For information about clients of Swiss bank HSBC group of approximately 200 countries, the French newspaper Le Monde and the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) received from sources in the French government circles. These customers opened accounts in 1990-2007. and kept them more than $ 100 billion in government agencies data were eight years ago -. they kidnapped and handed over to the German authorities for a fee of 2.5 million euros a former employee of IT-department of the bank Herve Falchiani. Despite protests from Switzerland, first by German law enforcement officers, prosecutors and then France and Belgium are interested trapped in the lists of citizens of their countries, some of them suspected of tax evasion.
"Vedomosti", participating in a joint project with ICIJ and Le Monde, analyzed the Russian part of the list, consisting of more than 740 names, and found there the first persons of the state and major political figures. However, apart from a dozen members of the Russian Forbes list, there were former officials, heads of "Rosneft", gosbankiry, as well as their relatives. Some of them in 2006-2007. the accounts was more than $ 1 million. "Vedomosti"interested in how people, most of his life working in the civil service or state-owned companies became the owners of accounts at HSBC.
In 2006-2007. $ 11 million was in the accounts of the companies associated with the now liquidated English Forehold Limited and Finahold Limited (hereinafter - the basis of the lists received ICIJ and Le Monde). The beneficiary of the first documents to HSBC was listed former Deputy Minister of Energy Peter Nidzelsky, and the second - Lydia Nidzelskaya called as a business consultant. In June 2004, Nidzelsky resigned from the civil service, and at the end of that year the company had a Swiss bank account. failed Contact Nidzelskimi "Vedomosti".
Member of "Gazprom" Board of Directors , former head of the Ministry of State Property Farit Gazizullin opened an account with HSBC in the late 1990s. In the long run, which was related Gazizullin and his wife Tatiana, in 2006-2007. . It was $ 3.6 million in bank securities Gazizullin called "the engineer," although he is better known as an officer, first worked as first deputy chairman of the State Planning Commission in Tatarstan, and then - in the State Property Committee. Gazizullin finished his career in 2004, the Ministermuschestvennyh relations. Since the late 1990s he was part of the board of directors of "Gazprom", and in 2004 he was on the boards of directors and EES FGC UES SO-CDA. Gazizullin did not respond to questions "Vedomosti" passed through "Gazprom". "Gazprom" representative did not comment on them.
The former chairman of the Social Insurance Fund and the deputy head of the Federal Agency for Public Health Yuriy Kosarev opened in the HSBC account in May 2005, in 2006-2007. it was $ 2.5 million. Contact Kosarev failed.
The son of former deputy chairman of "Gazprom" the Board Vyacheslav Sheremet Vadim opened a Swiss bank account in July 2006, and 2006-2007. it was $ 10.4 million. At a time when "Gazprom" led by Rem Vyakhirev, Vadim Sheremet owned stakes in some of the suppliers and contractors of "Gazprom" with the children Vyahirev and the then Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin. For example, Vadim Sheremet, Vitaly Chernomyrdin and Tatiana Dedikova (Vyahirev daughter) in 1998 moved the company "Intergazkomplekt", which was a major supplier of imported equipment for "Gazprom". For his share of children of top-menedzherov then paid for 1620 rubles. Vadim Sheremet was also part of "Azot" agrochemical board of directors of the corporation, established on equal footing, "Gazprom" and "Interkhimprom".
Sheremet confirmed "Vedomosti" that he had such an account, but he closed his "five years ago." He said that after so many years does not remember the company "Intergazkomplekt", stressing that it is not made a contract with "Gazprom". Sheremet said that the logistics involved and the real estate and the money in the account had nothing to do with the business in the gas sector. "I've been doing a polymer product. This account is no longer a need me. I invested the money and has been working with Russian banks, "- he explained.
The wife of the chief of department on protection of state secrets "Roscosmos" Alexander Degtyar Tatiana according to the lists had to do with the bank for $ 1.2 million, which was opened in February 2005 Alexander Degtar told "Vedomosti" that his wife has long ceased to do business and if such an account ever existed, it was closed.
