Igor Toporovsky was born in 1966 in Dnepropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR. In 1988 he graduated from the History Department of Moscow State University. Lomonosov, in 1992 there he received a Ph.D. He was a member of the Yabloko party, in 1995 he was promoted to the State Duma, lost the election; in 1999 expelled from Yabloko. According to his own statements, he worked as a diplomat, starting his career under Mikhail Gorbachev; In the 1990s, he worked as an adviser to Boris Yeltsin on relations with the European Union and NATO, and in 2005, he was an employee of the Presidential Administration (hereinafter - AP). The Gorbachev Foundation and the AP refute the words of Toporovsky. Since 2006, permanently resides in the Kingdom of Belgium. Owner of a large collection of works of Russian avant-garde art: according to various estimates, it includes from 300 to 500 copies. He was involved in scandals related to the fine arts: in the case file of the Preobrazhensky antique dealers who sold fake paintings, for 2004 there is a receipt about Toporovsky receiving $ 3 million for the transfer of two paintings by Malevich and Kandinsky to Preobrazhensky. In 2009, in Tours, France, an exhibition of the works of the artist Alexandra Exter was arrested on charges of inconsistency of a number of exhibits; paintings were provided by Toporovsky.
High Art Fraud
The nouveau riche and those who have enriched themselves in an unrighteous way more often than others are victims of a love of art. For example, the ex-Minister of Finance of the Moscow Region Alexei Kuznetsov, sentenced on December 16, 2019 to fourteen years in a penal colony and recovering 14.6 billion rubles. In 2000, Kuznetsov became a minister, and eight years later, a gap of 92 billion rubles arose in the regional budget. Moreover, Kuznetsov himself did not live in poverty. Part of the money was probably spent on the formation of the collection, which is now also under arrest. Paintings (total 117 paintings) for the examination were transferred to the New Jerusalem area near Moscow. Of the 54 objects analyzed by specialists, 15 turned out to be fakes.
The history of the Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev literally shocked the world. In 2015, Rybolovlev accused his art dealer Yves Bouvier of overpricing paintings. The victim estimates the overpayment at $ 1 billion. In just ten years, Rybolovlev bought 38 works of art from Bouvier for $ 2 billion. At the same time, Bouvier’s accomplice, according to Rybolovlev, was Sotheby’s auction house. In 2018, the former owner of Uralkali sued Sotheby’s for $ 380 million. Whether Dmitry Rybolovlev will receive satisfaction is not yet clear; courts in several countries are still going on. The last and not happy for the billionaire litigation message came from Monaco. In December 2019, after a five-year trial, the appellate court canceled the entire procedure, considering that the process was extremely biased in favor of the Russian oligarch. Meanwhile, paintings from the Rybolovlev collection are sold at a great discount. Only the "Savior of the world" Leonardo da Vinci became a consolation. Bought for $ 127.5 million, in November 2017, it was sold at Christie’s auction for $ 450 million.