported, citing sources, that the broadcaster TV7, a new investor - American conservative genprodyuser Russian TV channel "TV-Constantinople" Jack mechanics. "Constantinople-TV" - a project of the same Malofeeva. Malofeeva representative told RBC that the mechanics at the moment resigned as chief director of "Constantinople", but remains on the channel as a consultant.

In March, Bulgarian media (in particular, the publication of "Trud") specified that the new owner will TV7 Greek businessman Yannis Karageorghis and mechanics is a consultant television. Karageorghis too closely associated with Malofeev they met during a pilgrimage to Mount Athos, and in October 2014 the Greek celebrated their wedding with Sophia Sotiraq in the suburban hotel complex "Constantinople", owned Malofeev. On the lush wedding on October 5th told Greek newspaper To Vima, and in November, "Anonymous International" published a hacked conversation, where one of the letters allegedly sent by the Secretary Malofeyeva, contained "a list of the Greeks" - presumably the Greek wedding guests. Above the couple were listed Karageorgis Giannis and Sotirakou Sofia, which was designed cottage "Fairy Tale" - the most expensive, the cost of 130 thousand rubles.. per night, according to the price list on the site of the hotel "Constantinople".

Malofeev himself in an interview with the American edition of Slate in October 2014 said that because of the personal sanctions the EU could not go to Greece for the wedding of his friend, and so I decided to invite him to Russia. In celebration overlooking the Oka attended the Greek nationalist politician Panos Kammenos, a few months later became the Minister of Defense of Greece. As I reported in February, The Wall Street Journal, Kamenos "singing songs and preparing traditional dishes for Greek guests."

Karageorghis buying Greek regional television channels quietly, presumably with the aim of creating a nationwide network coverage, reported in March, the Greek news resource Parapolitika.gr. The channel TRT, which broadcasts in the Thessaly region, was purchased by Cyprus-registered The Worldspeaker LTD, which means that, as journalists Parapolitika claim is Karageorgis. Cyprus has also acquired the structure of the regional TV station Attica TV, Thraki TV, Ena Channel and DION TV.


At the beginning of April to the fore in the history of TV7 came another hero. The plans to enter the leadership of the television after the change of its owner declared Nikolay Malinov - the former deputy of the Bulgarian Parliament from the Socialist, since 2009 the head of the Bulgarian etc. The movement "Russophiles", who studied in the USSR and well speaking in Russian. Malinov said that he intends to lead TV7 board and wants to focus on the broadcaster "religious and ideological filling gaps in the information space."

Until April Malinov published the newspaper "Duma" ( "Word") - a mouthpiece of the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP). "Duma" in 2008, "dared to publish a Russian perspective on what is happening in South Ossetia," said Malinov proudly in an interview to "Rossiyskaya Gazeta" in 2013.

Website "Russophile" is essentially a full-fledged media, which are the protagonists, Vladimir Putin, and to a lesser extent by other Russianpolicy. The site has a built-in music player with songs Joseph Kobzon and Oleg Gazmanov.

The sale of television TV7 is still shrouded in mystery, said the Bulgarian portal Mediapool.bg. In May, unexpectedly discovered a new contender for the purchase of TV7 - the company "Praymediya" belonging Assen Assenov - a friend and business partner Malinova. "Praymediya" tried to register Assen and TV7 Malinova new members of the Board of Directors, it follows from the May channel opening in the Bulgarian Commercial Register, but was refused the Ministry of Justice of the country - because of a legal dispute over the shares of the television. The fact that in April, the Bulgarian tax office has seized a third of TV7 shares in connection with the debts of its owner - the Cyprus offshore company Crown Media, whose final beneficiaries are hidden behind the chain of anonymous companies. Bulgarian media say that until recently controlled TV7 disgraced banker Tsvetan Vasilev, hiding right now by Bulgarian law enforcement officials.

It is unclear whether connected with each other "Praymediya" and Greek Karageorghis. The Bulgarian Commercial Register the name of the entrepreneure found. Karageorghis himself wrote RBC e-mail that is currently not in Greece and can not answer the questions, but promised to answer later. Malinov has not responded to a letter sent to the address indicated on the website of the movement "Russophiles". Press service of TV7 left RBC request unanswered.

Malinov said Bulgarian journalists that "18 years is in the Balkans, 11 Russian TV channels". Indeed, in June 2013, he was co-owner of "Praymediya" along with Asen, Bulgaria follows from the commercial registry data. The company, according to the descriptions in the registry is engaged in trade, mediation, transactions with intellectual property, advertising, consulting, etc.