And the wife of the former deputy chairman of the Goudarstvennogo Customs Committee Valery Shpagin (. at 1997-2004) Irene, according to client lists, was a bill for $ 4.1 million account was opened at the end of 2005 -. after more than a year after Shpagin left the civil service, He explained to "Vedomosti" Irina Shpagin. In addition, the couple went to the times. The materials Shpagin Bank is listed as the founder of the customs broker "Company Quota" operating since 1998. She herself says that between its business and the work of Valery Shpagin there was no connection. Business customs broker has never been easy, and Shpagin always worked honestly and now lives on his pension, she said.
HSBC, according to the lists, liked oilmen. Thus, the ex-president of "Rosneft" Sergey Bogdanchikov was his client in March 2007, when the state-owned company is still led. A former director of the commercial "Rosneft" Nikolay Capon Department started the account in January 2007. From 1998 to 2007 he worked in "Rosneft", and in 2008 moved to the business structure. Data about the money in their accounts there.
Bogdanchikov did not respond to questions "Vedomosti" transferred to him. Contact Kaplun Thres owned company failed.
Data on buildings
The materials obtained ICIJ and Le Monde, and have other information about this property account holders.
For example, former Defense Minister of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych government - Dmitry Salamatin, hold on to the HSBC accounts in 2006-2007. $ 11.4 million recorded in the list as the Russian client. This is because your home address, he pointed to the most expensive village of Moscow - Silver Forest, adjacent to the former head of the FSB. According Rosreestra site at Serebryany Bor central passage, ow. 73, d. 8, owned by his wife Natalia Salamatina.
Salamatin moved from Russia to Ukraine in 1999 and received the citizenship of Ukraine in 2004. From 2006 he was a deputy of the Verkhovna Rada from the Party of Regions, Viktor Yanukovych, in 2010 headed the Ukrainian state company for export and import of military products and services, and in 2011 - "Ukroboronprom". From February to December 2012 Salamatin was the Minister of Defense of Ukraine, and then - advisor to Yanukovich. The deputies of the Verkhovna Rada Salamatina accused of having links with the Russian withetssluzhbami, he also stated that the allegations were unfounded: he has long lived in the Ukraine and is a citizen of this country.
According to the person close to Salamatina, he was 90th. He engaged in business, invested in financial instruments and money earned long before the career public servant and MP.
Former Vice-President of "Rosneft" Anatoly Loktionov according to their address lists have a house in the upscale suburb of Geneva - Vandovre on Route de la Kapit, 140. Information Geneva Registry confirms that the land belongs to Loktionova and his wife. In the area not far from Lake Geneva, is located two-storey house with a small artificial pond.
A few kilometers away - on the ramp-de Colón, 10, is a three-story mansion of another HSBC client who is in the lists - a longtime friend of the Russian president and former co-owner of oil trader Gunvor Gennady Timchenko.
Nearby - on the shores of Lake Geneva, on the Chemin de la Tour Carré, 1, "Vedomosti" found the house of his daughter Xenia Timchenko, who is also a customer of the bank in accordance with thePisco. Xenia Timchenko involved in charity work, along with his mother, Elena Timchenko included in the (Foundation Neva) Swiss fund management "Neva", created by Gennady Timchenko and his wife for the development of projects in education, art, science and sport. The Swiss phone book and on the website it is referred to as the Fund Xenia Frank because Frank married Gleb - the son of the head of state "Sovcomflot". Gleb Frank was also listed as a client of the bank. Information on the amounts of Timchenko and his relatives do not have accounts. Timchenko spokesman did not respond to the request "Vedomosti".
Who needs HSBC data
The representative of the HSBC Group declined to comment on details of the Russian bank's clients. And ICIJ inquiry said that the "culture of compliance of control and due diligence standards" in the Swiss bank group in the past "were significantly lower than they are now." "Switzerland and its banking system for a long time opposed the standards of FATF [intergovernmental organization Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering] in regard to theetsya test data of public officials, in response, that in some cases it is impossible to confirm the legitimacy of the means that contribute to their accounts officials. But recently Switzerland reformed ", - said chairman of Transparency International in Russia Elena Panfilova.
