No monument to Vladimir Lenin is no longer in the cities of Ukraine controlled by the Kiev authorities. This was stated by the head of the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory Vladimir Vyatrovich. At the same time, he admitted that individual monuments to the leader of the world proletariat can still remain in villages or in enterprises. In the presidential administration of Ukraine, Kommersant stated that the demolition of monuments took place in accordance with the law on decommunization.
"According to our information, there is no more Lenin in the cities - on the territory that is controlled by Ukraine," said Vladimir Vyatrovich, the head of the Ukrainian Institute of National Remembrance, a well-known ideologue of decommunization in Ukraine, in an interview to the Liga. In total, according to his information, 2,199 Soviet monuments were dismantled, of which 1,320 to Lenin.
Vladimir Vyatrovich specified that most of the monuments have been destroyed, since these are ordinary plaster sculptures that "do not represent either material or historical value." All of them, in his words, were created according to a single canon. As for the bronze figures, they could be melted down or transferred to museums. Some are preserved for the museum of "monumental propaganda of the USSR", its opening is expected to take place on the territory of VDNKh in Kiev at the end of the year.
Asked by a reporter, "what will become of the empty ugly pedestals," Vladimir Vyatrovich replied: "We know this problem. Hemp, as we call them. We believe that new monuments should be installed on them - this should be a decision of the local community (territorial community - Kommersant). In Kiev, for example, we believe that most stumps should be simply removed. Personally, I am against the replacement of the monument to Lenin with a new monument. The shadow of Lenin is too thick to beg for the karma of this place. You just need to dismantle. But in small towns often such monuments stood in the center, and, perhaps, there it makes sense to put new ones. This is already being done: there are monuments to the "Heavenly Hundred", heroes of the war with Russia. "
According to him, "in decommunization, not only the result is important, so that all the Lenin, Dzerzhinsky from the map of Ukraine, from the streets and squares disappear." "The process is also important," said Vladimir Vyatrovich.
Recall, the law "On the condemnation of the Communist and National Socialist totalitarian regimes, which prohibits the propagation of Soviet symbols, was adopted by the Verkhovna Rada on April 9, 2015. The document envisages the dismantling of Soviet monuments and the renaming of topographic objects named after Soviet statesmen. For example, in March 2016 in Zaporozhye dismantled the largest in the country (19.8 m high) monument to Lenin. Then the Verkhovna Rada renamed 152 settlements. In May 2016 Dnepropetrovsk was named the Dnieper.
The first wave of demolition of monuments to Lenin was held in the regions of Western Ukraine in 1990-1991. At the same time, a monument was dismantled in Kiev on the square of the October Revolution - the present Independence Square. Many monuments to the leader of the world proletariat in the central regions of the country were demolished during the political crisis in the winter of 2013-2014. The process was given a figurative name "Leninopad".
"Ukraine legislatively approved decommunization and operates within its framework," an interlocutor in the presidential administration told Kommersant, who asked not to be named. "We, unlike the Poles, do not touch monuments to those killed in the Second World War, but the monuments to Lenin must be destroyed . However, we did not forbid the creation of private museums of idols of the past. Let these idols exist in private territories in personal property. But in the public space they should not be - for this was Maidan, it was supported by the deputies of the Verkhovna Rada. "
The official representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Maria Zakharova, commenting on the Ukrainian decommunization law earlier, stated that "it is impossible to understand the dismantling of the general history, which is engaged in the political establishment of Ukraine." At the same time, she noted that "the Kiev regime is not the first and not the last one who is trying to reform the country through nationalistic manipulation."