Now Asenov - sole proprietor "Praymediya" and the company "Star TV", which represents the Russian TV channels in Bulgaria and worked as a commercial director whose wife Daniela Malinova. As the data on the website of the Bulgarian service provider to transfer Tcast TV signal, "Star TV" owns the rights to the show in Bulgaria ten Russian TV channels,including the "First Channel", "TV-Center-International," "Hunting and Fishing".

The younger brother of the Russian newspaper

The family Crimson has other media interests in Bulgaria, connected with Russia. Daniela has recently become the official representative of Russia Beyond the Headlines (RBTH, international platform "Russian Newspaper") in Bulgaria. June 12 in Sofia, Bulgaria hosted a presentation of the site "Russian Diary» (bg.rbth.com) on RBTH platform. Malinova said that the goal of the project - "to fill the deficit in the information space and provide more in-depth look at all the social and political spheres of life in Russia."

The project is implemented on the basis of a licensing agreement concluded between Crimson and the "Russian newspaper", says Capital.bg. But the publication is not found in the commercial register of the Bulgarian legal entity established in the name of the Crimson RBTH to represent the country.

Communications Director of "Russian newspaper" RBC Alexander Moskovkin explained that with editions worldwide (RBTH applications are published in 23 countries), "Rossiyskaya Gazeta" concludesagreement "legally it's not exactly a license agreement." In some countries, both in the same Bulgaria, RBTH has a representative, he explains.

With Crimson edition cooperating for a long time, "she copes with his official functions," says Moskovkin. The agreement with the Bulgarian side "absolutely economically meaningful way," he said, without specifying details.

On the pages of "Russian Diary" you can see the article on the history of Russian Orthodoxy, patriotism among young people, the fears of the Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev on the activities of foreign intelligence services, and the archive is found translated into Bulgarian Malofeeva interview "Gazeta.ru", which businessman divided feelings about the fate of "Orthodox brothers" in Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia.

French friend

There is another transaction in which, as the Bulgarian media suspect possible intertwined interests of both the seller and Vassileva Malofeeva as "secret" of the investor. In March 2015 Franco-Belgian businessman Pierre Louvre, who lives in Russia, announced at a press conference in Sofia that he was a Luxembourg SPV-company Louvrier Investments Company 33 SA (LIC33) buys stake Vassileva in Bulgarian companies Vivacom (more than 43%, the largest mobile Bulgarian operator), Nurts (100% , a provider of services for the transmission of radio and television signal), "Dunarit" (91%, manufacturer of ammunition and explosives), Avionams (91%, factory repair Mi helicopters, Su and MiG fighter jets), First digital (operator of the digital terrestrial broadcasting) , GARB (measurement service television audience) plus several licenses for the cable TV frequency.

Louvre - Malofeeva familiar, and more recently, perhaps, and managing his money. In November 2014 Marshall Malofeeva and CFG Capital Pierre Louvre Foundation today announced a partnership to create the CFG Marshall joint business with the total size of the planned investment of more than € 2 billion. In a press release, Marshall said that the sides considered joint business as "a managed wrapper for the implementation of joint investment projects in Russia and abroad. " "The new fund [CFG Marshall] I can be a co-investor", - he said then MalofeevAlso in the interview to "Vedomosti". On the question of the share in the new fund businessman replied, "I do not have any shares in the management company. The management company is wholly owned by Pierre and management. "

In the same interview Malofeev said that the team of the Louvre "believes in the future of Russia and the country's leadership, therefore sanctions had no effect on the Fund's investment strategy." In addition, Malofeev said them with the Louvre 'views on the current geopolitical situation is completely the same. "

In March 2014 the Louvre lecturing in Instagram photo sharing with Gerard Depardieu, reporting that "celebrates the reunification of the Crimea with Russia." He also photographed with the field commander of the Donetsk Igor Strelkov-Girkin. And on Facebook 41-year-old Belgian (he Malofeev - peers) Posts on a photo together with his wife Olga Russian Diaghilev dressed as a Russian naval form of image inscription: "After Sevastopol to Kiev."

Press service of CFG Capital did not respond to a letter from RBC, addressed to the Louvre. "Of course, Konstantin V. aware of these sdelto "[Bulgarian transaction described in the article] - wrote RBC press officer Malofeeva. But at the moment he does not conduct business activity on the territory of the EU, because the EU is under sanctions, he added.

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"Using communication tools played an important role in the dramatic changes that have affected the EU's eastern neighbors over the past year and a half", - reads the document entitled "Work Plan Strategic Communication" presented by the head of European diplomacy Federica Mogherini on the session of the European Parliament on 23 June. The plan is expected to create a group of East StratCom Team (ESCT), which will deal with the "Russian disinformation," to come up with a campaign in the media and so on. The EU representation in Brussels has already sent out the announcement of the hiring of employees in ESCT: requires a person with knowledge of the Russian language in salary € 4,35 thousand per month..