In Russia still can not even articulate, who is a public official, and therefore checked with the utmost care, she said. From officials required to declare bank accounts in 2008, from the managers of state-owned companies - in 2012-2013. The ban on the accounts in foreign banks for officials and managers of state companies entered into force in January 2015 "retroactive law does not, therefore, civil servants and leaders of state-owned, former and current, in this case, is not threatened," - said Panfilov.
Russian law enforcement agencies might be interested in the lists, says former prosecutor general Yuri Skuratov: check whether the funds were legally obtained in these accounts. "I believe that this channel should be used, but in compliance with legislation on operationalsecond job "- advises Skuratov.
Who kept the money in a Swiss bank
The materials on clients of a Swiss bank HSBC Group received Le Monde and the ICIJ, and many other famous Russians, who at the time of account opening led by government agencies, but the amount in their accounts in the list are not listed. For example, the former Minister of Agriculture Elena Skrynnik, according to the lists become a customer of the bank in July 2003. At the time, she was the CEO of state-owned "Rosagroleasing". With Skrynnik account was related company Elenya Invest & Trade Inc. However, becoming head of state-owned companies, Skrynnik formally reserves the right to do business. Skrynnik did not respond to questions "Vedomosti", passed through her brother.
VTB President Andrei Kostin mentioned in the list of clients of the bank since 1997 in connection with the companies CC Service, Dalton Services, Suncloud Investments, Druce Settlement and Danale Corporation. The accounts of these companies were closed until October 1999. From 1996 Kostin was chairman of state-owned Vnesheconombank (VEB). Familiar Kostin said that these companies could engage in transactions with foreign debts of Russian pre-enterprises: redeemed these debts in foreign companies and sold four authorized by the Government of the Russian banks, earning a certain percentage of it. VTB spokesman declined to comment.
In the old client was listed as an acquaintance Kostin - deputy general director of "VEB Capital" Dmitry Solovyov. In the past he worked in the Ministry of Finance, and in 2000 was the first deputy chairman of the National Reserve Bank Alexander Lebedev, who was one of the first to engage in operations of Russian companies to pay off debts. In an address for receipt of correspondence from the Swiss bank Soloviev pointed Swiss company R & S Investments financier Roger Ingold. Ingold, according to his partner, was an adviser to Kostina and worked co-director of the Russian Commercial Bank (which until the early 2000s was part of the VEB).
R & S Investments in the past, too, was interested in debt of Russian companies and offered to buy debt "Sovcomflot" before Russian commercial bank at a price of 60 cents on the dollar. Soloviev and Ingold did not respond to questions "Vedomosti".
The former deputy chairman of the State Customs Committee and former Senator Sergei Bekov mentioned in the list as a client of the Swiss bank since June 2007. At the time he was a senator. Contact Bekov failed.
The former first deputy chairman of "Rosnano" Andrey Rappoport, according to the lists was a customer of the bank since January 2007. At the time, he was chairman of the Federal Grid Company and a member of the board of RAO UES. Rappaport did not respond to the request "Vedomosti".
Senator and former Deputy Prime Minister Vitaly Ignatenko was mentioned in the lists as a client of the Swiss bank from March to September 2006. At that time he was a member of the board of the journal "Union State", was CEO of ITAR-TASS. Ignatenko has not responded to "Vedomosti" questions.
First Deputy General Director of "Do CorporationIa "Vladimir Karamanov according to the lists was listed as a customer of the bank since November 2006. At the time, he was the first vice-president of JSC" Transnefteprodukt ". The representative of "Development Corporation" gave "Vedomosti" that the information is untrue.
Former director of the Moscow State Unitary Enterprise "Orion" Andrey Petelin, who was responsible for the city contracts for the construction of elevated pedestrian crossings, according to the lists became a customer of the bank in the late 1990s. State Unitary Enterprise "Orion" was abolished by the Moscow government, but, according to the Moscow Arbitration Court, the liquidation committee can not get away from Petelin financial documents GUP "Orion" for the period from 2000 to 2012. Contact Petelin through companies established they failed.
General Director of "Gazprom Gazenergoset" Andrey Dmitriev was in the bank's client list in March 2006. This "granddaughter" of "Gazprom" he leads since 2004 Dmitriev has not responded to the request "Vedomosti".