Russian turbines stirred Bruxelles up

The Russian Ministry of Energy and two Tekhnopromexport companies will be responsible for the delivery of Siemens turbines to the Crimea.   
As found by Kommersant, today the European Commission, at the initiative of Germany, will launch the process of extending the "Crimean" sanctions to a number of persons involved in the scandal involving the transportation of Siemens turbines to the Crimea. According to Kommersant's information, Rostelech's affiliated companies and OOO Tekhnopromexport, which are members of Rostek, may be subject to sanctions, as well as their managers. In addition, the EC can include in the list of an official from the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation. Most likely, in Brussels, blame for the turbine scandal will be placed on Deputy Minister Andrei Tcherezov, who oversees the Crimea.

Germany initiates a "European response" to the gray supply, bypassing the sanctions of Siemens gas turbines in the Crimea. In the Foreign Ministry of Germany, "Kommersant" yesterday said: "As a response to the breaching contract supply of turbines in the Crimea, we are preparing a reaction at the European level. Since there is a process of harmonization, we can not report details. " The source of Kommersant, close to the European Commission, explained: "On the blacklist of the EU, officials of Russian companies participating in the deal with Siemens, and also these companies themselves can be brought on the proposal of the government of the Federal Republic of Germany." The official made it clear that he could speak about the structures of Rostek of OAO VO Tekhnopromexport (TPE) and OOO VO Tekhnopromexport (TPE). In addition, according to the interlocutor of Kommersant, sanctions may be imposed on the representative of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation.

As expected, this issue will be discussed today at a meeting of the European Commission, which will also consider scenarios of the EU's response to the possible US introduction of new sanctions against Russia. Recall, the EC is concerned that the measures discussed in the US Congress can have unintended consequences, including for European economic and energy interests (see "Kommersant" on July 24).

Thus, at the same event, European officials will have to agree on the introduction of new sanctions against Russia and at the same time prepare a response to the restrictive measures discussed in the United States regarding Moscow.

Tavricheskaya and Balaklava TPP (total capacity 940 MW) in Crimea is being built by TPE Ltd. - a kind of SPV-company "under the Crimea", created by Rostekh only in 2014. As part of the state corporation, there is also OAO TPE - a company known since Soviet times, which built power facilities abroad. The general director of both companies is Sergey Topor-Gilka. Now the company is in the process of bankruptcy, and, as follows from court decisions, the company sold TPE to four gas turbines Siemens SGT5-2000E on October 16, 2015 for € 152.4 million. At the same time, the structures of Rostecha also claimed to build similar TPPs to the Crimean stations In Taman (this project in the Krasnodar region has not yet been launched). This allowed buying equipment "under Taman" and reassuring Siemens that the turbines are not for the Crimea.

The Germans were concerned about the risk of getting involved in a scandal with Crimea at the end of last year: as Kommersant wrote on November 11, TPE complained to the law enforcement authorities that Siemens did not give part of the equipment purchased for the TPP in Taman. But in this July some turbines nevertheless entered the Crimea. Then Siemens publicly acknowledged the possibility that it was its turbines, and demanded their export from the peninsula. And at the end of last week published its "sanctions" against Russia - in particular, the refusal to supply the generating equipment to state companies (Germans did not impose any prohibitions on other types of equipment). The official position of Moscow in this case is that Russian equipment is supplied to Crimea. The mechanism that makes it possible, apparently, to make such statements, was described by Kommersant on June 14 and 16 on the basis of the data on purchases of TPE. So, the company wanted to order technical documentation for the "gas-turbine-generator module TPE-180", and the module manufacturer called itself. But the package, followed from the procurement data, included equipment from Siemens, Power Machines and ZIOMAR IR Rosatom (all companies denied participation in the Crimean project).

Andrei Tcherezov, Deputy Minister of Energy of the Russian Federation, July 21 (quoted by RIA Novosti):

Equipment that is installed (in the Crimea.- "Kommersant"), produced in the Russian Federation. Our main task is to start generating stations in the first quarter of 2018. There is no other plan.

In the Ministry of Energy and TPE, yesterday the EU refused to comment on possible sanctions. Energy in general in the department is overseen by Deputy Minister Vyacheslav Kravchenko, but the "Crimean" theme is assigned to another deputy minister - Andrei Tcherezov (traditionally conducts special projects in the industry, such as, for example, energy for the Olympics in Sochi). At the same time, according to Kommersant's information, the agency was aware of the risk of European sanctions being imposed on Mr. Cherezov because of the "turbine case".