Where residents of Khrushchev-era apartment blocks will be relocated

Moscow authorities have found about 150 sites where it is theoretically possible to build houses for displaced people from the ​​Khrushchev-era apartment blocks.
Most of these sites are in urban ownership; Those that belong to third-party users are planned to be redeemed or exchanged for another land. But for the first wave of immigrants, whom officials expect to give out the keys to new apartments in the fall, they will begin to look for the built housing owned by the mayor's office and the developers under its control, or to redeem the areas in new buildings from developers. According to realtors, developers have already sold out almost 200 thousand square meters of unsold buildings. M, the market value of which exceeds 35 billion rubles.

The Moscow authorities are considering 150 sites in all districts of the capital, where new houses can be built for Muscovites who will agree to move out of old Khrushchev. Of this pool for housing development are uniquely suitable 100 sites. This was reported by a source of Kommersant, who is familiar with the discussion in the city hall. According to him, about two-thirds of these sites belong to Moscow, the rest - either in federal ownership or in the property of third-party owners. The interlocutor of "Kommersant" refused to specify the addresses of the plots. According to another source, "Kommersant", familiar with the situation, most of these sites are located in the east and southeast. It is in these districts that the Khrushchevs are most important: as follows from the presentation of the mayor's office (there is a "Kommersant") prepared for the March meeting in the State Duma, in the east of the capital in an old housing stock with a total area of 5.7 million square meters. M live 357 thousand people, in the southeast - 3.87 million square meters. M and 242 thousand people respectively.

Neither the officials of the mayor's office, nor the representatives of the capital construction complex comment on this information.

According to one of the developers, in the southeast and east of the city there are many former industrial zones, which will facilitate the process of involving land for housing construction. "Most of the lands of industrial zones belong to the city that rented land," the source of Kommersant says. "With tenants, the authorities will quickly resolve the issue." The Land Code provides for the seizure of lots for state needs: this can happen if there is a decision of the authorized executive authorities or local self-government bodies, explains executive director of the HEADS Consulting law firm Nikita Kulikov. But this is a rather lengthy procedure in itself, so it will not be possible to conduct it simultaneously, says Dmitry Shevchenko, partner of the law office "Zamoskvorechye". In this case, he continues, you can negotiate with land users, giving them in return other plots.

One of the mechanisms may be the use of the so-called procedure for imposing a public easement, which refers to the limited right to use land owned both by the city and private property, which will partially solve the issue of land acquisition, says senior lawyer of the A2 law firm Maria Ponomareva. "This measure was mentioned in the draft law on renovation (introduced by the Moscow mayor's office in the State Duma .-" Kommersant "), but it is too early to talk about its application 100%," the expert said. On the whole, the mechanism for seizing land for state needs under land legislation gives little hope that these plots will remain with the owners or tenants, if the city authorities need these territories, summarizes Mr. Kulikov.

Involvement of urban land for housing construction for settlers from Khrushchev and interaction with tenants and land owners will be handled by a renovation fund, the founder of which will be the mayor's office, Kommersant sources note. Earlier in an interview with Kommersant, the vice mayor and head of the Moscow construction complex, Marat Khusnullin, said that the fund would operate 100 billion rubles. Annually and initially the entire program will be implemented with budgetary funds ready to allocate 300 billion rubles for these purposes over three years.

This structure will be created if the State Duma adopts in the final reading the draft law on renovation. "If this happens by the end of the spring parliamentary session, the first settlers from the same old five-story buildings will receive the keys to new apartments in the autumn of this year," one of Kommersant's interlocutors continues. He says that it will take at least one and a half years to build new houses from scratch. But, according to the source of the Kommersant, Muscovites of the first wave of resettlement can get apartments in houses already built. "This housing stock can be formed from three sources at once, which is now being discussed inside the mayor's office," he explains. "The first is the apartments belonging to the capital, which are on the balance sheet of the city property department (DGI-Kommersant). The second is housing built by the developers controlled by the authorities, for example, the state enterprise "Civil Construction Management" (KP UGS- "Kommersant"). The third source is a ransom for developers of vacant apartments in rented houses. "

Obtain prompt comments in the DGI and KP UGS failed. According to a Kommersant source close to the department, at least 450,000 sq. M. May be on its balance sheet today. M of housing, received from developers in the framework of investment contracts, which were concluded before 2010. In addition, the authorities said that within the targeted investment program at the expense of the city budget in 2016-2019, it is planned to build 149 houses with a total area of ​​2.5 million square meters. M.

According to the website of KP SSA, the company sells almost 797 apartments with a total area of ​​more than 50 thousand square meters. M (see the map for details). According to the estimates of Anna Shishkina, commercial director of Miel-Novostroyki, today 1,158,000 apartments in the segment of the economy class (total area 65.3 thousand sq. M.) And 3.2 thousand comfortable class apartments remain unsold in Moscow in the constructed residential complexes 192.8 thousand square meters). "Of course, the mechanism under consideration can be at hand to developers, since they will be able to raise almost 35.5 billion rubles from the sale to the city as part of the renovation program," the expert concludes.