State-oligarchic search engines blocked Telegram

The site of the telegram that was blocked in Russia was not available in the search output of and Sputnik, but is visible in the search for Google and Yandex. and Sputnik are connected to the federal state information system created to filter out prohibited sites, with the rest of this opportunity is only being tested, explained in Roskomnadzor. Market participants still doubt that removing links to Telegram from Google and "Yandex" is reason enough. and Sputnik (owned by Rostelecom) complied with the law requiring that search engines connect to the federal state information system (FGIS) established to limit access to blocked resources, Roscomnadzor's press service told Kommersant. They "successfully filter out" such resources, including the site of the Telegram messenger, the department said. Google and Yandex are only testing such an opportunity, Roscomnadzor commented: with their technical specialists, "information was exchanged and debugging of automatic unloading for processing information received from IPG, now these search engines are testing the interface of information systems."

In the Group, Google and Yandex, this information was not commented. In Rambler Group, the search engine of which works on the technology of "Yandex", said that compliance with the requirements of the law "is on the side of the partner company." A representative of Rostelecom noted that Sputnik has been cooperating with Roskomnadzor for more than four years, including limiting access to resources containing unwanted and pirated content. "Last year, Sputnik was connected to Rosgravnadzor's Federal State Supervisory Agency to receive unloading through it with a list of prohibited sites and block access to them through its search system. Thus, "Sputnik" from the first day of the federal law issues the search results cleared from prohibited sites, "he confirmed.

The operation of the IPG with a list of resources to bypass the blockages is provided by the law, which entered into force on November 1, 2017. According to him, VPN-services and other means of anonymization at the request of law enforcement agencies or special services should restrict access to banned Internet resources, otherwise they themselves will be blocked. To the IPG are obliged to connect and operators of search engines to stop issuing links to blocked sites.

Interlocutors of Kommersant in the Internet industry doubt that Google and Yandex will exclude the Telegram site from the search issue, explaining this by the uncertainty with the FGIS itself. Thus, the members of the working group "Communication and IT" of the Expert Council under the Government of the Russian Federation have previously indicated that such an IPF in the form envisaged by law is virtually non-existent. "There should have been a technical task and a competition for the creation of the IPF, this should have been allocated funds," recalls the manager of one of the telecom operators, stressing that "no one has ever seen this document." Another source of "Kommersant" agrees that information about the establishment of such a FGIS should appear on the website of state procurement, "which was not."

Another interlocutor of Kommersant in the industry assumes that, speaking of the search engines connected to the IPF, Roskomnadzor can have in mind the Unified Register of Prohibited Information provided by the Law on Information. "The article does not contain the word" state ", in fact, the registry - it's just a kind of database," he clarifies. Thus, "Sputnik" and search engine simply use the unloading from the registry, received from telecom operators, the interlocutor believes.

In the meantime, the State Duma is preparing to impose fines for the issuance by the search engines of links to banned sites. Such a rule is contained in the draft law on responsibility for violating the law on anonymizers passed on May 22 in the second reading. According to her, fines of 3-5 thousand rubles can be threatened for banned sites in search results. for citizens, 30-50 thousand rubles. for officials and 500-700 thousand rubles. for legal entities.