"Rostegh" received the consent of Vladimir Putin for the creation of a single operator of air operations for the provision of emergency medical care. They can become a joint venture of the state corporation and "Heli-drive" "National Service of Sanitary Aviation". It must consolidate more than 200 already operating medical machines and purchase from the Helicopters of Russia (included in Rostech) 104 Ansat helicopters. But the FAS insists on holding a contest for the choice of the performer, and the operators of sanitary aviation fear that the new intermediary can delay the already small resources of state support for the industry.
Vladimir Putin supported the plan to create a single operator of aviation work to provide emergency emergency medical care across Russia, told Kommersant sources in the industry. A corresponding resolution was put on the letter of the head of Rostek, Sergei Chemezov. The state corporation proposes to create a "guarantee supplier" of a unified air ambulance system, in which JSC "National Service of Sanitary Aviation" (JSC NCCA) is ready to act.
According to the interlocutor of Kommersant in the industry, NCCA should be appointed the sole executor of aviation works, receive more than 200 aircraft in medical equipment and synchronize work with emergency operational services at 112 in the regions of the Russian Federation. As part of the special contract, Rostek will "create conditions for production" of 104 modernized Ansat helicopters in medical equipment with its subsidiaries "Russian Helicopters". Until 2035, within the framework of the project, it is planned to create points for the basing of sanitary aircraft, a network of mobile fuel filling complexes and helipads in more than 1,500 medical institutions.
In Rostek, Kommersant clarified that the NCCA's competencies allow starting work from the second quarter of 2018. Real time for launching a project worth 30 billion rubles. determine the government.
NCCA is 25% owned by Rostekh, Rychag, 75% of which is owned by Radiopriborsnab, which is part of KRET. 75% of the NCCA owns the Fund for the Development of Sanitary Aviation, whose president, Ivan Yatsenko, formerly owned 100% of the St. Petersburg group Heli-Drive. Now he remains a co-owner of Heli-Drive North-West. "Heli-drive" now belongs to Olga Tkachenko and Denis Klimov, co-owners of LLC "Projectprotorg". The head of the LLC Sergey Kastyuk is the Sanitary Aviation Development Fund.
As explained in Rostekh, the planned investments in the project are exclusively off-budget, from the state corporation itself, private investors and banks. The costs include the construction of an aviation infrastructure for three years, the purchase of aircraft. "Heli-drive", they say in Rostekh, has serious experience in the field of air ambulance - since 2014 the company has been implementing a pilot project in the Leningrad region together with the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Health and the government of the region.
According to Kommersant's information, the need for sanitary aviation services ranges from the volume of all emergency medical care in the Russian Federation to 30% in the European part of the country and to 50-80% in Siberia and the Far East. At the same time 80-85% of the country has access to sanitary aviation, on watch there are about 200 helicopters. Most of them use Mi-8 and its variants, as well as American and European Bell and Eurocopter, and from 2017 - the new Russian Ansat.
But the sanitary aviation fleet in the Russian Federation is badly worn, state corporations emphasize, cars often use cars of 20-35 years for transportation, while the load of regional budgets does not allow to create and maintain a new aviation infrastructure. Operators use different prices for services - the cost of flying hours in neighboring regions can differ by a factor of 1.5-2, add Rostekh. "The use of a single methodology and the centralization of functions optimize the cost of flying hours," said Viktor Kiryanov, director of infrastructure projects at the state corporation. Andrey Boginsky, General Director of Russian Helicopters, told Kommersant that the holding will supply 104 upgraded Ansat and 46 Mi-8 helicopters with medical modules to replenish the NSSA park by the end of 2020. The Ministry of Economy, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Health and Heli-Drive did not answer inquiries from Kommersant.
Vladimir Putin instructed the government to engage in the development of sanitary aviation in 2013. At the end of 2016, the Presidium of the Presidential Council for Priority Projects approved the project passport to provide emergency medical care in remote areas (34 subjects).
The customer was the Ministry of Health, in general in 2017-2020, the project is allocated 10.2 billion rubles. "Rostegh" first announced the idea of creating a single operator of emergency medical care at the end of 2017.
At the same time, the project has opponents. According to Kommersant's information, when discussing the idea of the FAS (they did not respond to a query from Kommersant), they suggested selecting the operator on a competitive basis. The interlocutors of "Kommersant" in the sanitary aviation market also consider the appointment of the sole executor of the project without competition as "a violation of the principle of an open competitive market". "The presence of one player in this sphere, rather, will reduce the volume of services provided," one of the interlocutors of Kommersant is sure, while the other emphasizes that the creation of a coordinator that will only distribute resources and equipment between executing contractors will only result in a waste of resources to pay for his work. As a result, the number of flying hours and duty in the regions will decrease, sources of Kommersant believe.
The director of the VETA expert group, Dmitri Zharsky, says that in the European Union there are both private and state sanitary aviation operators working through mixed financing. In Switzerland, for example, there is one large private operator that carries all patients: 60% of costs are compensated by the state, and 40% by the patient's insurance company. Mr. Zharskiy believes that the authorities of the Russian Federation could take as a basis the experience of the United States, where the system of private air ambulances that exist in every state is the most developed.